Review of principles of power system protection: over-current, directional, differential and distance protection. Reactancce, impedances and mho relays numerical relays: motivation, basic hardware. Review of digital signal processing techniques: sampling, aliasing, courier, discrete Fourier transforms and fast Fourier transforms. Numerical algorithms, CT/PT modelling and standards, simulation of transients, electromagnetic transient program (EMTP).
J.L. Blackburn, Protective Relaying : Principles and Applications, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987.
A.G. Phadke and J.S. Thorp, Computer Relaying for Power Systems, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1988.