Over several millennia different "scientific" and "metaphysical" traditions have been pondering over the nature of the physical world, the purpose of its creation, the role of human being in it, the nature of ultimate reality, and so on. The scientists and philosophers belonging to these traditions have introduced a variety of concepts and theories in order to explain the phenomena observed by them. As these practitioners of science are indeed a part of society and do not study the phenomena in isolation, the various ideas, and concepts that are already prevalent in the society seem to have had a discernible influence on their thought process. This becomes evident when we look at the theories that have been put forth in the cultural background in which they emerged. This difference in approach, which seems to been substantially influenced by the culture, has a bearing not only in advancing a theory or a model but also in accepting other theories that have been advanced in order to explain the same phenomenon. By taking specific examples from different disciplines, we will try to highlight some of these aspects during our lecture.