Department of Electrical Engineering

    Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay

http://www.ee.iitb.ac.in

 

Syllabii of Under Graduate Courses

Code

Course

EE002

Principles of Electrical Engineering

EE003

Principles of Electrical Engineering Lab

EE004

Electronics

EE005

Electronics Lab

EE152

Basic Electric Circuits

EE206

Digital Circuits

EE207

Electronic Devices and Circuits

EE210

Signals and Systems

EE214

Digital Circuits Lab

EE218

Electrical Machines

EE219

Electronics Lab

EE220

Electrical Machines Lab

EE225

Network Theory

EE301

Electromagnetic Waves

EE302

Control Systems

EE304

Electrical Energy Systems

EE308

Communication Systems

EE309

Microprocessors

EE315

Microprocessors Lab

EE317

Electromagnetic Waves Lab

EE318

Electronics Design Lab I

EE319

Analog Circuits Lab

EE321

Power Electronics

EE323

Analog Circuits

EE324

Control Systems Lab

EE326

Power Systems Lab

EE389

Electronic Design Lab II

EE403

Digital Signal Processing

EE405

Communication Electronics

EE415

Electrical Design Lab

EE421

Communication System Theory

EE425

VLSI Technology

EE426

Digital Communication Systems

EE429

Discrete Data and Digital Control

EE432

Special Semiconductor Devices

EE433

Electronic Instrumentation

EE434

Industrial Instrumentation

EE437

Analog Filters

EE438

Control System Design

EE450

Computer Control and Automation of Power Systems

EE452

Microwave and Satellite Communication

EE455

Communication Electronics Lab

 


EE002 Principles of Electrical Engineering                                                                                                             2 1 0 6      

 

Fundamental laws of electrical engineering circuit parameters, elementary network theory forced and transient response, sinusoidal steady state response three-phase circuits, magnetic circuit and transformers.

 

Texts/References

M.A.Pal, Introduction to Electrical Circuits and Machines, Affiliated East-West Press, 1975.

Vincent eltoro, Principles of Electrical Engineering 2nd Ed. Prentice Hall, 1986.


EE003 Principles of Electrical Engineering Laboratory                                                                                0 0 1.5 1.5      

 

The laboratory work will be closely parallel and supplement the theory presented on the course: Principles of Electrical Engg.(EE-002)


EE004 Electronics                                                                                                                                                         2 1 0 6       

                                              

Semiconductor diode characteristics, transistor characteristics. Biasing Circuit small signal low frequency h-parameter model. Low frequency transistors, amplifiers; FET biasing and low frequency amplifier circuits; RC-coupled amplifiers and oscillators.

 

Rectifiers and power supplies, Elements of IC regulated power supply.

 

Op-amps: Parameters and characteristics, inverting and non-inverting mode of its operation, linear applications including the use of op-amps in analog computations and active filters.

 

Introduction to digital circuits, modulation and demodulation.

 

Text/References

Allen Mottershed, Electronic Devices and Circuits, An Introduction, EEE Publication, 12th Indian Reprint, 1989.

Y.N. Bapat, Electronic Devices and Circuits, Tata McGraw Hill, 9th Reprint, 1989.

A.P. Malvino, Electronic Principles, 3rd TMH Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 12th Printing, 1989.

 


EE005 Electronic Laboratory                                                                                                                             0 0 1.5 1.5      

 

Based on the course EE 004 (Electronics)


EE152 Basic Electric Circuits (DIC)                                                                                        2 1 0 6          

 

Kirchhoff's Laws: KCL, KVL and their limitations.

 

Classification of devices of an electrical circuit; Basic devices: resistors, controlled sources, diodes, capacitors and inductors, ideal transformers.

 

Basic circuit analysis methods: nodal, mesh and modified nodal-analysis. Transient analysis of RL, RC and RLC circuits.

 

Network Theorems: Tellegen's theorem, superposition theorem, Thevenin-Norton theorem, substitution theorem, reciprocity theorem, maxpower-transfer theorem, star-delta- transformation.

 

Steady state sinusoidal analysis: phasors, phasor diagrams; Power in ac circuits, network analysis methods and network theorems recalled; Polyphase circuits.

 

Circuits with ideal transformers.

 

Texts/References

K.V.V. Murthy and M.S.Kamath, Basic Circuit Analysis, 1st edition (reprinted with corrections) Jaico Publishing, 1998.

W.H. Hayt and J.E. Kemmerley, Engineering Circuit Analysis, Int.St.Ed.(4th) McGraw Hill, 1986.

 


EE206 Digital Circuits                                                                                                       3 1 0 8      

 

Introduction to Boolean Algebra and Switching Functions, Boolean Minimization, Finite State Machines, Design of synchronous FSMs, FSM Minimization, Asynchronous FSMs.

 

Bipolar Logic Families (TTL + ECL), MOS logic families (NMOS and CMOS), and their electrical behaviour. Memory Elements, Timing circuits, Elementary combinational and sequential digital circuits: adders, comparators, shift registers, counters. Logic Implementation using Programmable Devices (ROM,PLA,FPGA).

 

Texts/References

H. Taub and D. Schilling, Digital Integrated Electronics, McGraw Hill, 1977.

D.A. Hodges and H.G. Jackson, Analysis and Design of Digital Integrated Circuits, International Student Edition, McGraw Hill 1983.

F.J. Hill and G.L. Peterson, Switching Theory and Logic Design, John Wiley, 1981.

Z. Kohavi, Switching and Finite Automata Theory, McGraw Hill,1970.

 


EE207 Electronic Devices and Circuits                                                                                           2 1 0 6      

 

Modeling devices: Static characteristics of ideal two terminal and three terminal devices; Small signal models of non-linear devices.

 

Introduction to semiconductor equations and carrier statistics: poisson's and continuity equations, Fermi-Dirac statistics and Boltzmann approximation to the Fermi-Dirac statistics.

Semiconductor Diodes: Barrier formation in metal-semiconductor junctions, PN homo- and hetero- junctions; CV characteristics and dopant profiling; IV characteristics; Small signal models of diodes; Some Applications of diodes.

 

Field Effect Devices : JFET/HFET, MIS structures and MOSFET operation; JFET characteristics and small signal models; MOS capacitor CV and concept of accumulation, depletion and inversion; MOSFET characteristics and small signal models.

 

Bipolar transistors : IV characteristics and elers-Moll model; small signal models; Charge storage and transient response.

 

Discrete transistor amplifiers : Common emitter and common source amplifiers; Emitter and source followers.

 

Texts/References

D. A. Neamen, Semiconductor Physics and Devices (IRWIN), Times Mirror High Education Group, Chicago) 1997.

E.S. Yang, Microelectronic Devices, McGraw Hill, Singapore, 1988.

B.G. Streetman, Solid State Electronic Devices, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1995.

J. Millman and A. Grabel, Microelectronics, McGraw Hill, International, 1987.

A.S. Sedra and K.C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, Saunder's College Publishing, 1991.

R.T. Howe and C.G. Sodini, Microelectronics : An integrated Approach, Prentice Hall International, 1997.

 


EE210 Signals and Systems                                                                                                      3 1 0 8   

Prerequisite: EE-152

 

Elements of signal space theory: Different types of signals; Linearity, time invariance and causality; Impulse sequence, impulse functions and other singularity functions.

 

Convolution: Convolution sum, convolution integral and their evaluation; Time-domain representation and analysis of LTI systems based on convolution and differential equations.

 

Multi input-multi output discrete and continuous systems: state model representation, solution of state equations, state transition matrix.

 

Transform domain considerations: Laplace transforms and Z-transforms; Applications of transforms to discrete and continuous systems-analysis; Transfer function, block diagram representation, DFT.

 

Fourier Series and Fourier Transform, Sampling theorem, Discrete Fourier transform (DFT), estimating Fourier transform using DFT.

 

Introduction to Wavelets.

  

Texts/References

A. Papoulis, Circuits and Systems, Modern Approach, HRW, 1980

R.F. Ziemer, W.H. Tranter and D.R. Fannin, Signals and Systems - Continuous and Discrete, 4th Edn. Prentice Hall, 1998.

A.V. Oppenheim, A.S. Willsky and I.T. Young, Signals and Systems, Prentice Hall, 1983.

 


EE214 Digital Circuits Lab                                                                                                       0 0 3 3    

 

(To Supplement EE-206)

 


EE218 Electrical Machines                                                                                                       3 1 0 8   

 

Introduction: Magnetic circuits and transformers, rotating magnetic fields and machines.

 

Magnetic circuit concept: DC and AC excitation of ferromagnetic structures; Ideal and actual transformer: Equivalent circuits and analysis of transformer; Auto transformers and three-phase transformers.

 

Electrical energy conversion principles: Energy balance, Energy in singly excited and multiply excited magnetic systems.

 

Basic concepts of rotating machines: Generated voltage; MMF of distributed windings; Rotating  magnetic fields; Torque in Non-salient pole machines; Commutator action.

 

Important characteristics of DC, Synchronous and Induction motors and generators.

  

Texts/References

A. E. Fitzgerald, C. Kingsley Jr. and S. D. Umars, Electrical Machinery, McGraw Hill, 1983.

I. J. Nagrath and D. P. Kothari, Electric Machines, Tata McGraw Hill, 1985.

 


EE219 Electronics Lab                                                                                                           0 0 3 3  

 

(To supplement EE-207 and EE 152)

 


EE220 Electrical Machines Lab                                                                                                0 0 1.5 1.5 

 

(To Supplement EE-218)

 


EE225 Network Theory                                                                                                      3 1 0 8    

 

Prerequisites : EE-152

 

Graphs: Paths, connectedness, circuits, cutsets, trees; Matrix representation of directed graphs: incidence, cutset and circuit matrices; Methods of analysis of linear networks: nodal-cutset-mesh- and loop-analysis.

 

Time and frequency domain approaches to electrical networks: State equations for linear networks with no capacitor loops or inductor cutsets, solution of state equations for the distinct eigen value case; Laplace transforms and their adaptation to networks.

2-port networks: 2-port parameters, interconnection of 2-ports and their effect on the parameters, Tellegen's generalized reciprocity theorem.

Multiport and multiterminal networks: their representations and interconnections.

Transfer functions: poles and zeros; Elements of Filter Theory.

 

Texts/References

N Balabanian and T.A. Bickart, Linear Network Theory : Analysis, Properties, Design and Synthesis, Matrix Publishers, Inc. 1981.

L.O. Chua, C.A. Desoer, E.S. Kuh, Linear and Nonlinear Circuits, McGraw - Hill International Edition 1987.

 


EE301 Electromagnetic Waves                                                                                            3 1 0 8     

 

Review of Maxwell's equations, TEM modes in a linear homogenous isotropic medium, polarization, Pointing vector and power flow, TEM waves incident on a boundary - Snell's laws, wave propagation inside a conductor - skin depth, weakly dispersive TEM modes - phase and group velocity.

 

Field analysis of guided TEM modes (transmission lines), characteristic impedance, voltage and current relationships, impedance discontinuities and standing waves, impedance matching, Smith chart, pulse propagation in transmission lines, lossy lines.

 

Field analysis of guided non-TEM modes (rectangular and cylindrical waveguides), quantization of modes by boundary conditions, mode cut-off frequencies, dispersion relation, field patterns, power flow, orthogonality of modes, excitation of waveguide modes by coaxial cables, non-TEM modes in coaxial cables.

 

Electromagnetic radiation - inhomogenous wave equation, solution by potentials (Lienard-Wiechert formula), retarded potentials, radiation from a Hertzian dipole, formulation of the antenna problem as an integral equation, antenna gain, radiation resistance, radiation pattern, antenna feed structures, study of some standard antennas - dipole, array, aperture, horn, and optical.

 

Texts/References

Ramo, S., Whinnery J.R., and van Duzer, T: Fields and Waves in Communication Electronics, 3rd ed., Wiley Eastern (1997).

R.E. Collin, Foundations for Microwave Engineering, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, 1993.

Narayana Rao, N: Engineering Electromagnetics, 3rd ed., Prentice Hall, 1997.

 


EE302 Control Systems                                                                                                   3 1 0 8        

 

Pre-requisite: EE-210 (exposure)

 

Basic concepts: Notion of feed-back; open- and closed-loop systems.

 

Modelling and representations of control systems: Ordinary differential equations; Transfer functions; Block diagrams; Signal flow graphs; State-space representations.

 

Performance and stability: Time-domain analysis; Second-order systems; Characteristic- equation and roots; Routh-Hurwitz criteria, Frequency-domain techniques: Root-locus methods; Frequency responses; Bode-plots; Gain-margin and phase-margin; Nyquist plots. Compensator design: Proportional, PI and PID controllers; Lead-lag compensators.

 

State-space concepts: Controllability, Observability, Minimal representations.

 

Texts/References

J.C. Doyle, B.A. Francis and A.R. Tannenbaum, Feedback Control Theory, Maxwell Macmilan International Edn., 1992.

C.L. Phillips and R.D. Harbour, Feedback Control Systems, Prentice Hall, 1985

B.C. Kuo, Automatic Control Systems, 4th Edn., Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1985.

G. Franklin, J.D. Powell and A. Emami-Naeini, Feedback Control of Dynamic Systems, Addison Wesley, 1986.

I.J. Nagrath and M. Gopal, Control System Engineering, 2nd Edn., Wiley Eastern, New Delhi, 1982.

 


EE304 Electrical Energy Systems                                                                                               3 1 0 8    

 

Pre-requisite: EE-218 (exposure)

 

Introduction: Components of a power system; Modelling and representation of transformers, synchronous machines and sub- systems; Per-unit representation.

 

Transmission Lines: ABCD parameters; Classification; Travelling wave equation for a long line; Surge impedance; Voltage profile along the line; Ferranti effect; Steady-state performance - efficiency and regulation.

 

Load-flow studies: Steady-state analysis of power network; Gauss-Seidel and Newton-Raphson methods; Reactive power compensation; Tap-changing and phase-shifting transformers.

 

Economic despatch: Penalty factors including real losses; Automatic generation and control; Steady-state analysis and dynamic response of a single area system.

 

Fault analysis: Symmetrical 3-phase faults; Symmetrical components; Unsymmetrical faults.

 

Transient stability studies: Swing equation Equal area criterion; Step-by-step solution of swing curve.

 

Additional topics: Introduction to protection; Introduction to HVDC systems.

 

Texts/References

W.D. Stevenson, Elements of Power Systems Analysis, 4th Edn., McGraw Hill, 1982.

I.J. Nagrath and D.P. Kothari, Modern Power System Analysis, 2nd Edn., Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1989.

O.I. Elgerd, Electric Energy Systems Theory: An Introduction, 2nd Edn., Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1982.

Allen J. Wood and B.F. Wollenberg, Power Generation, Operation and Control, 2nd Edn., John Wiley, 1996.

 


EE308 Communication Systems                                                                                                2 1 0 6  

 

Prerequisite : EE-210 (exposure)

 

Principles of amplitude modulation: modulation and demodulation of AM, DSBSC, SSB signals and their practical applications, FDM systems.

 

Principles of angle modulation, frequency and phase modulation, narrow and wide band FM, generation and demodulation of FM signals, phase locked loops, application of FM.

 

Sampling and quantization of band limited signals. Sampling theorem, pulse-amplitude and pulse-time modulation, PCM, DPCM and Delta modulation. TDM systems.

 

Texts/References

S.S. Haykin, An Introduction to Analog and Digital Communication Systems, Wiley Eastern 1989.

R.B. Carlson, Communication Systems, (3rd Intl. Ed.), McGraw Hill, 1986.

B.P. Lathi, Communication Systems, John Wiley, 1987.

H. Taub and D.L. Shilling, Principles of Communication Systems, McGraw Hill Intl. Student Edition,1971.

 


EE309 Microprocessors                                                                                                       2 1 0 6   

 

Basic concepts of Microprocessors; architecture of 8085A and its instruction set. Programmable peripheral devices. Design of microprocessor based systems.

 

Introduction to 8086 microprocessor and its instruction set. Assembly level programming. Representation of floating point numbers. Architecture and instruction set of 8087 processor.

 

Introduction to microcontrollers and embedded systems.

 

Texts/References

R. S. Gaonkar, Microprocessor Architecture: Programming and Applications with the 8085/8080A, Wiley Eastern, 1990.

I. Liu, G. A. Gibson, Microcomputer Systems: The 8086/8088 Family, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall, 1986.

Douglas Hall, Microprocessors Interfacing, Tata McGraw Hill, 1991

Kenneth J. Ayala, The 8051 Microcontroller, Penram International Publishing, 1996.

 


EE315 Micro processor Lab                                     0 0 3 3     

 

( To supplement EE-309 )

 


EE317 Electromagnetic Waves Lab                                                                                        0 0 1.5 1.5     

 

( To supplement EE-301 )


 

EE318 Electronics Design Lab I                                                                                                0 0 6 6      

 


EE319 Analog Circuits Lab.                                                                                                  0 0 3 3        

 

(To Supplement EE-323)


EE321 Power Electronics                                                                                                   2 1 0 6       

 

Power electronic devices: Power diodes, power transistors, thyristors, GTO, their characteristics, ratings, protection and cooling;

Power circuit topologies: Series parallel operation of devices; Firing and typical control circuits.

Power electronic converters: Phase controlled (AC/DC), 1-phase/3-Phase, semi/full; Analysis and performance with passive load, typical control circuit; Harmonics and power factor; Voltage controllers(AC/DC), 1-phase/3-phase; Typical control circuits for integral control/phase control strategies. DC/AC inverters: 1-phase/3-phase;

 

VSI, PWM, CSI, frequency and voltage control; Harmonics and power quality, typical control circuits; High frequency inverters.

Texts/References

C. W. Lander, Power Electronics, McGraw Hill, 1993.

G. K. Dubey, S. R. Doradla, A. Joshi, R. M. K.Sinha, Thyristorised Power Controllers, Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1987.

M. H. Rashid, Power Electronics: Circuits, Devices and Applications, Prentice Hall of India, 1994.

 


EE323 Analog Circuits                                                                                                       3 1 0 8     

 

Introduction to operational amplifiers: The difference amplifier and the ideal operational amplifier models, concept of negative feedback and virtual short; Analysis of simple operational amplifier circuits; Frequency response of amplifiers, Bode plots.

 

Feedback: Feedback topologies and analysis for discrete transistor amplifiers; stabillity of feedback circuits using Barkhausen criteria.

 

Linear applications of operational amplifiers: Instrumentation and Isolation amplifiers; Current and voltage sources; Active filters.

 

Non-linear applications of operational amplifiers: Comparators, clippers and clampers; Linearization amplifiers; Precision rectifiers; Logarithmic amplifiers, multifunction circuits and true rms convertors.

 

Waveform Generation: sinusoidal feedback oscillators; Relaxation oscillators, square-triangle oscillators.

 

Real operational amplifiers: Current sources and active loads, difference, intermediate and output stages including Miller capacitors for frequency computation; Operational amplifier parameters; Effects of real operational amplifier parameters on circuit performance.

 

Analog and Digital interface circuits: A/D, D/A Converters, S/H circuits and multiplexers.

 

Texts/References

J.V. Wait, L.P. Huelsman and GA Korn, Introduction to Operational Amplifier theory and applications, 2nd edition, McGraw Hill, New York, 1992.

J. Millman and A. Grabel, Microelectronics, 2nd edition, McGraw Hill, 1988.

P. Horowitz and W. Hill, The Art of Electronics, 2nd edition, Cambridge University Press, 1989.

A.S. Sedra and K.C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, Saunder's College Publishing, 1991.

 


EE324 Control Systems Lab                                                                                              0 0 1.5 1.5      

 

(To supplement EE-302 )

 


EE326 Power Systems Lab                                                                                                0 0 1.5 1.5    

 

( To supplement EE-304 )

 


EE389 Electronic Design Lab II                                    0 0 10 10    

 

This laboratory would impart skills needed to integrate systems with proper user interfaces after alpha-testing of products.

 


EE403 Digital Signal Processing                                                                                               2 1 0 6    

 

Discrete time signals: Sequences; representation of signals on orthogonal basis; Sampling and reconstruction of signals;

Discrete systems: attributes, Z-Transform, Analysis of LSI systems, Frequency analysis, Inverse Systems, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT), Fast Fourier Transform algorithm, Implementation of Discrete Time Systems.

 

Design of FIR Digital filters: Window method, Park-McClellan's method.

 

Design of IIR Digital Filters: Butterworth, Chebyshev and Elliptic Approximations; Lowpass, Bandpass, Bandstop and High pass filters.

 

Effect of finite register length in FIR filter design.

Parametric and non-parametric spectral estimation. Introduction to multirate signal processing.

Application of DSP to Speech and Radar signal processing.

 

Texts/References

A.V. Oppenheim and Schafer, Discrete Time Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1989.

John G. Proakis and D.G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Applications, Prentice Hall, 1997.

L.R. Rabiner and B. Gold, Theory and Application of Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992.

J.R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992.

D. J. DeFatta, J. G. Lucas and W. S. Hodgkiss, Digital Signal Processing, J Wiley and Sons, Singapore, 1988.


EE405 Communication Electronics                                                                                           2 1 0 6     

 

Prerequisite EE308

 

Review of communication systems and electromagnetism. Overview of various communication links and their block diagrams eg. fiber-optic, satellite, cellular telephony.

 

Properties of communication media like twisted-pair and co-axial, cables optical fibre, and the atmosphere; amplitude and phase response, fading and timing jitter.

 

Noise and its effects on communication channels: thermal noise, shot noise, 1/f noise, and burst noise. Intersymbol and interchannel interference.

 

High-frequency properties of solid-state devices; High frequency integrated circuit technology.

 

Small-signal high-frequency amplifiers - gain, stability, and noise-figure; multistage amplifiers, impedance matching;

 

Large-signal high frequency amplifiers: amplifier topologies and design; distortion and techniques to minimize distortion.

 

Oscillators: gain stabilization, phase noise; VCO's and PLL's; frequency control and synthesis.

 

Mixers diode and active mixers, distortion in mixers, high-speed sampling gates.

 

Regenerative feedback elements; decision circuits; frequency dividers.

 

Texts/References

R. E. Collin, Foundations of Microwave Engg., 2nd edition, McGraw Hill 1993.

C. A. Lee and C. G. Dalman, Microwave devices and their circuit interaction, Wiley Intl. 1994.

 


EE415 Electrical Design Lab                                                                                              0 1 1.5 3.5     

 

Power Electronic Design: Base drive circuits; Snubber circuits; High frequency magnetics; Selection of various components; Converter design; Switch Mode Power Supplies (SMPS).

 

Basic Design Concepts in Power Apparatus: Transformers, electrical machines and transmission lines; Computer aided design.

 

Texts/References

Ned Mohan, T.M. Undeland and W.P. Robbins, Power Electronics: Converters, Applications and Design, John Wiley, Singapore, 1994

A. K. Sawhney, A Basic Course in Electrical Machine Design, Dhanpatrai and Sons, New Delhi, 1991.

 


EE421 Communication System Theory                                                                                      2 1 0 6      

 

Brief review of signal analysis: Fourier transforms; signal representation and decomposition; deterministic and non-deterministic signals; applications to the study of communication systems.

Communication systems: essential components; modulation; transmission, reception; ideal and non-ideal communication systems; system level analysis

Random variables and processes: probability density functions, discrete and continuous densities; marginal and joint densities; conditional probabilities and functions of random variables; collection of random variables and stochastic processes

 

Mathematical representation of signals and noise: noise as a stochastic process; Gaussian random variables and processes; mean, correlation functions, covariance functions; stationarity and white Gaussian noise; power spectral densities;

 

Comparative study of modulation techniques on S/N ratio basis: the effect of noise on different modulation techniques; figures of merit; amplitude modulation in the presence of noise; frequency modulation in the presence of noise; noise in digital communication systems and how it may be handled.

 

Texts/References

H. Taub and D.L. Shilling, Principles of Communication Systems, McGraw Hill Intl. Student Edition,1971.

M. Schwartz, Information Transmission, Modulation and Noise, McGraw Hill, 1980.

 


EE425 VLSI Technology                                                                                                     2 1 0 6     

 

An Introduction to MOS devices, design of inverters, static and dynamic logic circuits. Domino and zipper logic. Custom, semi-custom and cell library based design. Design of analog building backs. Effect of device scaling on circuit performance.

 

An overview of IC Technology and its requirements. Unit steps used in IC Technology: Wafer cleaning, photo-lithography, wet and dry etching, oxidation and diffusion, ion implantation, CVD and LPCVD techniques for deposition of poly silicon, silicon, silicon nitride and silicon di-oxide. Metallisation and passivation.

 

Special techniques for modern processes : self-aligned silicides, shallow junction formation, nitrided oxides etc. Process flows for CMOS and bipolor IC processes.

 

Introduction to process, device, circuit logic and timing simulation. Hardware desciption languages for high level design.

 

Texts/References

S.M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2nd edition, John Wiley, 1981

N. Weste and K. Eshraghian, CMOS VLSI Design, Addison Wesley, 1993.

S.M. Sze, VLSI Technology, McGraw Hill, 1988.

 


EE426 Digital Communication Systems                                                                                   2 1 0 6         

 

Elements of digital communication systems: source coding, channel coding, modulation/demodulation, Information and channel capacity: Discrete communication channels and their analysis. Baseband data transmission of analog signals. Time-division multiplexing of digital signals. Synchronization methods.

 

Texts/References

K.S. Shanmugam, Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Wiley Int. Pub. 1980.

M. Schwartz, Information Transmission, Modulation and Noise, McGraw Hill Int. Student Edition, 1980.

Proakis J.J., Digital Communications, 2nd edition, Mc Graw Hill 1989.

S.S. Haykin, An Introduction to Analog and Digital Communication Systems, Wiley Eastern 1989.

 


EE429 Discrete Data and Digital Control                                                                                    3 0 0 6  

 

Prerequisite : EE-302

 

Sampling and data reconstruction processes: Sampled - Data control systems, ideal sampler, sampling theorem, sample and hold operations, frequency domain considerations.

 

Z-transforms: Properties Inverse, applications to solution of difference equations, convolution sums;

 

Stability of discrete systems: location of poles, Jury's stability criterion, stability analysis through bilinear transforms.

 

Design of digital control systems: PID controllers and frequency domain compensation design, state variable methods and the discrete linear regulator problem.

 

Texts/References

M. Gopal, Digital Control Engineering, Wiley Eastern, 1988.

K.J Astrom, B Wittenmark, Computer Controlled Systems, 2nd edition Prentice -Hall India 1994

R. Isermann, Digital Control, Vol 1 Narosa Publications, 1993.

 


EE432 Special Semiconductor Devices                                                                               2 1 0 6             

 

Metal semiconductor contacts, MIS and MOS devices. Power semiconductor devices. Heterojunction devices. Optoelectronic devices. Microwave semiconductor devices. Quantum well devices. Semiconductor memories.

 

Texts/References

Kwok K. Ng, Complete Guide to Semiconductor Devices, McGraw-Hill, 1995.

S.M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, Wiley Eastern, 1981.

S.K. Ghandhi, Semiconductor Power Devices, Wiley Interscience, 1977.

B.J. Baliga, Modern Power Devices, Wiley Interscience, 1987.

P. Bhattacharya, Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices. Prentice-Hall India, 1995.

 


EE433 Electronic Instrumentation                                                                                   3 0 0 6             

 

Instrumentation and isolation amplifiers. Analog switches, S/H circuits, multiplexers and demultiplexers, sampling and quantization, antialiasing filters, Data converters, V/F, F/V, A/D, D/A conversion. Data acquisition system. Signal measurement in the presence of noise. Noise in Electronic systems, design of low noise circuits, Programmable instruments and digital interfacing: serial, parallel. GPIB.

 

Texts/References

B.H. Oliver and J.M. Cage, Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation, McGraw Hill, 1971.

J.A. Alloca, Electronic Instrumentation, Prentice Hall, 1987.

S. Soclof, Applications of Analog Integrated Circuits, Prentice Hall, India, 1990.

A.J. Bowels, Digital Instrumentation, McGraw Hill, 1986.

C.S. Rangan, G.R. Sarma, V.S.V. Mani, Instrumentation Devices and Systems, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1990.

T.S. Rathore, Digital Measurement Techniques, Narosa, New Delhi, 1996.

 


EE434 Industrial Instrumentation                                                                                    3 0 0 6  

 

Introduction: Instrumentation systems. Static and dynamic characteristics of instruments, noise in measurement systems.

 

Instrumentation systems for physical measurements: Measurement and control of displacement, strain, force, torque acceleration, temperature and flow.

 

Non destructive testing : Ultrasonic and eddy current.

 

Signal Conditioning and acquisition: Signal conditioning, signal transmission methods; Data loggers, PC based data acquisition systems, Interfacing and bus standards, programmable logic controllers and their industrial applications.

 

Texts/References

E.O. Doebelin, Measurement Systems, McGraw Hill, 1991.

J.P. Bentley, Principle of Measurement Systems, John Wiley and Sons, 1987.

C.S. Rangan, G.R. Sharma, V.S.V. Mani, Instrumentation Devices and Systems, Tata McGraw Hill, 1997.

D.V.S. Murthy, Transducers and Instrumentation, Prentice Hall, 1997.

M. Tooley, PC Based Instrumentation and Control; Newnes, 1997.

R. Randolf, K.G. Kingham, Jones, Instrumentation Technology, Vol. 5, Butter Worths, 1995.

 


EE437 Analog Filters                                         3 0 0           

 

Filter preliminaries: Terminology; Magnitude and Phase responses; Classification (LPF, HPF, BPF, APF etc.,)

 

Approximation Theory: Butterworth, Chebychev, Elliptic and Bessel Filters; Frequency Transformation.

 

Sensitivity: Basic concepts; Application to filters - Q sensitivity, wp sensitivity. Elements of passive network synthesis: Properties and synthesis of LC, RC driving point and transfer functions; Singly- and Doubly-terminated ladder networks.

 

Basics of Active Filter Synthesis: RC-OPAMP circuits, Biquad circuits based on negative feedback and positive feedback topologies; Active networks based on passive ladder structures; Effects of real OPAMPS on active filters.

 

Introduction to Switched-Capacitor Filters: The MOS switch; Simulation of resistors using Switched -Capacitor circuits.

 

Texts/References

G. Daryanani, Principles of Active Networks Synthesis and Design, John Wiley and Sons, 1976.

A.S. Sedra and P.O. Brockett, Filter Theory and Design: Active and Passive, Matrix Publishers, 1978.

M.E. Van Valkenburg, Analog Filter Design, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1982.

G.S. Moschytz and P. Horn, Active Filter Design Hand-Book, John Wiley and Sons, 1981.

G.S. Moschytz: (Ed.), MOS Switched Capacitor Filters: Analysis and Design, IEEE Press, 1981.

 


EE438 Control System Design                                                                                       2 1 0 6          

 

Pre-requisite: EE-302 (exposure)

 

Introduction to design: State-space models; Performance measures like ISE, ITAE; Quadratic indices; Controllability and Observability.

 

Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR): Performance index; Optimal control law; Algebraic Riccati eqn.; Frequency-domain interpretation.Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG): Statistical descriptions of noise; Kalman filter; Stability margins.

 

H Design: Uncertainty descriptions; Robustness measures; Formulation for control-synthesis; Riccati eqn.; Model-order reduction.

 

Case studies: Inverted pendulum; Missile guidance; Process control.

 

Texts/References

B. Friedland, Control System Design, McGraw Hill 1986.

B.D.O. Anderson and J.B. Moore, Optimal Control - LQ Methods, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1989.

J.C. Doyle, B.A. Francis and A.R. Tannenbaum, Feedback Control Theory, Maxwell Macmilan International Ed., 1992.

 

 


EE450 Computer Control and Automation of Power Systems                                                              2 1 0 6           

 

Introduction to energy control centres; Various states of a power system; SCADA systems and RTUs.

 

EMS software: State estimation; Optimal power flow; Reactive power control; Operator request loadflow; Contingency analysis.

 

Active power control: Speed control of generators; Tie line control; Frequency control; Generation scheduling in an interconnected system; Automatic generation control; Primary and secondary control; Economic dispatch; Performance criteria under transient and steady state conditions.

 

Computer aided protection: Introduction; Basic configuration; Line, bus, generator, transformer protection; Numeric relays and application of DSP to protection.

 

Automation: Monitoring, Protection and control; IEDs; Adaptive relaying.

 

Texts/References

A.G. Phadke and J.S. Thorp, Computer Relaying for Power Systems, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1988.

O.I. Elgerd, Electric Energy System Theory, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1982.

P. Kundur, Power System Stability and Control, McGraw Hill Inc., New York, 1995.

Selected papers from IEEE Computer Applications in Power.

 


EE452 Microwave and Satellite Communication                                                                           2  1  0  6         

Prerequisite : EE-301

 

Microwave components: Tees, circulators, directional couplers, attenuators, phase shifters, S-parameter analysis of microwave components.

 

Microwave sources: Klystron, microwave semiconductor devices,low noise microwave amplifiers, parameteric amplifiers.

 

Physical media and link components: Microwave bands for satellite communication: Satellite microwave link calculations; Earth station components, parabolic dish antennas, G/T ratio.

 

Modulation Schemes used in satellite links: FDMA, TDMA and packet switched systems; spread spectrum techniques and CDMA systems

 

Satellite systems: Statellite classes; statellite orbits: launching of a satellite and their monitoring. Low orbit satellites for mobile communication.

Texts/References

R.E. Collin, Foundations of Microwave Engineering, Mc Graw Hill 2nd Ed. 1992.

D.M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, John Wiley, 1996.

Pratt and Bostian, Satellite Communication, John Wiley International 1986.

 


EE455 Communication Electronics Lab                                                                                            0 0 1.5 1.5     

 

(To Supplement EE-308 and EE-405)