Statistical Signal Analysis
Digital Signal Processing and Applications
Error Correcting Codes
Fibre Optic Communication
Adaptive Signal Processing
Microwave Integrated Circuits
Nonlinear Dynamical Systems
Control and Computation Laboratory
Electronic Systems Design
Sensors in Instrumentation
CMOS Analog VLSI Design
RF Microelectronics Chip Design
Physics of Transistors
Markov Chains and Queuing Systems
Optimal Control Systems
Bio Sensors and Bio MEMS
Digital Measurement Techniques
Simulation of Circuits and Devices
Applied Linear Algebra in Electrical Engineering
Estimation and Identification
Multivariable Control Systems
Finite Fields and their Applications
Digital Protection of Power Systems
Power Electronics I
Power Electronics II
Computer Aided Power System Analysis
Electrical Machine Analysis & Control
Electric Drives I
Power System Dynamics and Control
A First Course in Optimization
Microprocessor Applications in Power Electronics
Application of Power Electronics to Power Systems
High Power Semiconductor Devices
Power Systems and Power Electronics Lab
Microprocessor Applications in Power Electronics
Foundations of VLSI CAD
Power System Protection
Introduction to MEMS
Digital Message Transmission
Artificial Neural Networks
VLSI Design Lab
Information Theory and Coding
Testing and Verification of VLSI Circuits
Large Sparse Matrix Computations
Embedded Systems Design
Circuit Simulation in Power Electronics
Behavioral Theory of Systems
Advanced Computing for Electrical Engineers
Aids for the Motor and Sensory Disabled
Mixed Signal VLSI Design
An Introduction to Number Theory and Cryptography
Hardware Description Languages
Restructured Power System
Physics of Nanoelectronics Devices I
Growth and Characterization of Nano-electronic Materials
Physics of Nanoelectronics Devices II
Design of Experiment /Taguchi Method for Experimental Research
Combinatorial Optimization I
Solid State Devices
Advanced Probability and Random Processes for Engineers
Microelectronics Simulation Lab
Introduction to Stochastic Optimization
Introduction to Stochastic Control
Advanced Communications Network
Advanced Network Analysis
Wireless and Mobile Communications
Advanced Topics in Signal Processing
Review of probability theory and random variables: Transformation (function) of random variables; Conditional expectation;
Sequences of random variables: convergence of sequences of random variables.
Stochastic processes: wide sense stationary processes, orthogonal increment processes, Wiener process, and the Poisson process, KL expansion.
Ergodicity, Mean square continuity, mean square derivative and mean square integral of stochastic processes.
Stochastic systems: response of linear dynamic systems (e.g. state space or ARMA systems) to stochastic inputs; Lyapunov equations; correlational function; power spectral density function; introduction to linear least square estimation, Wiener filtering and Kalman filtering.
A. Papoulis, Probability, Random Variables and stochastic processes, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill, 1983.
A. Larson and B.O. Schubert, Stochastic Processes, Vol.I and II, Holden-Day, 1979.
W. Gardener, Stochastic Processes, McGraw Hill, 1986.
Radar theory, different types of radars, Radar signal analysis for range accuracy and resolution. Radar signal detection and estimation techniques, clutter and noise suppression, propagational characteristics over land and sea. Electronic countermeasure.
M.I.Skolnik, Introduction to Radar Systems, McGraw Hill, 1980.
D.K.Barton, Modern radar systems analysis, Artech House, 1988.
B,Edde, Radar: Principles, Technology, Applications, Prentice Hall, 1993.
Discrete Time Signals: Sequences; representation of signals on orthogonal basis; Sampling and Reconstruction of signals;
Discrete systems: attributes, Z-Transform, Analysis of LSI systems, Frequency Analysis, Inverse Systems, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT), Fast Fourier Transform algorithm, Implementation of Discrete Time Systems.
Design of FIR Digital filters: Window method, Park-McClellan's method.
Design of IIR Digital Filters: Butterworth, Chebyshev and Elliptic Approximations; Lowpass, Bandpass, Bandstop and High pass filters.
Effect of finite register length in FIR filter design.
Parametric and non-parametric spectral estimation. Introduction to multirate signal processing. Application of DSP to Speech and Radar signal processing.
A.V. Oppenheim and Schafer, Discrete Time Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1989.
John G. Proakis and D.G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing: Principle, Algorithms and Applications, Prentice Hall, 1997.
L.R. Rabiner and B. Gold, Theory and Application of Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992.
J.R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992.
DeFatta, J. G. Lucas and
Linear block codes : Systematic linear codes and optimum decoding for the binary symmetric channel; Generator and Parity Check matrices, Syndrome decoding on symmetric channels; Hamming codes; Weight enumerators and the MacWilliams identities; Perfect codes.
Introduction to finite fields and finite rings; factorization of (X^n-1) over a finite field; Cyclic Codes.
BCH codes; Idempotents and Mattson-Solomon polynomials; Reed-Solomon codes, Justeen codes, MDS codes, Alterant, Goppa and generalized BCH codes; Spectral properties of cyclic codes.
Decoding of BCH codes: Berlekamp's decoding algorithm, Massey's minimum shift register synthesis technique and its relation to Berlekamp's algorithm. A fast Berlekamp - Massey algorithm.
Convolution codes; Wozencraft's sequential decoding algorithm, Fann's algorithm and other sequential decoding algorithms; Viterbi decoding algorithm.
and N.J.A. Slone, The
theory of error correcting codes,
R.E. Balahut, Theory and practice of error control codes, Addison Wesley, 1983.
Introduction to vector nature of light, propagation of light, propagation of light in a cylindrical dielectric rod, Ray model, wave model. Different types of optical fibers, Modal analysis of a step index fiber.
Signal degradation on optical fiber due to dispersion and attenuation. Fabrication of fibers and measurement techniques like OTDR.
Optical sources - LEDs and Lasers, Photo-detectors - pin-detectors, detector responsivity, noise, optical receivers.
Optical link design - BER calculation, quantum limit, power panelities.
Optical switches - coupled mode analysis of directional couplers, electro-optic switches.
Nonlinear effects in fiber optic links. Concept of self-phase modulation, group velocity dispersion and solition based communication. Optical amplifiers - EDFA, Raman amplifier, and WDM systems.
J.Keiser, Fibre Optic communication, McGraw-Hill, 2nd Ed. 1992.
J.E. Midwinter, Optical fibers for transmission, John Wiley, 1979.
T. Tamir, Integrated optics, (Topics in Applied Physics Vol.7), Springer-Verlag, 1975.
Optical communication systems,
S.E. Miller and A.G. Chynoweth, eds., Optical fibres telecommunications, Academic Press, 1979.
G.Agrawal, Nonlinear fibre optics, Academic Press, 2nd Ed. 1994.
Agrawal, Fiber optic Communication Systems, John Wiley and sons,
Fiber Optics Handbook
for engineers and scientists,
Review of linear and non-linear estimation theory. Signal modelling. Optimal filtering.
Adaptive filtering as an extension of the optimal least mean square error case Adaptive algorithms: adaptive equalization and echo cancellation; adaptive lattice filters. Application to radar, sonar, geophysics and hydrology, economic processes, communications (spread spectrum techniques).
S. Haykin, Adaptive filter theory, Prentice Hall, 1986.
B. Widrow and S.D. Stearns, Adaptive signal processing, Prentice Hall, 1984.
Review of antenna theory, dipoles, monopole and loop antennas, linear and planar arrays, array synthesis, phased arrays, helical antennas, radiation from apertures, aperture distribution, horn and parabolic dish antennas, Yagi - Uda and log-periodic antennas, microstrip antennas and arrays, Dielectric Antennas.
J.D. Karus, Antennas, McGraw Hill, 1988.
R.E. Collin, Antennas and radiowave propagation, McGraw Hill, 1985.
R.C. Johnson and H. Jasik, Antenna Engineering Handbook, McGraw Hill, 1984.
I.J. Bahl and P. Bhartia, Microstrip antennas, Artech house,1980.
Image representation - Gray scale and colour Images, image sampling and quantization.
Two dimensional orthogonal transforms - DFT, FFT, WHT, Haar transform, KLT, DCT.
Image enhancement - filters in spatial and frequency domains, histogram-based processing, homomorphic filtering.
Edge detection - non parametric and model based approaches, LOG filters, localisation problem.
Image Restoration - PSF, circulant and block - circulant matrices, deconvolution, restoration using inverse filtering, Wiener filtering and maximum entropy-based methods.
Mathematical morphology - binary morphology, dilation, erosion, opening and closing, duality relations, gray scale morphology, applications such as hit-and-miss transform, thinning and shape decomposition.
Computer tomography - parallel beam projection, Radon transform, and its inverse, Back-projection operator, Fourier-slice theorem, CBP and FBP methods, ART, Fan beam projection.
Image communication - JPEG, MPEGs and H.26x standards, packet video, error concealment.
Image texture analysis - co-occurence matrix, measures of textures, statistical models for textures.
Misc. topics such as - Hough Transform, boundary detection, chain coding, and segmentation, thresholding methods.
Jain, Fundamentals of
digital image processing, Prentice Hall of
Haralick, and L.G. Shapiro, Computer and Robot
Vision, Vol-1, Addison Wesley,
R. Jain, R. Kasturi and B.G. Schunck, Machine Vision, McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1995.
W. K. Pratt, Digital image processing, Prentice Hall, 1989.
A. Rosenfold and A. C. Kak, Digital image processing, Vols. 1 and 2, Prentice Hall, 1986.
H. C. Andrew and B. R. Hunt, Digital image restoration, Prentice Hall, 1977
Introduction to microwave integrated circuits: Active and passive components.
Analysis of microstrip lines: variational method, conformal transformation, numerical analysis; losses in microstrip lines; Slot line and Coupled lines; Design of power dividers and combiners, directional couplers, hybrid couplers, filters.
Microstrip lines on ferrite and garnet substrates; Isolators and circulators; Lumped elements in MICs.
Technology of MICs: Monolithic and hybrid substrates; thin and thick film technologies, computer aided design.
Leo Young and H. Sobol, Ed. Advances in Microwaves, Vol.2, Academic Press Inc., 1974.
T.K. Ishii, Handbook of Microwave Technology, vol. I, Academic Press, 1995.
Basics of Telephony: Telephone Network overview; Subscriber Loop; Signalling in the Telephone Network; Overview of ISDN, BISDN and ATM Technologies
Circuit Switching in Telephone Networks: Crossbar switch; Clos networks; Clos and Slepian-Duguid theorems; Recursive construction of Clos Networks; Time switching, TMS and TST switches; Lee and Jacobeus blocking analysis; Routing in R-NB network; Switch processor, Call processing and overload control; Example telephone switches.
Cell Switching: Generic Switch; Input and output queued switches; Shared memory and Shared medium switches, Crossbar switch, Complexity and scaling disdvantage of output queued switches, Knockout principle; Interconnections for large switches, Self routing architectures, Batcher-banyan networks; Unbufferred banyan switches, Buffered banyan, Tandem banyan, Speedup, Parallelism and Channel grouping toenhance input queued switches; Concentrators superconcentrators and Copy networks, Examples of ATM switches, IP Switching from VC based fixed length packet switches.
Multiplexing and Routing in Circuit Switched Networks: Abstract System Models Erlang Blocking Models; Overflow Models, Equivalent Random Theory, Haywards Approxmn and Introductory Non Poisson Arrival Processes; Product form solution; Erlang Fixed Point Solution; Techniques to choose good routes; Alternate Routing; Dynamic Routing, Least Busy Alternate Routing;
Joseph Y. Hui, Switching and Traffic Theory for Integrated Broadband Networks, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990.
V.E. Benes, Mathematical Theory of Connecting Networks and Telephone Traffic, Academic Press, 1965.
G. Hebuterne, Traffic Flow in Switching Systems, Artech House, 1987.
A. Girard, Routing and Dimensioning in Circuit Switched Networks, 1986.
J.C. Bellamy, Digital Telephony, 2nd Edition, John Wiley, 1992.
Introduction to nonlinear systems; analysis by phase plane and describing function methods. Lyapunov stability theory. The Lure problem: Popov's method, circle criterion. Hyperstability. Hamiltonian, Lagrangian and gradient systems: physical examples and analysis. Stability of Hamiltonian systems. Periodic systems: Floquet-Lyapunov theory, Krein's stability theorem.
V. M. Popov : Hyperstability of control systems. Springer Grundleheren series, 1970.
M. Vidyasagar, Nonlinear systems analysis. 2nd Edition. Prentice Hall, 1993.
Y. A. Yakubovitch and V. M. Starzhinskii, Linear differential equations with periodic coefficients. Wiley, 1975.
Amplifiers - Microwave semiconductor devices and models; Power gain equations, stability, impedance matching, constant gain and noise figure circles; Small signal, low noise, high-power and broadband amplifier designs.
Oscillators - One port, two port, YIG dielectric and Gunn-diode oscillators.
Two terminal microwave devices and circuits:
PIN diodes and uses as switches, phase shifters and limiters;
Varactor diodes, IMPATT and TRAPATT devices, transferred electron devices.
Microwave BJTs. GaAs FETs, low noise and power GaAs FETs and their applications. Microwave Mixers.
S.Y. Liao, Microwave Circuit Analysis and Amplifier Design, Prentice Hall, 1987.
G.D. Vendelin, A.M. Pavio, U.L. Rohde, Microwave Circuit Design, Using Linear and Non-linear Techniques, John Wiley, 1990.
Y. Konishi, Microwave Integrated Circuits, Marcel Dekker, 1991.
Programming and computation in MATLAB and SCILAB. Design of control systems and their simulation using software tools. Implementation of algorithms for multivariable systems for pole placement, observer design, stability computations, factorizations, solutions of Lyapunov and Ricatti equations, realizations, balancing. Use of algorithms for multivariable time series modelling.
A. Antoulas (Ed) : Mathematical systems theory Springer Verlag 1991.
C. T. Chen : Linear system theory and design, 3rd Edition. Oxford 1999.
K. N. Sigmon and T. A. Davis : MATLAB primer 6th edition, CRC Press 2001.
Signal conditioning, Instrumentation & Isolation amplifiers, Analog filters, Analog switches, Programmable circuits, Switched-capacitors circuits and applications. A/D and D/A conversion: sampling and quantization, antialiasing and smoothening filters, Data converters, Interfacing with DSP blocks. Signal measurement in the presence of noise:synchronous detection, signal averaging. Noise in electronic systems; design of low noise circuits. Interfacing of analog and digital systems. PCB design and layout; System assembly considerations.
A. S Sedra and KC Smith, Microelectronic circuits, Oxford, 1998.
S. Soclof, Applications of analog integrated circuits, Prentice Hall1990.
T. T. Lang, Electronics of measuring systems - practical implementation, Wiley,1987.
P. Horowitz and W Hill, The art of electronics, Cambridge,1995.
H.W.Ott, Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems, Wiley, 1989.
S. K Mitra, Digital signal processing: a computer based approach, McGraw Hill, 1998.
W.C. Bosshart, Printed Circuit Boards: Design and Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1983.
G.L. Ginsberg, Printed Circuit Design, McGraw Hill, 1991.
Sensor characteristics; R, L and C sensors: Hall effect sensors; Piezoelectric sensors; Micro-sensors. Sensors for displacement, pressure, temperature, flow etc. Optical sensors; chemical and bio-sensors. Sensor applications in non-destructive testing. Interfacing sensors with microprocessors and micro controllers.
D. V.S.Murthy,Transducers in instrumentation,Prentice Hall, 1995.
J. P.Bentley, Principles of measurement systems, Wiley,1989
J. W.Gardner, Microsensors, principles and applications, Wiley,1996.
S.M.Sze, Semiconductor Sensors, Wiley,1994
Introduction to analog VLSI and mixed signal issues in CMOS technologies. Basic MOS models, SPICE Models and frequency dependent parameters. Basic MNOS/CMOS gain stage, cascade and cascode circuits. Frequency response, stabilty and noise issues in amplifiers. CMOS analog blocks: Current Sources and Voltage references. Differential amplifier and OPAMP design. Frequency Synthesizers and Phased lock-loop. Non-linear analog blocks: Comparators,Charge-pump circuits and Multipliers. Data converters. Analog Interconnects. Analog Testing and Layout issues. Low Voltage and Low Power Circuits. Introduction to RF Electronics. Basic concepts in RF design
Baker,H.W.Li, and D.E. Boyce CMOS Circuit Design ,Layout and Simulation,
Mohammed Ismail and Terri Faiz Analog VLSI Signal and Information Process, McGraw-Hill Book company,1994
R. Gray and R.G.Meyer, Analysis and design of Analog Integrated circuits John
Wiley and sons,
B. Razavi, RF Microelectronics, Prentice-Hall PTR,1998
Journals: 1}IEEE Journal of Solid state Circuits
2}IEEE Trans. on Communications
Introduction to RF and Wireless Technology: Complexity, design and applications. Choice of Technology. Basic concepts in RF Design: Nonlinearly and Time Variance, intersymbol Interference, random processes and Noise. Definitions of sensitivity and dynamic range, conversion Gains and Distortion. Analog and Digital Modulation for RF circuits: Comparison of various techniques for power efficiency. Coherent and Non coherent defection. Mobile RF Communication systems and basics of Multiple Access techniques. Receiver and Transmitter Architectures and Testing heterodyne, Homodyne, Image-reject, Direct-IF and sub-sampled receivers. Direct Conversion and two steps transmitters. BJT and MOSFET behavior at RF frequencies Modeling of the transistors and SPICE models. Noise performance and limitation of devices. Integrated Parasitic elements at high frequencies and their monolithic implementation. Basic blocks in RF systems and their VLSI implementation : Low Noise Amplifiers design in various technologies, Design of Mixers at GHz frequency range. Various Mixers, their working and implementations, Oscillators: Basic topologies VCO and definition of phase noise. Noise-Power trade-off. Resonatorless VCO design. Quadrature and single-sideband generators, Radio Frequency Synthesizes: PLLS, Various RF synthesizer architectures and frequency dividers, Power Amplifiers design. Linearisation techniques, Design issues in integrated RF filters.
Some discussion on available CAD tools for RF VLSI designs.
Prerequisite: EE 671 and Exxx (Analog VLSI Design)
B.Razavi, RF Microelectronics, Prentice-Hall PTR,1998
The Design of CMOS Radio-Frequency Integrated Circuits",
Baker,H.W.Li, and D.E. Boyce, CMOS Circuit Design ,Layout and Simulation,
Y.P. Tsividis Mixed Analog and Digital VLSI Devices and Technology, McGraw Hill,1996
The MOS transistor: Pao-Sah and Brews models; Short channel effects in MOS transistors. Hot-carrier effects in MOS transistors; Quasi-static compact models of MOS transistors; Measurement of MOS transistor parameters; Scaling and transistors structures for ULSI; Silicon-on-insulator transistors; High-field and radiation effects in transistors.
The bipolar transistor: Ebers-Moll model; charge control model; small-signal and switching characteristics; Graded-base and graded-emitter transistors; High-current and high- frequency effects; Heterojunction bipolar transistors; Junction FETs; JFET, MESFET and heterojunction FET.
N. D. Arora, MOSFET Models for VLSI Circuit Simulation, Springer-Verlag, 1993.
E. J. Roulston, Bipolar Semiconductor Devices, McGraw-Hill, 1990.
S. M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, (2e), Wiley Eastern, 1981.
Y. P. Tsividis, Operation and Modelling of the MOS Transistor, McGraw-Hill, 1987.
E. Takeda, Hot-carrier Effects in MOS Trasistors, Academic Press, 1995.
Prerequisite: Background in Probability and Stochastic Processes and an interest in System Modeling.
Markov Chains and regenerative processes have been extensively used in modeling a wide variety of systems and phenomena. Likewise, many systems can be modeled as queueing systems with some aspect of the queue governed by a random process. Obvious examples of such systems occur in telecommunication systems, manufacturing systems and computer systems. This course is aimed at teaching system modeling using Markov chains with special emphasis on developing queueing models. The course contents are as follows.
Introduction: Review of basic probability, properties of nonnegative random variables, laws of large numbers and the Central Limit Theorem.
Renewal Processes: Basic definitions, recurrence times, rewards and renewal reward theorem, point processes, Poisson process, Walds equation, Blackwell's theorem.
Discrete time Markov chains: definitions and properties, matrix representation, Perron-Frobenius theory
Continuous time Markov chains: basic definitions, Q-matrix, birth-death processes, quasi birth death processes.
Embedded Markov processes, semi Markov processes, reversible Markov chains
Fundamental queueing results: Little's theorem, invariance of the mean delay, Conservation law
Markovian queues: Jackson and BCMP networks, numerical Algorithms.
M/G/1 & G/M/1 queues and G/G/1 queues
Advanced queueing models: priority, vacation and retrials in queues.
Stochastic Modeling and the Theory Queues, Prentice Hall,
P.Bremaud, Markov Chains, Springer-Verlag, 1999.
E.Seneta, Non Negative Matrices and Markov Chains, Springer
Series in Statistics, Springer,
R.Gallager, Discrete Stochastic Processes, Kluwer Academic Press, 1996.
L.Kleinrock, Queueing Systems} vols I and II, John Wiley and Sons 1976.
Introduction. static and dynamic optimization. Parameter optimization.
Caculus of Variations : problems of Lagrange,. Mayer and Bolza. Euler-Language equation and transversality conditions, Lagrange multipiliers.
Pontryagins maximum principle; theory; application to minimum time, energy and control effort problems, and terminal control problem.
Dynamic programming : Belamans principle of optimality, multistage decision processes. application to optimal control.
Linear regulator problem : matrix Riccati equation and its solution, tracking problem.
Computational methods in optimal control. application of mathematical programming. singular perturbations, practical examples.
D.E.Kirk, Optimal Control Theory, Prentice-Hall. 1970.
A.P.Sage and C.C.White II, Optimum Systems Control, 2nd ED., Prentice-Hall, 1977.
D.Tabak and B.C.Kuo, Optimal Control by Mathematical Programming, Prentice-Hall, 1971.
B.D.O. Anderson and J.B.Moore, Linear Optimal Control, Prentice-Hall, 1971.
This course has been initiated to introduce students to biosensors and microfabricated systems for biosensing, primarily on silicon, so that they
get on with their seminars and projects in these areas. The focus of this
course would be to acquaint students to device structures, analysis of the
structures to obtain device characteristics and finally approaches to design
and test of these devices and systems. Pre-requisite: Introductory courses on
device physics & differential equations. If a first level course on devices
has not been taken, students should get an introduction to the area by reading
a book such as `Semiconductor Devices: Physics & Technology` by SM Sze
Sze John Wiley, Semiconductor Devices: Physics & Technology` by,
Gad-el-Hak (R), MEMS handbook` CRC Press,
P.F.Turner, Isao Karube and George S. Wilson, `Biosensors :fundamentals and
applications` , Oxford University Press,
Middelhoek & SA Audet , `Silicon sensors`, Academic Press Limited,
Sandana. `Engineering biosensors: kinetics and design applications`, Academic
Voet & JG Voet , `Biochemistry`, J Wiley & Sons,
Brief introduction to human physiology. Biomedical transducers: displacement, velocity, force, acceleration, flow, temperature, potential, dissolved ions and gases.
Bioelectrodes and biopotential amplifiers for ECG, EMG, EEG, etc. Measurement of blood temperature, pressure and flow. Impedance plethysmography. Ultrsonic and nuclear imaging.
Prostheses and aids: pacemakers, defibrilla-tors, heart-lung machine, artificial kidney, aids for the handicapped. Safety aspects.
W.F. Ganong, Review of Medical Physiology, 8th Asian Ed, Medical Publishers, 1977.
J.G. Websster, ed., Medical Instrumentation, Houghton Mifflin, 1978.
A.M. Cook and J.G. Webster, eds., Therapeutic Medical Devices, Prentice-Hall, 1982.
Philosophy of digital and microprocessor/microcontroller based instruments.
Time measurement techniques : Time standards; Measurement of time interval between events, order of events, Vernier technique, Very low time, period, phase, time constant measurements;
Frequency measurement techniques : Frequency, ratio and product, high and low frequency measurements; Deviation meter and tachometer, Peak/valley recorder.
Programmable circuits : Programmmable resistors, amplifiers, filters.
Digital to Analog Converters: Programmable amplifiers as DACs, Multi-stage WR DACs, Weighted current-, weighted reference voltage-, weighted charge-DACs; Ladder DACs, Design of DACs with respect to spread and total resistance; Hybrid multiplier and divider.
Analog to Digital Converters: V/f and V/t converters, Direct ADCs, ramp, tracking, dual slope, successive approximation and flash types; Multi-stage flash type ADCs, DVM and its design.
Voltage ratio measurement techniques : Digital ohmmeter, capacitance meter; impedance meters (polar and cartesin types); Decibel meters; Q meter tan-delta meter; Modulation index meter.
Sampling theory and its applications in current, voltage, power, energy measurements.
Elements of digital signal processing : FFT, DHT, digital filters.
Rathore, Digital Measurement Techniques, Narosa Publishing House,
B. S. Sonde, Monographs on System Design using Integrated Circuits, Tata Mc-Graw Hill, 1974.
DeFatta, J. G.
Lucas and W.
Formulation of network equations: Nodal, mesh, modified nodal and hybrid analysis equations.
Sparse matrix techniques; Solution of nonlinear networks through Newton-Raphson technique.
Multistep methods: convergence and stability; Special classes of multistep methods: Adams-bashforth, Adams-Moulton and Gear's methods; Solution of stiff systems of equations; Adaptation of multistep methods to the solution of electrical networks; General purpose circuit simulators.
Review of semiconductor equations (Poisson, continuity, drift-diffusion, trap rate). Finite difference formulation of these equations in 1D and 2D. Grid generation.
Physical/empirical models of semiconductor parameters (mobility, lifetime, band gap, etc.).
Computation of characteristics of simple devices (p-n junction, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, etc.); Small-signal analysis.
L.O.Chua and P.M.Lin, Computer aided analysis and electronic circuits, Prentice Hall, 1975.
S. Selberherr, Analysis and Simulation of Semiconductor Devices, Springer-Verlag, 1984.
N.J. McCalla, Fundamentals of Computer Aided Circuit Simulation, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988.
Vector spaces, linear dependence, basis; Representation of linear transformations with respect to a basis.
Inner product spaces, Hilbert spaces, linear functions; Riesz representation theorem and adjoints.
Orthogonal projections, products of projections, orthogonal direct sums; Unitary and orthogonal transformations, complete orthonormal sets and Parseval's identity; Closed subspaces and the projection theorem for Hilbert spaces.
algebra of polynomials, matrix polynomials, annihilating polynomials and invariant subspaces,
Applications: Complementary orthogonal spaces in networks, properties of graphs and their relation to vector space properties of their matrix representations; Solution of state equations in linear system theory; Relation between the rational and Jordan forms.
Numerical linear algebra: Direct and iterative methods of solutions of linear equations; Matrices, norms, complete metric spaces and complete normal linear spaces (Banach spaces); Least squares problems (constrained and unconstrained); Eigenvalue problem.
Hoffman and R. Kunze, Linear Algebra, Prentice-Hall (
and C.F. Van Loan, Matrix Computations,
G. Bachman and L. Narici, Functional Analysis, Academic Press, 1966.
E.Kreyszig, ntroductory functional analysis with applications John Wiley, 1978.
Basic iterative methods for solutions of linear systems and their rates of convergence. Generalized conjugate gradient, Krylov space and Lanczos methods. Iterative methods for symmetric, non-symmetric and generalized eigenvalue problems. Singular value decompositions. Fast computations for structured matrices. Polynomial matrix computations. Perturbation bounds for eigenvalues.
Owe Axelsson, Iterative solution methods. Cambridge.1994.
G. Meurant: Computer solution of large linear systems. North Holland, 1999.
Golub and C. Van Loan: Matrix computations. John Hopkins Press 1996.
G. W. Stewart and J. Sun: Matrix perturbation theory. Academic press,1990.
Introduction to linear least square estimation : a geometric approach.Wiener filter, Levinson filter, updating QR filter and the Kalman filter.Filter implementation structures : lattice, ladder and the systolic QR.Stochastic realization theory (modelling given the covariance). Modelling given the raw data. Spectral estimation.
Recursive least squares identification algorithms: Levinson-type, Kalman-type and the QR-type.
U.B. Desai, Lecture notes on estimation realization and identification, Unpublished, 1986.
B.D.O Anderson and J.B. Moore, Optimal Filtering, Prentice-Hall, 1979.
T. Kailath, Lecture notes on Wiener and Kalman Filtering, Springer Verlag, 1980.
L. Ljung, System Identificaiton Theory for the user, Prentice-Hall, 1987.
P.S. Maybeck, Stochastic Models, Estimation and Control, Vols. 1-3, Academic Press, 1980-1982.
Examples of multivariable control systems. State space, polynomial and stable fraction models. Controllability, observability and computations involved in their analysis. Realization theory of multivariable systems and algorithms. Stability by Lyapunov's method, solution of Lyapunov equations. Pole placement, observer design and stabilization theory.Spectral factorizations of systems. Solution of the Ricatti equation.Balanced realizations and their computations.
C.T.Chen : Linear system theory and design, 3rd edition, Oxford 1999.
John Bay : Fundamentals of linear state space systems, McGraw Hill, 1998.
Wilson Rugh : Linear system theory, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall, 1996.
Basics of finite fields: Groups, rings, fields, polynomials, field extensions, characterization of finite fields, roots of irreducible polynomials, traces, norms, bases, roots of unity, cyclotomic polynomials, representation of elements of finite fields, Wedderburn's theorem, order of polynomials, primitive polynomials, construction of irreducible polynomials, linearized polynomials, binomials, trinomials.
Applications to algebraic coding theory: Linear codes, cyclic codes, Goppa codes.
Rudolf Lidl & Harald
Niederreiter, Finite Fields,
Steven Roman, Coding and Information Theory, Springer Verlag, 1992.
R. Lidl and H. Niederreiter, Introduction to finite fields and their applications, Cambridge University Press, 1986, Chapters 1-3 and 8.
Review of principles of power system protection: over-current, directional, differential and distance protection. Reactancce, impedances and mho relays numerical relays: motivation, basic hardware. Review of digital signal processing techniques: sampling, aliasing, courier, discrete Fourier transforms and fast Fourier transforms. Numerical algorithms, CT/PT modelling and standards, simulation of transients, electromagnetic transient program (EMTP).
J.L. Blackburn, Protective Relaying : Principles and Applications, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987.
A.G. Phadke and J.S. Thorp, Computer Relaying for Power Systems, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1988.
Review of line commutated converters, inverters, voltage control & Power factor improvement. power Devices : BJT, MOSFET, IGBT & GTOs - operating characteristics and gate drive requirements and circuits. Switched - mode rectifier: various Power circuit configurations & wave shaping techniques. Synchronous link rectifiers: Power circuit configurations, control techniques, application of these converters in load compensation, series compensators, multi level converters. inverters : voltage source inverters:- single phase & Six step inverters, voltage control & PWM strategies,and implementation aspects, Modification of power circuit for Four quadrant operation. Current source inverters: single phase and three phase power circuit configuration and analysis. Load commutated inverters: principle of operation, modification of power circuit configuration for low frequency operation. Phase Controllers.
N.Mohan,T.M. Undeland & W.P.Robbins, Power Electronics: Converter, Applications & Design, John Wiley & Sons, 1989.
M.H. Rashid, Power Electronics, Prentice Hall of India, 1994.
B.K.Bose, Power Electronics & A.C. Drives, Prentice Hall, 1986.
DC- DC, Converters - principle of operation of buck, boost, buck-boost, Cuk, flyback, forward, push-pull, half bridge, full bridge & isolated Cuk Converters, Input & output filter design, multi-output operation of isolated converters, MMF equations. Design of transformers and inductors.
Modelling of the above converters using state averaging techniques.Resonant Inverters : DC link Inverters, modified circuit topologies for DC link voltage clamping, voltage control - PWM techniques (sigma, sigma - delta modulation) quasi resonant inverters. DC-DC converters - series resonant and parallel resonant, application of zero voltage and zero current switchings for DC-DC converters (buck & boost).
Inverters for Induction Heating and UPS.
N.Mohan, T.M. Undeland & W.P.Robbins, Power Electronics: Converter, Applications & Design, John Wiley & Sons, 1989.
R. Bausiere & G. Seguier, Power Electronic Converters, Springer- Verlag, 1987.
D.M.Mitchell, DC-DC Switching Regulator Analysis McGraw Hill, 1987.
Loadflow for AC systems, fast decoupled load flow, optimal power flow.
Z - matrix for short circuit studies.
State estimation, LO algorithm, fast decoupled state estimation.
Security and contingency studies. Unit Commitment. Load frequency control.
Optimal hydro-thermal scheduling. AI applications.
O.I.Elgerd, Electric Energy Systems Theory, McGraw Hill, 1971.
G.W.Stagg and A.H.El-Abiad, Computer Methods in Power System Analysis, McGraw Hill 1968.
G.L.Kusic, Computer Aided Power Systems Analysis, Prentice Hall, 1986.
I.J.Nagrath and D.P.Kothari, Modern Power Systems Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, 1980.
A.J.Wood and B.F.Wollenberg, Power Generation, Operation and Control, John Wiley, 1984.
Principle of unified machine theory, generalized torque equation. Performance evaluation of DC machine and speed control. Three phase induction motor- transformation methods, (stationary, rotor and synchronous frames) and corresponding equivalent circuits. Three Phase synchronous motor : representation, Park transformation. Drives, various Control techniques.
Concept of Space vector, field oriented control and direct torque control of IM. Permanent magnet synchronous motors- machine model (d-q) and control methods
Switched reluctance motor drive and various power circuit configurations and control.
C.V. Jones, The Unified Theory of Electrical Machines, Butterworth, London, 1967
P.Vas, Vector Control of A.C. Machines, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1990.
J.M.D. Murphy & F.G. Turnbull, Power Electronic Control of AC motors, Pergamon Press, 1988
W. Leonhard, Control of Electrical Drives, Springer Verlag, 1985.
P.C. Krause, Analysis of Electric Machinery, McGraw Hill, New York, 1987
Methods of DC motor control, non-regenerative controlled rectifiers, fully controlled converters, field control, switching systems for DC motors, chopper regulators, aspects of analysis, performance and stability of variable speed dc drives.
Induction motor control systems, ac regulators and static switches, control of effective rotor resistance, recovery of slip energy, variable frequency control of ac motors, current source inverter fed Induction motor drive, forced commutated inverter fed drives, self-controlled synchronous motor drives and traction drives. Analysis, performance and stability of synchronous and asynchronous drives. solar and battery powered drives.
W. Leonhard, Control of Electric Drives, Springer Verlag, 1985.
Vector Control of ac Machines, Clarendon press,
S.K.Pillai, Analysis of Thyristor Power Conditioned Motors, University Press, 1992.
G.K.Dubey, Fundamentals of Electrical Drives, Narosa Publications, 1995.
Basic Concepts of dynamical systems and stability. Modelling of power system components for stability studies: generators, transmission lines, excitation and prime mover controllers, flexible AC transmission (FACTS) controllers.
Analysis of single machine and multi-machine systems. Small signal angle instability (low frequency oscillations): damping and synchronizing torque analysis, eigenvalue analysis.
Mitigation using power system stabilizers and supplementary modulation control of FACTS devices. Small signal angle instability (sub-synchronous frequency oscillations): analysis and counter-measures. Transient Instability: Analysis using digital simulation and energy function method. Transient stability controllers. Introduction to voltage Instability. Analysis of voltage Instability.
P.Kundur, Power System Stability and Control, McGraw Hill Inc, New York, 1995.
P.Sauer & M.A.Pai, Power System Dynamics & Stability, Prentice Hall, 1997.
K.R.Padiyar Power System Dynamics, Stability & Control, Interline Publishers, Bangalore, 1996.
Motivation. mathematical review , matrix factorizations, sets and sequences, convex sets and functions, linear programming and simplex method, Weierstrass' theorem, Karush Kuhn Tucker optimality conditions, algorithms, convergence, unconstrained optimization, Line search methods, method of multidimensional search, steepest descent methods, Newton's method, modifications to Newton's method , trust region methods, conjugate gradient methods, quasi-Newton's methods. constrained optimization, penalty and barrier function methods, augmented Lagrangian methods, polynomial time algorithm for linear programming, successive linear programming, successive quadratic programming.
R. Fletcher Practical Optimization (2nd Edition) John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1987.
M.S.Bazaraa , H.D.Sherali and C.Shetty , Nonlinear Programming, Theory and
Algorithms, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1993.
Steady state and dynamic problems in AC systems. Flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS). Principles of series and shunt compensation. Description of static var compensators (SVC), Thyristor Controlled series compensators (TCSC), Static phase shifters (SPS), Static condenser (STATCON), Static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) and Unified power flow controller (UPFC). Modelling and Analysis of FACTS controllers. Control strategies to improve system stability.
Power Quality problems in distribution systems, harmonics, harmonics creating loads, modelling, harmonic propagation, Series and parallel resonances, harmonic power flow, Mitigation of harmonics, filters, passive filters, Active filters, shunt, series hybrid filters, voltage sags & swells, voltage flicker. Mitigation of power quality problems using power electronic conditioners. IEEE standards.
G.T. Heydt, Power Quality, Stars in a Circle Publications, Indiana, 1991.
T.J.E. Miller, Static Reactive Power Compensation, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1982.
Recent publications on Power Systems and Power Delivery.
Introduction to semiconductor Physics: Review of quantum mechanics, Electrons in periodic lattices, E-k diagrams, Quasiparticles in semiconductors, electrons, holes and phonons. Boltzmann transport equation and solution in the presence of low electric and magnetic fields - mobility and diffusivity; Carrier statistics; Continuity equation, Poisson's equation and their solution; High field effects: velocity saturation, hot carriers and avalanche breakdown.
Semiconductor junctions: Schottky, homo- and hetero-junction band diagrams and I-V characteristics, and small signal switching models; Two terminal and surface states devices based on semiconductor junctions.
MOS structures: Semiconductor surfaces; Theideal and nonideal MOS capacitor band diagrams and CVs; Effects of oxide charges, defects and interface states; Characterization of MOS capacitors: HF and LF CVs, avalanche injection; High field effects and breakdown.
Characterization of semi conductors: Four probe and Hall measurement; CVs for dopant profile characterization; Capacitance transients and DLTS.
J. P. McKelvey, introduction to Solid State and Semiconductor Physics, Harper and Row and John Weathe Hill, 1966.
E. H. Nicollian and J. R. Brews, MOS Physics and Technology, John Wiley, 1982.
K. K. Ng, Complete Guide to Semiconductor Devices, McGraw Hill, 1995.
D.K. Schroder, Seminconductor Material and Device Characterization, John Wiley, 1990.
S. M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2nd edition John Wiley, 1981.
C. T. Sah, Fundamentals of Solid-State Electronic Devices, Allied Publishers and World Scientific, 1991.
E. F. Y. Waug, Introduction to Solid State Electronics North Holland, 1980.
Basic device models: Theory of bipolar and MOS transistors. Small-signal models of bipolar and MOS transistors, Gummel-Poon model.
High current effects in diodes: Dependence of lifetime on high-level injection, non-uniform current distribution under high current injection.
Power biploar transistors: Onset of high-current effects in transistors; Theories of Kirk effect, crowding, pinch-in effects, second breakdown, etc; Emitter geometries for high current and HF operation.
SCR : Theories of operation; Relation between shorted emitter and dv/dt ratings; Gate turn-off devices, inverter grade SCRs, special diffusion techniques for SCRs. Power VMOS devices.
Heat transfer in power devices; Power MOS devices : VMOS & DMOS device structure and models; device packaging.
S.M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2nd ed., Wiley, 1981.
Basics of system hardware design. Hierarchical design using top-down and bottom-up methodology. System partitioning techniques, interfacing between system components. Handling multiple clock domains, Synchronous and asynchronous design styles. Interface between synchronous and asynchronous blocks. Meta-stability and techniques for handling it. Interfacing linear and digital systems, data conversion circuits. Design of finite state machines, state assignment strategies. Design and optimization of pipelined stages. Use of data flow graphs, Critical path analysis, retiming and scheduling strategies for performance enhancement. Implementation of DSP algorithms.Signal integrity and high speed behaviour of interconnects: ringing, cross talk and ground bounce. Layout strategies at IC and board level for local and global signals.Power supply decoupling.
Test strategies: Border Scan, Built In Self Test and signature analysis.
Jan M. Rabaey, "Digital Integrated Circuits", Prentice Hall of India, (New Delhi), 1997.
M.J.S. Smith, "Application Specific Integrated Circuits", Addison Wesley (Reading, MA), 1999
Vijay K. Madisetti, "VLSI Digital Signal Processing", IEEE Press (NY, USA), 1995.
Environment for VLSI Technology : Clean room and safety requirements. Wafer cleaning processes and wet chemical etching techniques.
Impurity incorporation : Solid State diffusion modelling and technology; Ion Implantation modelling, technology and damage annealing; characterisation of Impurity profiles.
Oxidation : Kinetics of Silicon dioxide growth both for thick, thin and ultrathin films. Oxidation technologies in VLSI and ULSI; Characterisation of oxide films; High k and low k dielectrics for ULSI.
Lithography : Photolithography, E-beam lithography and newer lithography techniques for VLSI/ULSI; Mask generation.
Chemical Vapour Deposition techniques : CVD techniques for deposition of polysilicon, silicon dioxide, silicon nitride and metal films; Epitaxial growth of silicon; modelling and technology.
Metal film deposition : Evaporation and sputtering techniques. Failure mechanisms in metal interconnects; Multi-level metallisation schemes.
Plasma and Rapid Thermal Processing: PECVD, Plasma etching and RIE techniques; RTP techniques for annealing, growth and deposition of various films for use in ULSI.
Process integration for NMOS, CMOS and Bipolar circuits; Advanced MOS technologies.
C.Y. Chang and S.M.Sze (Ed), ULSI Technology, McGraw Hill Companies Inc, 1996.
S.K. Ghandhi, VLSI Fabrication Principles, John Wiley Inc., New York, 1983.
S.M. Sze (Ed), VLSI Technology, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill, 1988.
Review of MOS transistor models. CMOS logic families including static, dynamic and dual rail logic. Integrated Circuit Layout: Design Rules, Parasitics. Building blocks: ALU's, FIFO's, counters. VLSI system design: data and control path design, floorplanning, Design methodology: Introduction to hardware description languages (VHDL), logic, circuit and layout verification. Design examples.
N. Weste and K. Eshranghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI Design, Addison Wesley. 1985
L. Glaser and D. Dobberpuhl, The Design and Analysis of VLSI Circuits, Addison Wesley, 1985
C. Mead and L. Conway, Introduction to VLSI Systems, Addison Wesley, 1979.
J. Rabaey, Digital Integrated Circuits: A Design Perspective, Prentice Hall India, 1997.
D. Perry, VHDL, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill International, 1995.
Laboratory experiments on technology, characterization, design and simulation of devices and integrated circuits, based on courses EE 677, 661, 669 and 632.
Fabrication of MOS capacitors and junction diodes. Characterization of MOS capacitors by C-V and I-V. Characterization of photovoltaic cells. Process simulation. Circuit and timing simulation. Design of standard cell and gate array based circuits and their simulation. Computer-aided testing of integrated circuits.
E.H. Nicollia and J.R. Brews, MOS physics and technology, John Wiley, 1982.
W.R. Runyan, Semiconductor measurements and Instrumentationm, McGraw Hill, 1975.
S.M. Sze, VLSI Technology, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill, 1988.
This is a laboratory based on computer simulation and hardware experiments consisting of computer simulation experiments on power systems and power electronics and hardware experiments on power electronics.
-- Review of microcontrollers and digital signal processors, architecture,
-- Typical processors for control implementation: memory organisation, CPU details, addressing modes, interrupt structure, hardware multiplier,
-- Fixed- and floating-point data representations.
-- Assemblers, linkers and loaders. Binary file formats for processor executable files. Typical structure of timer-interrupt driven programs.
-- Implementing digital processor based control systems for power electronics: Reference frame transformations, PLL implementations, machine
models, harmonic and reactive power compensation, space vector PWM.
-- Numerical integration methods.
-- Multitasking concepts for power electronics implementations: The need for multitasking, various multitasking methods.
1. K Ogata, "Discrete-Time Control Systems", second edition, Pearson
2. N. Mohan, "Power Electronics", third edition, John Wiley and Sons.
Matrices: Linear dependence of vectors, solution of linear equations, bases of vector spaces, orthogonality, complementary orthogonal spaces and solution spaces of linear equations.
Graphs: representation of graphs using matrices; Paths, connectedness; circuits, cutsets, trees; Fundamental circuit and cutset matrices; Voltage and current spaces of a directed graph and their complementary orthogonality.
Algorithms and data structures: efficient representation of graphs; Elementary graph algorithms involving bfs and dfs trees, such as finding connected and 2- connected components of a graph, the minimum spanning tree, shortest path between a pair of vertices in a graph; Data structures such as stacks, linked lists and queues, binary trees and heaps. Time and space complexity of algorithms.
K. Hoffman and R.E. Kunze, Linear Algebra, Prentice Hall (India), 1986
N.Balabanian and T.A. Bickart, Linear Network Theory : Analysis, Properties, Design and Synthesis, Matrix Publishers, Inc., 1981.
T.Cormen, C.Leiserson and R.A.Rivest, Algorithms, MIT Press and McGraw-Hill, 1990.
Introduction to time frequency analysis; the how, what and why about wavelets.
Short-time Fourier transform, Wigner-Ville transform.
Continuous time wavelet transform, Discrete wavelet transform, tiling of the time-frequency plane and wavepacket analysis.
Construction of wavelets. Multiresolution analysis. Introduction to frames and biorthogonal wavelets.
Multirate signal processing and filter bank theory.
Application of wavelet theory to signal denoising, image and video compression, multi-tone digital communication, transient detection.
Y.T. Chan, Wavelet Basics, Kluwer Publishers, Boston, 1993.
I. Daubechies, Ten Lectures on Wavelets, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Philadelphia, PA, 1992.
C. K. Chui, An Introduction to Wavelets, Academic Press Inc., New York, 1992.
Gerald Kaiser, A Friendly Guide to Wavelets, Birkhauser, New York, 1995.
P. P. Vaidyanathan, Multirate Systems and Filter Banks, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1993.
A.N. Akansu and R.A. Haddad, Multiresolution signal Decomposition: Transforms, Subbands and Wavelets, Academic Press, Oranld, Florida, 1992.
B.Boashash, Time-Frequency signal analysis, In S.Haykin, (editor), Advanced Spectral Analysis, pages 418--517. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1991.
Speech production and acoustic phonetics, speech perception.
Speech analysis: time and frequency domain techniques for pitch and formant estimation, cepstral and LPC analysis.
Speech synthesis: articulatory, formant, and LPC synthesis, voice response and text-to-speech systems.
Applications: data compression, vocoders, speech enhancement, speech recognition, speaker recognition, aids for the speech and hearing impairments.
D O'Shaughnessy, Speech Communication: Human and Machine, Addison Wesley, 1987.
L R Rabiner and RW Schafer, Digital Processing of Speech Signals, Prentice Hall, 1978.
JL Flanagan, Speech Analysis, Synthesis, and Perception, Springer Verlag, 1972.
Review of Principles of power system protection: overcurrent, directional, differential and distance protection. Review of sequence networks & short circuit analysis.
Relay coordination: Overcurrent & distance relay coordination.
Introduction to current transformer & potential transformer. Standards, affect on relaying philosophy.
Introduction to computer aided relaying, motivation, basic hardware, digital signal processing aspects; Sampling, aliasing, antialiasing filter, Founer & discrete fourier transform recursive DFT, half cycle and full cycle algorithm. Estimation of phasors & frequency.
Algorithms for transmission line, transformer & bus bar protection; out-of-step relaying Introduction to adaptive relaying & wide area measurements.
Need for HVDC, AC vs. DC: Comparative advantages. Converters and their characteristics. Control of the converters (CC and CEA).
Parallel and series operation of converters. Equivalence of a dc system in an ac system. Per unit systems. AC-DC load flow analysis.
K.R. Padiyar, HVDC Power Transmission Systems, Wiley eastern Ltd. 1990.
I. Arillaga, C.P. Arnold and B.J. Haskar, Computer Modelling of Electrical Power Systems, John Wiley, 1993.
Papers form IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, and Power Systems
Switchgear installation and criteria for selection. Circuit breaker ratings, principles of a-c circuit breaking. RRRV and recovery voltage and their control. Current chopping. Switching of capacitive currents. Kilometric faults.Resistance switching. D-C current interruption.
Principles of fusegear. Salient features and characteristics of different arc interrupting media -- air, oil, air-blast, SF6, and vacuum.
The electric arc and circuit -breaker. Establishing an arc, discharge characteristic of arc, long arc, short arc, energy transfer between electric field and the arc column, energy transfer out of the column.
Theories of arc interruption - restriking voltage and energy balance theories and their applications.
C. H. Flurscheim, ed., Power Circuit Breaker Theory and Design, Peter Peregrinus Ltd., 1976.
K. Regaller ed., Current Interruption in High Voltage Networks, Plenum Press, 1978.
Historical Background: Silicon Pressure sensors, Micromachining, MicroElectroMechanical Systems
Microfabrication and Micromachining : Integrated Circuit Processes, Bulk Micromachining : Isotropic Etching and Anisotropic Etching, Wafer Bonding, High Aspect-Ratio Processes (LIGA)
Physical Microsensors : Classification of physical sensors, Integrated, Intelligent, or Smart sensors, Sensor Principles and Examples : Thermal sensors, Electrical Sensors, Mechanical Sensors, Chemical and Biosensors
Microactuators : Electromagnetic and Thermal microactuation, Mechanical design of microactuators, Microactuator examples, microvalves, micropumps, micromotors-Microactuator systems : Success Stories, Ink-Jet printer heads, Micro-mirror TV Projector
Surface Micromachining: One or two sacrificial layer processes, Surface micromachining requirements, Polysilicon surface micromachining, Other compatible materials, Silicon Dioxide, Silicon Nitride, Piezoelectric materials, Surface Micromachined Systems : Success Stories, Micromotors, Gear trains, Mechanisms
Application Areas: All-mechanical miniature devices, 3-D electromagnetic actuators and sensors, RF/Electronics devices, Optical/Photonic devices, Medical devices e.g. DNA-chip, micro-arrays.
(two groups will work on one of the following design project as a part of the course)
RF/Electronics device/system, Optical/Photonic device/system, Medical device e.g. DNA-chip, micro-arrays.
Stephen D. Senturia, "Microsystem Design" by, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001.
Marc Madou, Fundamentals of Microfabrication by, CRC Press, 1997.Gregory Kovacs, Micromachined Transducers Sourcebook WCB McGraw-Hill, Boston, 1998.
M.-H. Bao, Micromechanical Transducers: Pressure sensors, accelrometers, and gyroscopes by Elsevier, New York, 2000.
Imaging model and geometry: scene radiance and image irradiance, reflectance model of a surface, Lambertian and specular reflectance, photometric stereo.
Ill-posedness of vision problems: regularization theory.
Shape from shading, structured light and texture. Optical flow, structure from motion and recursive motion analysis. Stereo vision and correspondence problem.
Depth analysis using real-aperture camera: depth from defocused images.
MRF approach to early vision problems:(shape from shading, matching, stereo and motion), Image texture analysis.
Introduction to image understanding.
Integrated vision, sensor fusion.
B. K. P. Horn, Robot Vision, MIT Press, 1986.
D. Marr, Vision, Freeman and Co., San Francisco, 1982.
S. Chaudhuri and A. N. Rajagopalan, Depth from Defocused Images, Springer Verlag, NY, 1999.Selected Papers.
Examples of analog pulse and digital transmission systems.
Performance analysis of analog and pulse modulation systems.
Role and review of probability theory and stochastic processes in digital message transmission.
Principles of detection theory: Binary and m-ary hypothesis testing. Bayes' likelihood ratio test.
Performance analysis of digital communication systems.
Spectrum of digital signals: Spectral efficiency of digital communication systems; Nyquist pulse shaping.
Correlative coding schemes.
Synchronization techniques. Carrier, bit and frame synchronization schemes.
Wozencraft J.M. and Jacobs I.M., Principles of Communication Engineering, John Wiley, 1965.
Carlson A., Communication Systems, 3rd ed., McGraw Hill, 1986.
Van Trees H.L., Detection Estimation and Modulation Theory, Vol. 1., Wiley, 1968.
Proakis J.J., Digital Communications, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill, 1989.
Blahut R.F., Digital transmission of Information, Addison Wesley 1990.
Benedetto S., Biglieri E. and Castellari V., Digital Transmission Theory, Prentice Hall, 1987.
Introduction: Biological neurons and memory: Structure and function of a single neuron; Artificial Neural Networks (ANN); Typical applications of ANNs : Classification, Clustering, Vector Quantization, Pattern Recognition, Function Approximation, Forecasting, Control, Optimization; Basic Approach of the working of ANN - Training, Learning and Generalization.
Supervised Learning: Single-layer networks; Perceptron-Linear separability, Training algorithm, Limitations; Multi-layer networks-Architecture, Back Propagation Algorithm (BTA) and other training algorithms, Applications. Adaptive Multi-layer networks-Architecture, training algorithms; Recurrent Networks; Feed-forward networks; Radial-Basis-Function (RBF)
Unsupervised Learning: Winner-takes-all networks; Hamming networks; Maxnet; Simple competitive learning; Vector-Quantization; Counter propagation networks; Adaptive Resonance Theory; Kohonen's Self-organizing Maps; Principal Component Analysis.
Associated Models: Hopfield Networks, Brain-in-a-Box network; Boltzmann machine.
Optimization Methods: Hopfield Networks for-TSP, Solution of simultaneous linear equations; Iterated Gradient Descent; Simulated Annealing; Genetic Algorithm.
K. Mehrotra, C.K. Mohan and Sanjay Ranka, Elements of Artificial Neural Networks, MIT Press, 1997 - [Indian Reprint Penram International Publishing (India), 1997]
Simon Haykin, Neural Networks - A Comprehensive Foundation, Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, 1994.
A Cichocki and R. Unbehauen, Neural Networks for Optimization and Signal Processing, John Wiley and Sons, 1993.
J. M. Zurada, Introduction to Artificial Neural Networks, (Indian edition) Jaico Publishers, Mumbai, 1997.
Theory: Introduction to Unix; Circuit simulation using SPICE, application of SPICE for analog design. Timing simulation with IRSIM, Design of static and dynamic digital circuits with IRSIM. Layout of integrated circuits. Use of the layout tool MAGIC for analog and digital integrated circuits.
Laboratory: Tutorials on UNIX and vi. Tutorials and design exercises on linear circuit design with SPICE; Tutorial and exercises on digital design and timing analysis using IRSIM; Tutorials and exercises on IC layout using MAGIC; Group projects on design, analysis and layout of integrated circuits.
R. Thomas and J. Yates, A User Guide to the Unix System, McGraw Hill International, 1985.
N.Weste and K. Eshraghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI, 2e, Design, Addision Wesley, 1992.
Introduction to computer communication networks and layered architecture overview. Packet switching and Fast packet switching.
Point to Point Protocols and links: ARQ retransmission strategies. Selective repeat ARQ. Framing and standard Data Link Control protocol-HDLC, SDLC, LAPD. Queuing models in
Multiaccess Communication and multiple access protocols:
ALOHA, slotted ALOHA, CSMA, CSMD/CD. Performance modelling and analysis.
Local Area Networks: Ethernet, Token Ring and FDDI. Design and analysis.
Internetworking issues: Bridges, Routers and Switched networks. Routing and Flow Control algorithms in data networks.
Broadband Networks: ATM, Frame relay and Gigabit Ethernet. Traffic Management in ATM networks.
R G Gallager and D Bertsekas, Data Networks, Prentice Hall of India, 1992.
J F Hayes, Modelling and Analysis of Computer Communication Networks, Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, 1984.
W Stallings, Data and Computer Communications, Prentice Hall of India, 1997.
R Rom and M Sidi, Multiple Access Protocols, Springer Verlag, 1990.
M DePrycker, ATM-solutions for Broadband ISDN, Prentice Hall of USA, 1995.
Mutual information, entropy for discrete ensembles; Shannon's noiseless coding theorem; Encoding of discrete sources.
Markov sources; Shannon's noisy coding theorem and converse for discrete channels; Calculation of channel capacity and bounds for discrete channels; Application to continuous channels.Techniques of coding and decoding; Huffman codes and uniquely detectable codes; Cyclic codes, convolutional arithmetic codes.
N. Abramson, Information and Coding, McGraw Hill, 1963.
M. Mansurpur, Introduction to Information Theory, McGraw Hill, 1987.
R.B. Ash, Information Theory, Prentice Hall, 1970.
Shu Lin and D.J. Costello Jr., Error Control Coding, Prentice Hall, 1983.
Scope of testing and verification in VLSI design process. Issues in test and verification of complex chips, embedded cores and SOCs.
Fundamentals of VLSI testing. Fault models. Automatic test pattern generation. Design for testability. Scan design. Test interface and boundary scan. System testing and test for SOCs. Iddq testing. Delay fault testing. BIST for testing of logic and memories. Test automation.
Design verification techniques based on simulation, analytical and formal approaches. Functional verification. Timing verification. Formal verification. Basics of equivalence checking and model
checking. Hardware emulation.
M. Bushnell and V. D. Agrawal, "Essentials of Electronic Testing for Digital, Memory and Mixed-Signal VLSI Circuits", Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000.
M. Abramovici, M. A. Breuer and A. D. Friedman, "Digital Systems Testing and Testable Design", IEEE Press, 1990.
T.Kropf, "Introduction to Formal Hardware Verification", Springer Verlag, 2000.
P. Rashinkar, Paterson and L. Singh, "System-on-a-Chip Verification-Methodology and Techniques", Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001.
Sparse Matrices, applications in electrical engineering, data structures, linear system solvers, ordering: Markowitz criterion, minimum degree & minimum deficiency ordering for sparse symmetric positive definite matrices, enhancements to MDA, sparse indefinite linear system solvers, eigen value computation, sparse matrix optimization, applications in power systems: state estimation, load flow & optimal power flow
Golub and Van Loan Matrix Computations John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 2nd Edition 1989.
Duff, Erisman & Reid, Direct Method for Sparse Matrices Clarendon Press Oxford, 1986.
The concept of embedded systems design. Embedded microcontroller cores, embedded memories. Examples of embedded systems.
Technological aspects of embedded systems: interfacing between analog and digital blocks, signal conditioning, digital signal processing. sub-system interfacing, interfacing with external systems, user interfacing. Design trade offs due to process compatibility, thermal considerations, etc.
Software aspects of embedded systems: real time programming languages and operating systems for embedded systems.
J.W. Valvano, "Embedded Microcomputor System: Real Time Interfacing", Brooks/Cole, 2000.
Jack Ganssle, "The Art of Designing Embedded Systems", Newnes, 1999.
Madisetti, "VLSI Digital Signal
Processing", IEEE Press (NY,
David Simon, "An Embedded Software Primer", Addison Wesley, 2000.
K.J. Ayala, "The 8051 Microcontroller: Architecture, Programming, and Applications", Penram Intl, 1996.
Formulation of network equations : Nodal, Mesh, Modified Nodal and Sparse Tableau Analysis, Sparse matrix techniques, solution of nonlinear equations by Newton_Raphson method, Multistep methods : Convergence and stability, special classes of multistep methods, Adaptation of multi-step methods to the solution of electrical networks, general-purpose circuit simulators, Introduction to machine modeling : induction, DC, and synchronous machines, Simulation of three-phase converters: fundamentals of switching behaviour, space vector representation, modulation methods. Interaction between power electronic converters and rotating machines. Power electronic converters in power distribution systems, DC to DC converters.
L.O. Chua and P.M. Lin, "Computer-aided analysis of electronic circuits", Prentice Hall, 1975.
N.J. McCalla, "Fundamentals of computer-aided circuit simulation", Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988.
N. Mohan, T.M. Udeland, and W.P. Robbins, "Power Electronics: Converters, Applications, and Design," J. Wiley and sons, New York, 1994.
P.C. Krause, "Analysis of electric machinery", McGraw Hill, New York, 1986.
Behavioral models of dynamical systems motivated from problems of electrical circuits, electromechanical and hybrid systems, heat conduction etc. Behavioral modeling from time series. Controllability, observability and trimness. Characterization of dissipative and lossless systems. Conservation principles. Generalized Lyapunov Stability theory. Theory of interconnections, decompositions and control.
J. W. Polderman & J. C. Willems: Mathematical systems theory : A behavioral approach. Springer Text in Applied Mathematics No.62, 1998.
B.D.O. Anderson and S. Vongpanitlered: Network analysis and synthesis - A modern systems theory approach. Prentice Hall, 1973.
J.H. Williams Jr.: Fundamentals of applied dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, 1996.
R. A. Layton: Principles of analytical systems dynamics. Springer Verlag 1998.
(To supplement EE-603 )
Data Structures: Arrays, Linked Lists, Stacks, Queues, Trees; Algorithms: Sorting, Searching, Tree algorithms, Graph
algorithms; Operating System Concepts: Processes, Threads, Memory management; Software Engineering: Practical introduction to the program lifecycle consisting of function specification, code design and testing; Parallel Programming: Concurrency, Mutual Exclusion, Pthreads, MPI; Case studies illustrating the concepts taught in the course;
Algorithms in C++, Robert Sedgewick, 3rd Edition
Operating System Concepts, Abraham Silberschatz, Peter B.
Galvin, Greg Gagne, 8th edition.
EE718 Aids for the motor and sensory disabled 3 0 0 6 ñ
1. Locomotion and sensory faculties - muscles and muscle control, vision, auditon, touch and proprioception.
2. Disabilities due to disease and trauma. Paralysis of movement, sensory loss. Degrees of loss. Combinations of loss. Statistical distribution of disabilities in the population.
3. Assessment and evaluation of disability. Resolution, speed and dexterity. Methods and devices for measurement. Movement analysis for walking and hand dexterity. Visual and auditory testing. Balance, proprioception and touch mapping.
4. Aids for the disabled. Mobility aids and patient interfaces. Sensory aids. Mobility aids: wheelchairs, artificial limbs. Design specifications. Aids for the blind- mobility aids, reading aids. Design examples. Aids for the hearing impaired. Design examples. Additional requirements of sids for mulitple disabilities- motor+sensory loss, motor+visual loss, etc.
5. Safety issues. Special safety needs for those with motor and/or sensory disabilities.
6. Cost of production and maintenance. Socioeconomics of disabilities in India
7. Seminar and design project.
Webster, Cook, Tompkins & Vanderheiden, Electronic devices for rehabilitation. Chapman & Hall, 1985.
EE 719 Mixed Signal VLSI Design 3 0 0 6
Review of continuous-time filters, Discrete-time filters, Analog and discrete-time signal processing, Analog integrated continuous-time and discrete-time (switched-capacitor) filters.
Basics of Analog to digital converters (ADC), Basics of Digital to analog converters (DAC), DACs, Successive approximation ADCs, Dual slope ADCs, High-speed ADCs (e.g. flash ADC, pipeline ADC and related architectures), High-resolution ADCs (e.g. delta-sigma converters)
Mixed-Signal layout, Interconnects, Phase locked loops, Delay locked loops.
1) CMOS mixed-signal circuit design by R. Jacob Baker, Wiley India, IEEE press, reprint 2008.
2) Design of analog CMOS integrated circuits by Behzad Razavi, McGraw-Hill, 2003.
3) CMOS circuit design, layout and simulation by R. Jacob Baker, Revised second edition, IEEE press, 2008.
4) CMOS Integrated ADCs and DACs by Rudy V. dePlassche, Springer, Indian edition, 2005.
5) Electronic Filter Design Handbook by Arthur B. Williams, McGraw-Hill, 1981.
6) Design of analog filters by R. Schauman, Prentice-Hall 1990 (or newer additions)
7) An introduction to mixed-signal IC
test and measurement by M. Burns et al.,
SOME TOPICS IN ELEMENTARY NUMBER THEORY: Time estimates for doing arithmetic. Divisibility and the Euclidean algorithm. Congruences. Some applications to factoring.
FINITE FIELDS AND QUADRATIC RESIDUES: Finite fields. Quadratic residues and reciprocity.
CRYPTOGRAPHY: some simple cryptosystems. Enciphering matrices.
PUBLIC KEY: The idea of public key cryptography. RSA. Discrete log.
ELLPTIC CURVES: Basic facts. Elliptic curve cryptosystems.
Neal Koblitz, A Course in Number and Theory and Cryptography, Graduate Texts in Mathematics No.114, Springer-Verlag, New York/Berlin/Heidelberg, 1987.
Alan Baker, A Concise Introduction to the Theory of Numbers, Cambridge University Press, New York/Port Chester/Melbourne/Sydney, 1990.
A.N. Parshin and I.R. Shafarevich (Eds.), Number Theory, Encyclopaedia of Mathematics Sciences, Volume 49, Springer-Verlag, New York/Berlin/Heidelberg, 1995.
John Stillwell, Elements of Number Theory, Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, Springer-Verlag, New York/Berlin/Heidelberg, 2003.
Henk C.A. van Tilborg, An Introduction to Cryptology, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston/Dordrecht/Lancaster, 1988.
Andre Weil, Number Theory for Beginners, Additional references:
Basic concepts of hardware description languages. Hierarchy, Concurrency,Logic and Delay modeling. Structural, Data-flow and Behavioural styles of hardware description. Architecture of event driven simulators.
Syntax and Semantics of VHDL. Variable and signal types, arrays and attributes. Operators, expressions and signal assignments. Entities, architecture specification and configurations. Component instantiation. Concurrent and sequential constructs. Use of Procedures and functions, Examples of design using VHDL.
Syntax and Semantics of Verilog. Variable types, arrays and tables. Operators, expressions and signal assignments. Modules, nets and registers, Concurrent and sequential constructs. Tasks and functions, Examples of design using Verilog. Synthesis of logic from hardware description.
J. Bhaskar, "VHDL Primer", Pearson Education Asia 2001.
Z. Navabi, "VHDL", McGraw Hill International Ed. 1998.
S. Palnitkar, "Verilog HDL: A Guide to Digital Design
and Synthesis", Prentice
J. Bhaskar, "Verilog HDL Synthesis - A Practical
Primer", Star Galaxy Publishing,(
EE 722 Restructured Power Systems 3 0 0 6
Fundamentals of restructured system, Market Architecture, Load Elasticity, Social welfare maximization, OPF: Role in vertically integrated systems and in restructured markets, Congestion Management, Optimal Bidding, Risk assessment and Hedging, Transmission Pricing and Tracing of power, Ancillary Services, Standard Market Design, Distributed Generation in restructured markets, Developments in India, IT applications in restructured markets, Working of restructured power systems : PJM
Text / References :
1. Understanding electric utilities and de-regulation, Lorrin Philipson, H. Lee Willis, Marcel Dekker Pub., 1998.
2. Power system economics: designing markets for electricity Steven Stoft, John Wiley & Sons, 2002.
3. Operation of restructured power systems. Kankar Bhattacharya, Jaap E. Daadler, Math H.J. Boolen, Kluwer Academic Pub., 2001.
4. Restructured electrical power systems: operation, trading and volatility Mohammad Shahidehpour, Muwaffaq Alomoush, Marcel Dekker Pub., 2001.
EE 723 Physics of Nanoelectronic Devices I 3 0 0 8
Particles and waves, the time-independent Schrödinger equation, states and operators, particle-in-a-box, density-of-states, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom, tunneling, two-level systems ;
Electrons in a crystal lattice, quantum well, wire and dot devices, interacting quantum wells, scanning probe microscopy, excitons in semiconductors, spin-1/2 systems and quantum bits ;
Identical particles fermions and bosons, field quantization: phonons and photons;
Classical and quantum density, entropy and information, statistical ensembles, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics applications to electronic devices;
Non-equilibrium statistical mechanics transition probabilities, the master equation, the Boltzmann Transport Equation for electrons in solids;
Perturbation theory, scattering rates and lifetimes in electronic devices;
honon scattering in semiconductors, absorption and emission of photons in semiconductors: lasers and solar cells
Hagelstein, Senturia and Orlando, Introductory Applied Quantum and Statistical Mechanics, Wiley 2004;
Gershenfeld, The Physics of Information Technology,
EE 724 Nanoelectronics 3 0 0 6
approaches: Introduction, CMOS Scaling, The nanoscale MOSFET, Finfets, Vertical
MOSFETs, limits to scaling, system integration limits (interconnect issues
etc.), Resonant Tunneling Transistors, Single electron
transistors, new storage, optoelectronic, and spintronics devices.
Atoms-up approaches: Molecular electronics involving single molecules as electronic devices, transport in molecular structures, molecular systems as alternatives to conventional electronics, molecular interconnects; Carbon
nanotube electronics, bandstructure & transport, devices, applications.
Introduction to Nanotechnology, C.P. Poole Jr., F.J. Owens,Wiley (2003).
2: Nanoelectronics and Information Technology (Advanced Electronic Materials and Novel Devices), Waser Ranier,
K.E. Drexler, Wiley (1992)
4. The Physics of Low-Dimensional Semiconductors, John H. Davies, Cambridge University Press, 1998
5. Research Papers
EE725 Computational Electromagnetics 3 0 0 6
Introduction to electromagnetic fields: review of vector analysis, electric and magnetic potentials, boundary conditions, Maxwell's
equations, diffusion equation, Poynting vector, wave equation
Finite Difference Method (FDM): Finite Difference schemes, treatment of irregular boundaries, accuracy and stability of FD solutions,
Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) method
Finite Element Method (FEM): overview of FEM, Variational and Galerkin Methods, shape functions, lower and higher order elements, vector
elements, 2D and 3D finite elements, efficient finite element computations
Method of Moments (MOM): integral formulation, Green's functions and numerical integration, other integral methods: boundary element method,
charge simulation method
Special topics: hybrid methods, coupled circuit - field computations, electromagnetic - thermal and electromagnetic - structural coupled
computations, solution of equations.
Applications: low frequency and high frequency electrical devices, static / time-harmonic / transient problems in transformers, rotating machines,
waveguides, antennas, scatterers
Texts / References:
1. M. V. K. Chari and S. J. Salon, Numerical methods in electromagnetism, Academic Press, 2000.
2. M. N. O. Sadiku, Numerical techniques in electromagnetics, CRC Press, 1992.
3. N. Ida, Numerical modeling for electromagnetic non-destructive evaluation, Chapman and Hall, 1995.
4. S. R. H. Hoole, Computer aided analysis and design of electromagnetic devices, Elsevier Science Publishing Co., 1989.
5. J. Jin, The Finite Element Method in electromagnetics, 2nd Ed., John Wiley and Sons, 2002.
6. P. P. Silvester and R. L. Ferrari, Finite elements for electrical engineers, 3rd Ed., Cambridge University Press, 1996.
EE 727 Physics of Nanoelectronic Devices II 3 0 0 8
Pre-requisties Physics of Nanoelectronic Devices Ior equivalent, undergraduate-level engineering mathematics linear algebra, differential equations, Fourier analysis (MA 106, MA108, MA205, MA207 or equivalent), engineering physics (PH103 or equivalent), and post-graduate level solid-state devices (EE661 or equivalent).
Atomic structure: crystal structure, defects in solids; Electronic structure: energy bands in solids, electron-electron interactions, bandstructure calculations, bandstructure engineering, Mechanical properties: Phonon engineering, elasticity and strain engineering, Semi-classical transport properties: dynamics of Bloch electrons, Zener tunneling and its device applications, the Boltzmann Transport Equation and its moments, drift-diffusion, hydrodynamic equations and Monte-Carlo simulation of semiconductor devices, thermoelectric and magnetoelectric phenomena; Nanoscale transport properties: scattering formalism, ballistic nano-transistors, Greens functions, Feynman paths, quantum-interference devices; Optical properties: Maxwells equations in dielectric media, polarization in insulators, ferroelectrics, polarons and polaritons, direct and indirect transitions in semiconductors, excitons, optoelectronic and photovoltaic devices, frequency response of metals skin-depth, plasma frequency, plasmonic devices; Magnetic properties: Diamagnetism and paramagnetism of ions and electrons, magnetic interactions and ferromagnetic ordering, mean field theory, symmetry-breaking and phase transitions, spintronic devices
EE 728 Growth and Characterization of Nano-electronic Materials 3 0 0 6
Prerequisite : EE 724
A selection of topics from the following: Basic Growth Concepts: growth modes; crystallization phenomena; defects . Fundamentals and analysis of epitaxy: liquid phase epitaxy; molecular beam epitaxy; Chemical vapor deposition; LPCVD examples (SiO2, Si3N4, Poly-Si, Silicon epitaxy); MOCVD, examples: dielectrics, epitaxy of III-V; PECVD; ALD. Material Systems and Structures: GaAs and InP based materials : AlGaAs, GaInAs and InGaAsP; substrates, material purity, doping, ordering; heterostructures, interfaces; strained layer growth, critical thickness; Group III nitrides: AlGaInN and InGaAsN; Device structures : Detectors, Lasers, HEMTs. Characterization of Nanoelectronic Materials: Photoluminescence; X-Ray diffraction; Transmission Electron Microscopy;Deep Level Transient spectroscopy; Atomic Force Microscopy; Secondary Electron Microscopy.
M. A. Herman, W. Richter and H. Sitter, Epitaxy: Physical principles and technical implementation, Springer, Berlin 2004.
Stringfellow, Organno-metallic Vapor Phase Epitaxy: theory and practice,
Blom, Liquid Phase Epitaxy, North-Holland,
EE 731 Design of Experiment /Taguchi Method for Experimental Research 3 0 0 6
1. Fundamentals of classical statistical methods:
NormalProbability distribution; Statistical analysis of Means and Variance; Evolution of Taguchi Methods.
2. Fundamentals of Taguchi Methods: Basic philosophy of Taguchi loss function and robust design; 8-steps in Taguchi Method; P-diagrams of Static and Dynamic problems; Definitions of signal, noise and control
factors; Degrees of freedom; Linear graphs and orthogonal arrays and their designs; Definitions of Signal to Noise ratio; Evaluation of sensitivity to noise; Resolution of design; Analysis of Means, Means Plots and Analysis of Variance; Prediction of optimum conditions; Prediction of error variance.
3. Design of Experiments for Robust Design: Identification of signal, noise and control variables; Identification and selection interactions; Control factors and their levels; Strategies for experimentation using Taguchi methods, beginner, intermediate and advanced strategies; Selection of design of orthogonal array, Modification of orthogonal
arrays and linear graphs; Performing matrix experiments; Methods of analyzing experimental data; Interpretation of results.
4. Application Examples: Application of design of experiments for circuit design for temperature insensitivity, robust design of sensors with reduced cross-sensitivities, designing robust processes: machining and cutting tool wear analysis, surface quality optimization, metallurgical structure optimization; packaging related wire and die bonding optimization; Application of design of experiments for optimizing product performance and process yield.
Texts / References:
M.S. Phadke, "Quality Engineering using Robust Design" Prentice Hall (1989)
EE732 Combinatorial Optimization 3 0 0 6
Pre-requisite : EE635 Applied Linear Algebra or equivalent
I. Brief Overview of Linear and Nonlinear Programming. Kuhn-Fourier Elimination Scheme, Farkas Lemma; Constrained Optimization through Lagrange multipliers for equation and inequality based systems; Karush-Kuhn-Tucker Theorem, Strong Duality Theorem of Linear Programming;
II Network Flows.
Max-flow Mincut Theorem, Algorithms for maximizing flows, min cost flow Problem and its electrical equivalent; Menger's Theorems.
III Graph Optimization Problems.
Maximum spanning tree, matching and covering, shortest path problem, graph colouring problems.
IV Introduction to Matroids.
Axioms for matroids; The greedy algorithm and the related characterization of matroids.
Douglas B. West, Introduction to Graph Theory Second edition: Prentice Hall 2001
A.Schrijver, Theory of Linear and Integer Programming,
C.H. Papadimitriou, K.Steiglitz, Combinatorial optimization: algorithms and complexity, Dover Pubns, July 1998.
H.Narayanan, Submodular functions and Electrical Networks,
(vol 54) Annals of Discrete Maths,
Electrons in solids; Band theory; Charge carriers in semiconductors; Boltzmann Transport Equation; p-n junctions, Schottky and MIS contacts; Field-effect transistors;
Bipolar transistors; Optoelectronic and photovoltaic devices
Texts / References:
Streetman and Banerjee, Solid State Electronic Devices, Prentice Hall, 6/e 2005;
Sze and Ng, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, Wiley-Interscience, 3/e 2006;
K. Hess, Advanced Theory of Semiconductor Devices, Prentice-Hall, 1988;
Singh, Semiconductor Devices: Basic Principles, Wiley, 2000.
EE 734 Advanced Probability and Random Processes for Engineers 3 0 0 6
Pre-requisites : EE 325 or EE 601 or an equivalent basic course on probability and random processes.
Probability spaces, random variables, expectation, uniform integrability, independence, stochastic convergence, limit theorems, conditioning, Markov chains, martingales, Brownian motion, Poisson process, examples from electrical engineering.
Texts / References:
E. Wong and B. Hajek, Stochastic Processes in Engineering Systems, Springer Verlag, New York, 1984.
L. Breiman, Probability, SIAM, Philadelphia. 1992.
EE 735 Microelectronics Simulation Laboratory 3 0 0 6
· Familiarization with TCAD software; semiconductor process simulation CMOS structure design; semiconductor device simulation CMOS inverter design; device parameter extraction for circuit-simulation (lecture and lab sessions)
· Familiarization with compact models and transistor-level circuit simulation (lecture and lab sessions).
· Familiarization with a typical custom IC design flow using open source design tools (lecture and lab sessions). Schematic capture, circuit simulation, layout design, design rules, layout extraction and post-layout simulation circuit design software. Analog and digital functional modules will be used as test benches for lab experiments. CMOS technology will be the main focus of the lab and available devices in this technology including MOS transistors, passive components and BJTs will be explored and used. At the time of this proposal NGSPICE and MAGIC are two examples of open source CAD tools which will be explored in this course. However instructors will introduce any useful new free academic EDA tool which may be developed in the future.
Texts / References:
Plummer, Deal and Griffin, Silicon VLSI Technology: Fundamentals, Practice and Modeling, Prentice Hall, 2000;
Wolf, Silicon Processing for the VLSI Era, Volume 3 The Submicron MOSFET, Lattice Press, 1990
Massobrio and Antognetti, Semiconductor Device Modeling with SPICE, McGraw Hill, 1993;
EE 736 Introduction to Stochastic Optimization 3 0 0 6
Pre-requisites : EE 325 or EE 601 or an equivalent basic course on probability and random processes.
Review of probability theory; Stochastic approximation algorithms: stability and convergence, asynchronous implementations, two time scale schemes, examples from electrical engineering; Markov chain Monte Carlo: variance reduction, simulated annealing; Markov decision processes: stochastic dynamic programming, computational schemes, state and parameter estimation, control under partial observations, adaptive control, learning algorithms.
Texts / References:
J. Spall, Introduction to Stochastic Search and Optimization, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2003.
Sheldon Ross, Introduction to Stochastic Dynamic Programming, Academic Press, New York, 1995.
S. Asmussen and P. W. Glynn, Stochastic Simulation, Springer Verlag, New York, 2007.
EE 737 Introduction to Stochastic Control 3 0 0 6
Pre-requisites : EE 325 or EE 601 or an equivalent basic course on probability and random processes.
Review of probability theory, Controlled Markov chains: dynamic programming and computational schemes; Linear stochastic control: LQG problem, Kalman filter and separation principle; Introduction to stochastic differential equations and continuous time stochastic; control: Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation, nonlinear filtering
Texts / References:
J. Spall, Introduction to Stochastic Search and Optimization, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2003.
Sheldon Ross, Introduction to Stochastic Dynamic Programming, Academic Press, New York, 1995.
S. Asmussen and P. W. Glynn, Stochastic Simulation, Springer Verlag, New York, 2007.
Overview of Internet-Concepts, challenges and history. Overview of high speed networks-ATM. TCP/IP Congestion and Flow Control in Internet-Throughput analysis of TCP congestion control. TCP for high bandwidth delay networks. Fairness issues in TCP.
Real Time Communications over Internet. Adaptive applications. Latency and throughput issues. Integrated Services Model (intServ). Resource reservation in Internet. RSVP.
Characterization of Traffic by Linearly Bounded arrival Processes (LBAP). Concept of (o,, p) regulator. Leaky bucket algorithm and its properties.
Packet Scheduling Algorithms-requirements and choices. Scheduling guaranteed service connections. GPS, WFQ and Rate proportional algorithms. High speed scheduler design. Theory of Latency Rate servers and delay bounds in packet switched networks for LBAP traffic.
Active Queue Management - RED, WRED and Virtual clock. Control theoretic analysis of active queue management.
IP address lookup-challenges. Packet classification algorithms and Flow Identification- Grid of Tries, Cross producting and controlled prefix expansion algorithms.
Admission control in Internet. Concept of Effective bandwidth. Measurement based admission control. Differentiated Services in Internet (DiffServ). DiffServ architecture and framework.
IP switching and MPLS-Overview of IP over ATM and its evolution to IP switching. MPLS architecture and framework. MPLS Protocols. Traffic engineering issues in MPLS. [P control of Optical Routers. Lamda Switching, DWDM Networks
Jean Wairand and Pravin Varaiya, High Perforamnce Communications Networks, Second Edition, 2000
Jean Le Boudec and Patrick Thiran, Network Calculus A Theory of Deterministic Queueing Systems for the Internet, Springer Veriag, 2001.
Zhang Wang, Internet Qo,5, Morgan Kaufman 2001
George Kesidis, ATM Network Performance, Kluwer Academic, 2000 5. Research Papers.
Network topology: Matrices associated with graphs, the short circuit and open circuit operations, their generalization through the use of ideal transformers and vector space operations corresponding to these operations.
Theorems of Tellegen and Minty: Formal equivalence, areas of applications.
The Implicit Duality Theorem and its applications: Multiport decomposition, ideal transformer resulting from the connection of ideal transformers, adjoint networks and systems, networks with decomposition methods based on altering network topology, ideal diode, ideal transformer, resistor circuits and their relation to Linear and Quadratic Programming.
S.Seshu and M.B.Reed, Linear Graphs and Electrical Networks, Addison Wesley, 1961.
H.Narayanan, Submodular Functions and Electrical
Networks, Annals of Discrete Maths, vol-54,
EE764 Wireless and
Introduction to mobile communication. Cellular mobile telephone architecture overview.
Cellular radio system design-- Frequency assignments, frequency reuse channels. Concept of cell splitting. Handover in cellular systems. Handoff algorithms.
Multiple access schemes in mobile communications--TDMA, FDMA, CDMA. Random Multiple Access Schemes. Performance analysis issues. MAC layer scheduling and connection admission in mobile communication. Interference suppression and Power control.
Teletraffic modelling and Queeuing theoretic analysis of cellular mobile networks. Resource allocation and mobility management.
mobile systems-- AMPS and
GSM system architecture overview.
Call management and system operation.
CDMA based cellular system. Wireless in Local
CDMA: Principles of
Communications, Addison Wesley,
VK Garg and JE Wilkes, Wireless and personal Communication Systems, Prentice Hall, 1996. ñ
EE 779 Advanced Topics in Signal Processing 3 0 0 6
Course Name: Description:
Introduction - Relevant concepts in DSP, linear algebra, matrix analysis, and statistical signal analysis (as needed) Spectral estimation (temporal) - Non-parametric spectrum estimation - Parametric methods for rational spectra (ARMA, MA, AR processes) and line spectra; Array signal processing (spatial) - Arrays and spatial filters, space-time processes - Waveform estimation - broadband and narrowband beamformers - Subspace algorithms - MUSIC, ESPRIT, Root-MUSIC - Applications - direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation, signal separation; Selected topics in sampling and reconstruction - Dithered sampling, use of a random dither - Sampling, quantization, and interpolation - Sampling of non-bandlimited signals - Finite rate of innovation signals; Change point problems - Canonical change point problems - Non-parametric and Bayesian approaches to the change-point problems - Feedback in change point problems; Approximations in bases and compression - Linear and non-linear approximations - Karhunen Loeve approximations - Transform coding -
Distortion rate of quantization Sparse signal processing - Sparse representation and recovery, pursuit algorithms, compressive sensing; Monte Carlo methods in signal processing - Particle filter Inference in Hidden Markov Models, Expectation- Maximization (EM) algorithm
1. Petre Stoica and Randolph Moses, ``SpectralAnalysis of Signals``, Prentice Hall, 2005.
2. Jacob Benesty, Jingdong Chen, and YitengHuang, ``Microphone array signal processing``,Springer, 2008.
3. Harry L. Van Tress, ``Optimum Array Processing``, Part IV of Detection,Estimation, and Modulation Theory, Wiley Interscience, 2002.
4. Stefane Mallat, ``A wavelet tour of signal processing: the sparse way``, Academic Press, 2010.
5. James Candy, ``Bayesian Signal Processing``,Wiley & Sons., 2009.
6. Olivier Cappe, Eric Moulines, and Tobias Ryden,``Inference in Hidden Markov Models``, Springer Series in Statistics, 2005.
7. Arnaud Doucet and A.M. Johansen, ``A Tutorial on Particle Filtering and Smoothing: Fifteen years Later``, in Handbook of Nonlinear Filtering
(eds. D. Crisan et B. Rozovsky), Oxford UniversityPress, 2011.
8. Y. C. Eldar and G. Kutyniok, ``Compressed Sensing: Theory and Applications ``, Cambridge University Press, 2011.
9. Research publications that will be suggested during the course.