Principles of Electrical Engineering
Principles of Electrical Engineering Lab
Basic Electric Circuits
Electronic Devices and Circuits
Signals and Systems
Digital Circuits Lab
Electrical Machines Lab
Electrical Energy Systems
Electromagnetic Waves Lab
Electronics Design Lab I
Analog Circuits Lab
Control Systems Lab
Power Systems Lab
Electronic Design Lab II
Digital Signal Processing
Electrical Design Lab
Communication System Theory
Digital Communication Systems
Discrete Data and Digital Control
Special Semiconductor Devices
Control System Design
Computer Control and Automation of Power Systems
Microwave and Satellite Communication
Communication Electronics Lab
Fundamental laws of electrical engineering circuit parameters, elementary network theory forced and transient resp
onse, sinusoidal steady state response three-phase circuits, magnetic circuit and transformers.
M.A.Pal, Introduction to Electrical Circuits and Machines, Affiliated East-West Press, 1975.
Vincent eltoro, Principles of Electrical Engineering 2nd Ed. Prentice Hall, 1986.
The laboratory work will be closely parallel and supplement the theory presented on the course: Principles of Electrical Engg.(EE-002)
Semiconductor diode characteristics, transistor characteristics. Biasing Circuit small signal low frequency h-parameter model. Low frequency transistors, amplifiers; FET biasing and low frequency amplifier circuits; RC-coupled amplifiers and oscillators.
Rectifiers and power supplies, Elements of IC regulated power supply.
Op-amps: Parameters and characteristics, inverting and non-inverting mode of its operation, linear applications including the use of op-amps in analog computations and active filters.
Introduction to digital circuits, modulation and demodulation.
Allen Mottershed, “Electronic Devices and Circuits, An Introduction”, EEE Publication, 12th Indian Reprint, 1989.
Y.N. Bapat, “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, Tata McGraw Hill, 9th Reprint, 1989.
A.P. Malvino, “Electronic Principles”, 3rd TMH Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 12th Printing, 1989.
Based on the course EE 004 (Electronics)
Kirchhoff's Laws: KCL, KVL and their limitations.
Classification of devices of an electrical circuit; Basic devices: resistors, controlled sources, diodes, capacitors and inductors, ideal transformers.
Basic circuit analysis methods: nodal, mesh and modified nodal-analysis. Transient analysis of RL, RC and RLC circuits.
Network Theorems: Tellegen's theorem, superposition theorem, Thevenin-Norton theorem, substitution theorem, reciprocity theorem, maxpower-transfer theorem, star-delta- transformation.
Steady state sinusoidal analysis: phasors, phasor diagrams; Power in ac circuits, network analysis methods and network theorems recalled; Polyphase circuits.
Circuits with ideal transformers.
K.V.V. Murthy and M.S.Kamath, Basic Circuit Analysis, 1st edition (reprinted with corrections) Jaico Publishing, 1998.
W.H. Hayt and J.E. Kemmerley, Engineering Circuit Analysis, Int.St.Ed.(4th) McGraw Hill, 1986.
Introduction to Boolean Algebra and Switching Functions, Boolean Minimization, Finite State Machines, Design of synchronous FSMs, FSM Minimization, Asynchronous FSMs.
Bipolar Logic Families (TTL + ECL), MOS logic families (NMOS and CMOS), and their electrical behaviour. Memory Elements, Timing circuits, Elementary combinational and sequential digital circuits: adders, comparators, shift registers, counters. Logic Implementation using Programmable Devices (ROM,PLA,FPGA).
H. Taub and D. Schilling, Digital Integrated Electronics, McGraw Hill, 1977.
D.A. Hodges and H.G. Jackson, Analysis and Design of Digital Integrated Circuits, International Student Edition, McGraw Hill 1983.
F.J. Hill and G.L. Peterson, Switching Theory and Logic Design, John Wiley, 1981.
Z. Kohavi, Switching and Finite Automata Theory, McGraw Hill,1970.
Modeling devices: Static characteristics of ideal two terminal and three terminal devices; Small signal models of non-linear devices.
Introduction to semiconductor equations and carrier statistics: poisson's and continuity equations, Fermi-Dirac statistics and Boltzmann approximation to the Fermi-Dirac statistics.
Semiconductor Diodes: Barrier formation in metal-semiconductor junctions, PN homo- and hetero- junctions; CV characteristics and dopant profiling; IV characteristics; Small signal models of diodes; Some Applications of diodes.
Field Effect Devices : JFET/HFET, MIS structures and MOSFET operation; JFET characteristics and small signal models; MOS capacitor CV and concept of accumulation, depletion and inversion; MOSFET characteristics and small signal models.
Bipolar transistors : IV characteristics and elers-Moll model; small signal models; Charge storage and transient response.
Discrete transistor amplifiers : Common emitter and common source amplifiers; Emitter and source followers.
A. Neamen, Semiconductor Physics and
Devices (IRWIN), Times Mirror High
E.S. Yang, Microelectronic Devices,
J. Millman and A. Grabel, Microelectronics, McGraw Hill, International, 1987.
A.S. Sedra and K.C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, Saunder's College Publishing, 1991.
R.T. Howe and C.G. Sodini, Microelectronics : An integrated Approach, Prentice Hall International, 1997.
Elements of signal space theory: Different types of signals; Linearity, time invariance and causality; Impulse sequence, impulse functions and other singularity functions.
Convolution: Convolution sum, convolution integral and their evaluation; Time-domain representation and analysis of LTI systems based on convolution and differential equations.
Multi input-multi output discrete and continuous systems: state model representation, solution of state equations, state transition matrix.
Transform domain considerations:
Fourier Series and Fourier Transform, Sampling theorem, Discrete Fourier transform (DFT), estimating Fourier transform using DFT.
Introduction to Wavelets.
A. Papoulis, Circuits and Systems, Modern Approach, HRW, 1980
R.F. Ziemer, W.H. Tranter and D.R. Fannin, Signals and Systems - Continuous and Discrete, 4th Edn. Prentice Hall, 1998.
A.V. Oppenheim, A.S. Willsky and I.T. Young, Signals and Systems, Prentice Hall, 1983.
(To Supplement EE-206)
Introduction: Magnetic circuits and transformers, rotating magnetic fields and machines.
Magnetic circuit concept: DC and AC excitation of ferromagnetic structures; Ideal and actual transformer: Equivalent circuits and analysis of transformer; Auto transformers and three-phase transformers.
Electrical energy conversion principles: Energy balance, Energy in singly excited and multiply excited magnetic systems.
Basic concepts of rotating machines: Generated voltage; MMF of distributed windings; Rotating magnetic fields; Torque in Non-salient pole machines; Commutator action.
Important characteristics of DC, Synchronous and Induction motors and generators.
A. E. Fitzgerald, C. Kingsley Jr. and S. D. Umars, Electrical Machinery, McGraw Hill, 1983.
I. J. Nagrath and D. P. Kothari, Electric Machines, Tata McGraw Hill, 1985.
(To supplement EE-207 and EE 152)
(To Supplement EE-218)
Prerequisites : EE-152
Graphs: Paths, connectedness, circuits, cutsets, trees; Matrix representation of directed graphs: incidence, cutset and circuit matrices; Methods of analysis of linear networks: nodal-cutset-mesh- and loop-analysis.
Time and frequency domain
approaches to electrical networks: State equations for linear networks with no
capacitor loops or inductor
cutsets, solution of state equations
for the distinct eigen value case;
2-port networks: 2-port parameters, interconnection of 2-ports and their effect on the parameters, Tellegen's generalized reciprocity theorem.
Multiport and multiterminal networks: their representations and interconnections.
Transfer functions: poles and zeros; Elements of Filter Theory.
N Balabanian and T.A. Bickart, Linear Network Theory : Analysis, Properties, Design and Synthesis, Matrix Publishers, Inc. 1981.
Review of Maxwell's equations, TEM modes in a linear homogenous isotropic medium, polarization, Pointing vector and power flow, TEM waves incident on a boundary - Snell's laws, wave propagation inside a conductor - skin depth, weakly dispersive TEM modes - phase and group velocity.
Field analysis of guided TEM modes (transmission lines), characteristic impedance, voltage and current relationships, impedance discontinuities and standing waves, impedance matching, Smith chart, pulse propagation in transmission lines, lossy lines.
Field analysis of guided non-TEM modes (rectangular and cylindrical waveguides), quantization of modes by boundary conditions, mode cut-off frequencies, dispersion relation, field patterns, power flow, orthogonality of modes, excitation of waveguide modes by coaxial cables, non-TEM modes in coaxial cables.
Electromagnetic radiation - inhomogenous wave equation, solution by potentials (Lienard-Wiechert formula), retarded potentials, radiation from a Hertzian dipole, formulation of the antenna problem as an integral equation, antenna gain, radiation resistance, radiation pattern, antenna feed structures, study of some standard antennas - dipole, array, aperture, horn, and optical.
Ramo, S., Whinnery J.R., and van Duzer, T: Fields and Waves in Communication Electronics, 3rd ed., Wiley Eastern (1997).
R.E. Collin, Foundations for Microwave Engineering, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, 1993.
Narayana Rao, N: Engineering Electromagnetics, 3rd ed., Prentice Hall, 1997.
Pre-requisite: EE-210 (exposure)
Basic concepts: Notion of feed-back; open- and closed-loop systems.
Modelling and representations of control systems: Ordinary differential equations; Transfer functions; Block diagrams; Signal flow graphs; State-space representations.
Performance and stability: Time-domain analysis; Second-order systems; Characteristic- equation and roots; Routh-Hurwitz criteria, Frequency-domain techniques: Root-locus methods; Frequency responses; Bode-plots; Gain-margin and phase-margin; Nyquist plots. Compensator design: Proportional, PI and PID controllers; Lead-lag compensators.
State-space concepts: Controllability, Observability, Minimal representations.
J.C. Doyle, B.A. Francis and A.R. Tannenbaum, Feedback Control Theory, Maxwell Macmilan International Edn., 1992.
C.L. Phillips and
B.C. Kuo, Automatic Control
Systems, 4th Edn., Prentice Hall of India,
G. Franklin, J.D. Powell and A. Emami-Naeini, Feedback Control of Dynamic Systems, Addison Wesley, 1986.
I.J. Nagrath and M. Gopal, Control System Engineering, 2nd Edn., Wiley Eastern, New
Pre-requisite: EE-218 (exposure)
Introduction: Components of a power system; Modelling and representation of transformers, synchronous machines and sub- systems; Per-unit representation.
Transmission Lines: ABCD parameters; Classification; Travelling wave equation for a long line; Surge impedance; Voltage profile along the line; Ferranti effect; Steady-state performance - efficiency and regulation.
Load-flow studies: Steady-state analysis of power network; Gauss-Seidel and Newton-Raphson methods; Reactive power compensation; Tap-changing and phase-shifting transformers.
Economic despatch: Penalty factors including real losses; Automatic generation and control; Steady-state analysis and dynamic response of a single area system.
Fault analysis: Symmetrical 3-phase faults; Symmetrical components; Unsymmetrical faults.
Transient stability studies: Swing equation Equal area criterion; Step-by-step solution of swing curve.
Additional topics: Introduction to protection; Introduction to HVDC systems.
W.D. Stevenson, Elements of Power Systems Analysis, 4th Edn., McGraw Hill, 1982.
I.J. Nagrath and D.P. Kothari, Modern Power System Analysis, 2nd Edn.,
Tata McGraw Hill,
O.I. Elgerd, Electric Energy
Systems Theory: An Introduction, 2nd Edn., Tata McGraw Hill,
Allen J. Wood and B.F. Wollenberg, Power Generation, Operation and Control, 2nd Edn., John Wiley, 1996.
Prerequisite : EE-210 (exposure)
Principles of amplitude modulation: modulation and demodulation of AM, DSBSC, SSB signals and their practical applications, FDM systems.
Principles of angle modulation, frequency and phase modulation, narrow and wide band FM, generation and demodulation of FM signals, phase locked loops, application of FM.
Sampling and quantization of band limited signals. Sampling theorem, pulse-amplitude and pulse-time modulation, PCM, DPCM and Delta modulation. TDM systems.
S.S. Haykin, An Introduction to Analog and Digital Communication Systems, Wiley Eastern 1989.
R.B. Carlson, Communication Systems, (3rd Intl. Ed.), McGraw Hill, 1986.
B.P. Lathi, Communication Systems, John Wiley, 1987.
H. Taub and D.L. Shilling, Principles of Communication Systems, McGraw Hill Intl. Student Edition,1971.
Basic concepts of Microprocessors; architecture of 8085A and its instruction set. Programmable peripheral devices. Design of microprocessor based systems.
Introduction to 8086 microprocessor and its instruction set. Assembly level programming. Representation of floating point numbers. Architecture and instruction set of 8087 processor.
Introduction to microcontrollers and embedded systems.
R. S. Gaonkar, Microprocessor Architecture: Programming and Applications with the 8085/8080A, Wiley Eastern, 1990.
I. Liu, G. A. Gibson, Microcomputer Systems: The 8086/8088 Family, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall, 1986.
Douglas Hall, Microprocessors Interfacing, Tata McGraw Hill, 1991
Kenneth J. Ayala, The 8051 Microcontroller, Penram International Publishing, 1996.
( To supplement EE-309 )
( To supplement EE-301 )
(To Supplement EE-323)
Power electronic devices: Power diodes, power transistors, thyristors, GTO, their characteristics, ratings, protection and cooling;
Power circuit topologies: Series parallel operation of devices; Firing and typical control circuits.
Power electronic converters: Phase controlled (AC/DC), 1-phase/3-Phase, semi/full; Analysis and performance with passive load, typical control circuit; Harmonics and power factor; Voltage controllers(AC/DC), 1-phase/3-phase; Typical control circuits for integral control/phase control strategies. DC/AC inverters: 1-phase/3-phase;
VSI, PWM, CSI, frequency and voltage control; Harmonics and power quality, typical control circuits; High frequency inverters.
C. W. Lander, Power Electronics, McGraw Hill, 1993.
G. K. Dubey, S. R. Doradla, A. Joshi, R. M. K.Sinha, Thyristorised Power Controllers, Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1987.
M. H. Rashid, Power Electronics: Circuits, Devices and Applications, Prentice Hall of India, 1994.
Introduction to operational amplifiers: The difference amplifier and the ideal operational amplifier models, concept of negative feedback and virtual short; Analysis of simple operational amplifier circuits; Frequency response of amplifiers, Bode plots.
Feedback: Feedback topologies and analysis for discrete transistor amplifiers; stabillity of feedback circuits using Barkhausen criteria.
Linear applications of operational amplifiers: Instrumentation and Isolation amplifiers; Current and voltage sources; Active filters.
Non-linear applications of operational amplifiers: Comparators, clippers and clampers; Linearization amplifiers; Precision rectifiers; Logarithmic amplifiers, multifunction circuits and true rms convertors.
Waveform Generation: sinusoidal feedback oscillators; Relaxation oscillators, square-triangle oscillators.
Real operational amplifiers: Current sources and active loads, difference, intermediate and output stages including Miller capacitors for frequency computation; Operational amplifier parameters; Effects of real operational amplifier parameters on circuit performance.
Analog and Digital interface circuits: A/D, D/A Converters, S/H circuits and multiplexers.
J.V. Wait, L.P. Huelsman and GA Korn, Introduction to Operational Amplifier theory and applications, 2nd edition, McGraw Hill, New York, 1992.
J. Millman and A. Grabel, Microelectronics, 2nd edition, McGraw Hill, 1988.
P. Horowitz and W. Hill, The Art of Electronics, 2nd edition, Cambridge University Press, 1989.
A.S. Sedra and K.C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, Saunder's College Publishing, 1991.
(To supplement EE-302 )
( To supplement EE-304 )
This laboratory would impart skills needed to integrate systems with proper user interfaces after alpha-testing of products.
Discrete time signals: Sequences; representation of signals on orthogonal basis; Sampling and reconstruction of signals;
Discrete systems: attributes, Z-Transform, Analysis of LSI systems, Frequency analysis, Inverse Systems, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT), Fast Fourier Transform algorithm, Implementation of Discrete Time Systems.
Design of FIR Digital filters: Window method, Park-McClellan's method.
Design of IIR Digital Filters: Butterworth, Chebyshev and Elliptic Approximations; Lowpass, Bandpass, Bandstop and High pass filters.
Effect of finite register length in FIR filter design.
Parametric and non-parametric spectral estimation. Introduction to multirate signal processing.
Application of DSP to Speech and Radar signal processing.
A.V. Oppenheim and Schafer, Discrete Time Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1989.
John G. Proakis and D.G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Applications, Prentice Hall, 1997.
L.R. Rabiner and B. Gold, Theory and Application of Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992.
J.R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992.
D. J. DeFatta, J.
G. Lucas and
Review of communication systems and electromagnetism. Overview of various communication links and their block diagrams eg. fiber-optic, satellite, cellular telephony.
Properties of communication media like twisted-pair and co-axial, cables optical fibre, and the atmosphere; amplitude and phase response, fading and timing jitter.
Noise and its effects on communication channels: thermal noise, shot noise, 1/f noise, and burst noise. Intersymbol and interchannel interference.
High-frequency properties of solid-state devices; High frequency integrated circuit technology.
Small-signal high-frequency amplifiers - gain, stability, and noise-figure; multistage amplifiers, impedance matching;
Large-signal high frequency amplifiers: amplifier topologies and design; distortion and techniques to minimize distortion.
Oscillators: gain stabilization, phase noise; VCO's and PLL's; frequency control and synthesis.
Mixers diode and active mixers, distortion in mixers, high-speed sampling gates.
Regenerative feedback elements; decision circuits; frequency dividers.
R. E. Collin, Foundations of Microwave Engg., 2nd edition, McGraw Hill 1993.
C. A. Lee and C. G. Dalman, Microwave devices and their circuit interaction, Wiley Intl. 1994.
Power Electronic Design: Base drive circuits; Snubber circuits; High frequency magnetics; Selection of various components; Converter design; Switch Mode Power Supplies (SMPS).
Basic Design Concepts in Power Apparatus: Transformers, electrical machines and transmission lines; Computer aided design.
T.M. Undeland and
W.P. Robbins, Power Electronics: Converters, Applications and
Design, John Wiley,
A. K. Sawhney, A Basic
Course in Electrical Machine
Design, Dhanpatrai and Sons,
Brief review of signal analysis: Fourier transforms; signal representation and decomposition; deterministic and non-deterministic signals; applications to the study of communication systems.
Communication systems: essential components; modulation; transmission, reception; ideal and non-ideal communication systems; system level analysis
Random variables and processes: probability density functions, discrete and continuous densities; marginal and joint densities; conditional probabilities and functions of random variables; collection of random variables and stochastic processes
Mathematical representation of signals and noise: noise as a stochastic process; Gaussian random variables and processes; mean, correlation functions, covariance functions; stationarity and white Gaussian noise; power spectral densities;
Comparative study of modulation techniques on S/N ratio basis: the effect of noise on different modulation techniques; figures of merit; amplitude modulation in the presence of noise; frequency modulation in the presence of noise; noise in digital communication systems and how it may be handled.
H. Taub and D.L. Shilling, Principles of Communication Systems, McGraw Hill Intl. Student Edition,1971.
M. Schwartz, Information Transmission, Modulation and Noise, McGraw Hill, 1980.
An Introduction to MOS devices, design of inverters, static and dynamic logic circuits. Domino and zipper logic. Custom, semi-custom and cell library based design. Design of analog building backs. Effect of device scaling on circuit performance.
An overview of IC Technology and its requirements. Unit steps used in IC Technology: Wafer cleaning, photo-lithography, wet and dry etching, oxidation and diffusion, ion implantation, CVD and LPCVD techniques for deposition of poly silicon, silicon, silicon nitride and silicon di-oxide. Metallisation and passivation.
Special techniques for modern processes : self-aligned silicides, shallow junction formation, nitrided oxides etc. Process flows for CMOS and bipolor IC processes.
Introduction to process, device, circuit logic and timing simulation. Hardware desciption languages for high level design.
S.M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2nd edition, John Wiley, 1981
N. Weste and K. Eshraghian, CMOS VLSI Design, Addison Wesley, 1993.
S.M. Sze, VLSI Technology, McGraw Hill, 1988.
Elements of digital communication systems: source coding, channel coding, modulation/demodulation, Information and channel capacity: Discrete communication channels and their analysis. Baseband data transmission of analog signals. Time-division multiplexing of digital signals. Synchronization methods.
K.S. Shanmugam, Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Wiley Int. Pub. 1980.
M. Schwartz, Information Transmission, Modulation and Noise, McGraw Hill Int. Student Edition, 1980.
Proakis J.J., Digital Communications, 2nd edition, Mc Graw Hill 1989.
S.S. Haykin, An Introduction to Analog and Digital Communication Systems, Wiley Eastern 1989.
Prerequisite : EE-302
Sampling and data reconstruction processes: Sampled - Data control systems, ideal sampler, sampling theorem, sample and hold operations, frequency domain considerations.
Z-transforms: Properties Inverse, applications to solution of difference equations, convolution sums;
Stability of discrete systems: location of poles, Jury's stability criterion, stability analysis through bilinear transforms.
Design of digital control systems: PID controllers and frequency domain compensation design, state variable methods and the discrete linear regulator problem.
M. Gopal, Digital Control Engineering, Wiley Eastern, 1988.
K.J Astrom, B Wittenmark,
Computer Controlled Systems, 2nd edition Prentice -Hall
R. Isermann, Digital Control, Vol 1 Narosa Publications, 1993.
Metal semiconductor contacts, MIS and MOS devices. Power semiconductor devices. Heterojunction devices. Optoelectronic devices. Microwave semiconductor devices. Quantum well devices. Semiconductor memories.
Kwok K. Ng, Complete Guide to Semiconductor Devices, McGraw-Hill, 1995.
S.M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, Wiley Eastern, 1981.
S.K. Ghandhi, Semiconductor Power Devices, Wiley Interscience, 1977.
B.J. Baliga, Modern Power Devices, Wiley Interscience, 1987.
P. Bhattacharya, Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices. Prentice-Hall
Instrumentation and isolation amplifiers. Analog switches, S/H circuits, multiplexers and demultiplexers, sampling and quantization, antialiasing filters, Data converters, V/F, F/V, A/D, D/A conversion. Data acquisition system. Signal measurement in the presence of noise. Noise in Electronic systems, design of low noise circuits, Programmable instruments and digital interfacing: serial, parallel. GPIB.
B.H. Oliver and J.M. Cage, Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation, McGraw Hill, 1971.
J.A. Alloca, Electronic Instrumentation, Prentice Hall, 1987.
Applications of Analog
Integrated Circuits, Prentice
A.J. Bowels, Digital Instrumentation, McGraw Hill, 1986.
C.S. Rangan, G.R. Sarma, V.S.V. Mani, Instrumentation Devices and Systems, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1990.
T.S. Rathore, Digital Measurement
Introduction: Instrumentation systems. Static and dynamic characteristics of instruments, noise in measurement systems.
Instrumentation systems for physical measurements: Measurement and control of displacement, strain, force, torque acceleration, temperature and flow.
Non destructive testing : Ultrasonic and eddy current.
Signal Conditioning and acquisition: Signal conditioning, signal transmission methods; Data loggers, PC based data acquisition systems, Interfacing and bus standards, programmable logic controllers and their industrial applications.
E.O. Doebelin, Measurement Systems, McGraw Hill, 1991.
J.P. Bentley, Principle of Measurement Systems, John Wiley and Sons, 1987.
C.S. Rangan, G.R. Sharma, V.S.V. Mani, Instrumentation Devices and Systems, Tata McGraw Hill, 1997.
D.V.S. Murthy, Transducers and Instrumentation, Prentice Hall, 1997.
M. Tooley, PC Based Instrumentation and Control; Newnes, 1997.
R. Randolf, K.G. Kingham, Jones, Instrumentation Technology, Vol. 5, Butter Worths, 1995.
Filter preliminaries: Terminology; Magnitude and Phase responses; Classification (LPF, HPF, BPF, APF etc.,)
Approximation Theory: Butterworth, Chebychev, Elliptic and Bessel Filters; Frequency Transformation.
Sensitivity: Basic concepts; Application to filters - Q sensitivity, wp sensitivity. Elements of passive network synthesis: Properties and synthesis of LC, RC driving point and transfer functions; Singly- and Doubly-terminated ladder networks.
Basics of Active Filter Synthesis: RC-OPAMP circuits, Biquad circuits based on negative feedback and positive feedback topologies; Active networks based on passive ladder structures; Effects of real OPAMPS on active filters.
Introduction to Switched-Capacitor Filters: The MOS switch; Simulation of resistors using Switched -Capacitor circuits.
G. Daryanani, Principles of Active Networks Synthesis and Design, John Wiley and Sons, 1976.
A.S. Sedra and P.O. Brockett, Filter Theory and Design: Active and Passive, Matrix Publishers, 1978.
M.E. Van Valkenburg, Analog Filter Design, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1982.
G.S. Moschytz and P. Horn, Active Filter Design Hand-Book, John Wiley and Sons, 1981.
G.S. Moschytz: (Ed.), MOS Switched Capacitor Filters: Analysis and Design, IEEE Press, 1981.
Pre-requisite: EE-302 (exposure)
Introduction to design: State-space models; Performance measures like ISE, ITAE; Quadratic indices; Controllability and Observability.
Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR): Performance index; Optimal control law; Algebraic Riccati eqn.; Frequency-domain interpretation.Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG): Statistical descriptions of noise; Kalman filter; Stability margins.
H Design: Uncertainty descriptions; Robustness measures; Formulation for control-synthesis; Riccati eqn.; Model-order reduction.
Case studies: Inverted pendulum; Missile guidance; Process control.
B. Friedland, Control System Design, McGraw Hill 1986.
B.D.O. Anderson and J.B. Moore, Optimal
Control - LQ Methods, Prentice Hall of India,
J.C. Doyle, B.A. Francis and A.R. Tannenbaum, Feedback Control Theory, Maxwell Macmilan International Ed., 1992.
Introduction to energy control centres; Various states of a power system; SCADA systems and RTUs.
Active power control: Speed control of generators; Tie line control; Frequency control; Generation scheduling in an interconnected system; Automatic generation control; Primary and secondary control; Economic dispatch; Performance criteria under transient and steady state conditions.
Computer aided protection: Introduction; Basic configuration; Line, bus, generator, transformer protection; Numeric relays and application of DSP to protection.
Automation: Monitoring, Protection and control; IEDs; Adaptive relaying.
A.G. Phadke and J.S. Thorp, Computer Relaying
for Power Systems, John Wiley
O.I. Elgerd, Electric Energy System Theory, Tata McGraw Hill,
P. Kundur, Power
System Stability and Control,
McGraw Hill Inc.,
Selected papers from IEEE Computer Applications in Power.
Prerequisite : EE-301
Microwave components: Tees, circulators, directional couplers, attenuators, phase shifters, S-parameter analysis of microwave components.
Microwave sources: Klystron, microwave semiconductor devices,low noise microwave amplifiers, parameteric amplifiers.
Physical media and link components: Microwave bands for satellite communication: Satellite microwave link calculations; Earth station components, parabolic dish antennas, G/T ratio.
Modulation Schemes used in satellite links: FDMA, TDMA and packet switched systems; spread spectrum techniques and CDMA systems
Satellite systems: Statellite classes; statellite orbits: launching of a satellite and their monitoring. Low orbit satellites for mobile communication.
R.E. Collin, Foundations of Microwave Engineering, Mc Graw Hill 2nd Ed. 1992.
D.M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, John Wiley, 1996.
Pratt and Bostian, Satellite Communication, John Wiley International 1986.
(To Supplement EE-308 and EE-405)