Buildings, both commercial and residential, contribute to one third of the energy consumption in many growing economies. With roughly half the energy consumption in buildings coming from air conditioning (AC) loads, there is a significant potential to save energy by making wise decisions regarding cooling of spaces. For instance, ACs in large spaces may be switched ON to ensure optimal comfort based on "sensed" occupancy patterns. This may imply switching of ACs in zones without occupants or turning on overhead fans to reduce the cooling needs, naturally leading to energy optimization. This talk provides an overview of the ongoing efforts related to sensor and actuator design, as well as development of analytics to enable such demand management. It also discusses practical implementation aspects such as sensor placement, ease-of-deployment of solutions and need for plug-and-play architecture. The talk covers a broad spectrum of demand management: from being energy aware to being energy efficient as well as from being grid-aware to being grid-responsive. Finally, it introduces the test beds developed at IIT Bombay to support ongoing research in this domain.
Anupama Kowli is an Assistant Professor at Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. She is a researcher in the area of electricity markets, energy economics, resource planning, power system operation and control and demand management. She received her Masters and Ph.D. from University of Illinois atUrbana Champaign in 2009 and 2013, respectively. Anupama was a visiting scholar at University of Florida. She interned as an energy consultant at KEMA Inc and as a control engineer at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.