Agriculture is the backbone of our country and economy; it
contributes 26% of India's GDP, and provides employment to 60% population.
Current farming practices do not efficiently utilize resources like water, fertilizers and pesticides.
Precision agriculture is a agri-management philosophy to eliminate the
ill effects of over and under usage of resources. Precision
agriculture helps in efficient usage of resources and crop disease
forecasting. The variation in environmental parameters and soil
properties over the field are mapped and then appropriate actions
deployment of the Agri-Sens at Sula Vineyard, Nasik (India) was
carried out in two phases. The first phase was carried out during
January 2007. The deployment focused on establishing
feasibility of capturing, analyzing data and facilitated global
data accessibility from seven wireless sensor pods. The second
phase of deployment was carried out in June 2007. A sensor network
was deployed in a section of Sula Vineyard. They mapped various parameters like soil temperature, soil
moisture, ambient temperature, ambient humidity and salinity of the
soil, which are critical for quality of grapes and hence the wine
being produced. With the value of soil moisture obtained from the
sensor, the system automatically turns On and Off the water
sprinkler to maintain a specific moisture level in the soil. The
SPANN Lab researchers spent three days there deploying the system and analyzing
its performance. Later the system was left there to monitor the
different environmental parameters and the data was collected using
the data logger developed at SPANN Lab, IIT Bombay and this data is sent to
a server at SPANN Lab. A group of researchers are analyzing this live data.
This study will help in efficient irrigation and disease
This deployment consisted of 20 nodes and an embedded base station. Every node has
temperature, humidity, soil moisture and soil temperature sensors
and a mote that routes the sensed data to the base station according
to a routing protocol, developed at SPANN Lab. The node gets its power from a solar cell
mounted on top of it, so the system does not require external power
and is self sustaining. The base station collects this data and
transmits this data over GPRS to SPANN Lab, where it is being
analyzed. The complete system was designed at SPANN Lab.
This deployment is very well received by the people at Sula wines.
Still in beta testing phase, AgriSens system promises to help the farmers
and to change the future of Indian agriculture.