Pushing processing and storage into the “cloud” has been a key trend in networking and distributed systems in the past decade. In the next wave of network architecture and technology advance, the cloud is now descending to be diffused among the client devices, often with mobility too: the cloud is becoming “fog.” For example, more than just faster speed, 5G wireless networks need to be cognitive of end-user application needs. Questions on fairness, robustness, privacy, security, and efficiency need to be revisited. Furthermore, empowered by chips such as Atom and emergent communication protocols, each client device today is powerful in computation, in storage, and in communication. Yet client devices are still limited in battery power, global view of the network, and mobility support. Recognizing the gap between “Cloud” and “Things,” IEEE has stepped up its efforts on filling the “Cloud-to-Thing” continuum through growing its activities in fog computing, communications, storage and control, i.e., “Fog.” Most interestingly, the collection of many Fog-based Networks in a crowd presents a highly distributed, under-organized and dense network. The goal of starting the Fog Computing & Networking research is to investigate the optimization of resources that are virtualized, pooled, and shared unpredictably. Fog Networking revisits the role of clients in network architectures, more than just an end-user device, but also as an integral part of the control plane that monitors, measures, and manages the network. This is rewriting the traditional practice of using heavy-duty and dedicated network elements for network measurement and management Fog Computing & Networking combine the study of mobile communications, fog-based radio access network (F-RAN) in 5G, distributed systems, and big data analytics into an exciting new area. Based on our preliminary research, it shows that new emerging services (such as V2V in Vehicular Telematics Services, Industry 4.0 and e-Healthcare Services) could be realized and implemented easily and economically. It could be also served as core engine to enable many Services in Internet of Things (IoT) applications. Both of Future Research Directions and the ICT Convergence for Entrepreneurs in the area of Fog Computing and Networking will be discussed in this talk.
Prof. T. Russell Hsing, Life Fellow of the IEEE and Fellow for the British Computer Society (BCS) and SPIE, is now Chair Professor of National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, Guest Professor of Peking University in China, Adjunct Professor with the Arizona State University in US. He has been teaching a course of “Technology Entrepreneurship: Curiosity, Opportunity, Risk, and Money” at POSTECH (Korea) in 2012, National Chiao Tung University (Taiwan) since 2013, and Peking University (China) since 2014. Currently he serves as Board Member for the OpenFog Consortium, Board Advisor for four academic spin-off high-tech startups in US (DataMi, Inc.; Smartiply Inc.; and IoT Eye, Inc.) and Taiwan (ePass2UInc.). He has been Academic Advisor for the Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) Alliance since March 2014. His current research efforts are concentrating on Wireless 5G, Internet of Things, Network Economics & Neutrality, Fog Networking & Computing, and Technology Entrepreneurship. From 1976 to 2012, He was with the Applied Research Center in Bellcore/Telcordia/Ericsson as Director (1986-1995) and Executive Director (1995-2012). He has also established and supervised the Directors for Telcordia Applied Research Centers in Taiwan (TARC-TW) and Poland (TARC-PL) (2004-2012). He accumulated rich R&D experience of 35 years through affiliations with Burroughs, Xerox, GTE Labs, Telco Systems Fiber Optics Corporation, and Bellcore/Telcordia/Ericssson. From 1987 to 1995, He has led a research team to propose and then to develop the world’s first working QAM-based ADSL system first, and then designed the world’s first working DCT chip for video communication applications at Bellcore. In 2002, he was given a responsibility to establish a new Emerging Technologies and Services R & D Department for Vehicular Telematics, Healthcare, and physical security systems applications. He pioneered the technology commercialization in emerging technologies and services through joint business ventures with commercial partners. He holds a B.Sc. (1970) from Taiwan, M.Sc. (1974) and Ph.D (1977) of Electrical Engineering, the University of Rhode Island. His research and publications cover communication signal processing, multimedia communications, wireless technologies & sensors network, vehicular networks & telematics, video communications and VLSI implementations. He co-edits the ICT book series for John Wiley & Sons, Inc. since 2007. Within the IEEE Communications Society, he was member (2006-2008) and chair (2010-2011) of the Fellow Evaluation Committee, and a member of the Award Committee (2010-2012). He was founding chair (2010-2012) of Sub-TC on Vehicular Networks and Telematics Applications for the IEEE Communications Society. Within the IEEE, he was a member (2008-2010)/ Chair (2010-2011)/Past Chair (2012) for the IEEE Kiyo Tomiyasu Award Committee, and then the IEEE Eric Sumner Award Committee (2010-2012). He has been a member for the IEE Fellow Committee since 2012, the Strategic Planning Committee in 2013, and Chair for the IEEE Technical Field of Award (TFA) Council & Member for the IEEE Award Board since 2015.