Sampling and data reconstruction processes: Sampled - Data control systems, ideal sampler, sampling theorem, sample and hold operations, frequency domain considerations.
Z-transforms: Properties Inverse, applications to solution of difference equations, convolution sums,Stability of discrete systems: location of poles, Jury's stability criterion, stability analysis through bilinear transforms.,
Design of digital control systems: PID controllers and frequency domain compensation design, state variable methods and the discrete linear regulator problem.
M. Gopal, Digital Control Engineering, Wiley Eastern, 1988.
K.J Astrom, B Wittenmark, Computer Controlled Systems, 2nd edition Prentice -Hall India 1994
R. Isermann, Digital Control, Vol 1 Narosa Publications, 1993.