Block diagram view of a general purpose processor; elements of hardware and software architectures; introduction to concepts of data and control paths, registers and memory organization. Instruction set basics and assembly language programming: instruction structure and addressing modes, instruction encoding, and study of 8085A instruction set, hardware architecture and interrupts. Introduction to microcontrollers. 8051 hardware and instruction set architecture, timers/counters, interrupts and serial interface (including multi-processor communication). Interfacing basics using examples of I/O devices: parallel port, serial ports, keypad, display, etc. Introductory discussion on processor performance evaluation and design using a RISC ISA (including concepts of pipelining, pipelining hazards, cache, virtual memory and parallelism).
R.S. Ganorkar, Microprocessor Architecture, Programming, and Applications with the 8085, Penram International Publishing, Fifth Edition, 2011.
J.H. Hennessy, and D.A. Patterson, Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approch, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Fourth Edition, 2006.
Kenneth J. Ayala, The 8051 Microcontroller, Architecture, Programming and Applications, Penram International Publishing, 1996.