
EE101 Introduction to Electrical and Electronic Circuits 
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Introduction, basic physical laws, circuit elements,KVL, KCL, and a few important circuit theorems, simple circuits,Transients in RL, RC, RLC, Sinusoidal Steady State, Real/Reactive Power, Three Phase Working Principles of Transformers/AC/DC machines Functional Characteristics of Diode, BJT, OPAMP.Analog circuit Examples: rectifiers, amplifiers, oscillators etc.Digital Circuits: AND/OR gates, Flip Flops, DAC/ADC etc. 
Text/References

 incent Del Toro, `Electrical Engineering Fundamental, Prentice Hall, 1989
 K.A.Krishnamurthy and M.R.Raghuveer, `Electrical and Electronics Engineering for Scientists', Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1993.







EE111 Introduction to Electrical Systems 
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Passive elements, Sources, Review of Kirchhoff's Laws: KCL, KVL,Mesh and Nodal analysis,Steady state ac circuit analysis, phasors,Single phase, Power, Reactive power, Power factor improvement, 3 phase circuits
Magnetic circuits and Mutual inductance Transformers, DC machines, Induction machines (1 and 3 phase), Synchronous machines, Stepper motor,Introduction to Power Engineering 
Text/References

 1. Vincent Del Toro, `Electrical Engineering Fundamental, Prentice Hall, 1989
 2. P.C.Sen, `Principles of Electrical Machines and Power
Electronics', John Wiley and Sons 1989
 3. I.J.Nagrath, `Basic Electrical Engineering', Tata McGraw Hill,India. 1988.







EE112 Introduction to Electronics 
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Semiconductor Devices : Diode, Zener circuits,BJT : simple biasing methods, MOSFET, DC Power supply OPAMP based circuits including Schmitt trigger and astable multivibrator,Feedback amplifiers, Oscillators, Boolean logic, basic gates, truth tables, logic minimization using K maps, combinatorial and sequential circuits, DAC and ADC .Introduction to Communication Engineering

Text/References

 1. Jacob Millman and A. Grabel, `Microelectronics', Tata McGrawHill,New Delhi, 1999
 2. Ramakant Gayakwad, `Opamps and Linear Integrated circuits', Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 1988.







EE203 Electronic Devices (Minor Course) 
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Modeling devices: Static characteristics of ideal two terminal and three terminal devices, Small signal models of nonlinear devices.Introduction to semiconductor equations and carrier statistics: poisson's and continuity equations, FermiDirac statistics and Boltzmann approximation to the FermiDirac statistics.Semiconductor Diodes: Barrier formation in metalsemiconductor junctions, PN homo and hetero junctions, CV characteristics and dopant profiling, IV characteristics, Small signal models of diodes, Some Applications of diodes.Field Effect Devices : JFET/HFET, MIS structures and MOSFET operation; JFET characteristics and small signal models, MOS capacitor CV and concept of accumulation, depletion and inversion, MOSFET characteristics and small signal models.Bipolar transistors : IV characteristics and elersMoll model, small signal models, Charge storage and transient response.Discrete transistor amplifiers : Common emitter and common source amplifiers, Emitter and source followers. 
Text/References

 D. A. Neamen, Semiconductor Physics and Devices (IRWIN), Times Mirror High
Education Group, Chicago) 1997.
 E.S. Yang, Microelectronic Devices, McGraw Hill, Singapore, 1988.
 B.G. Streetman, Solid State Electronic Devices, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1995.
 J. Millman and A. Grabel, Microelectronics, McGraw Hill, International, 1987.
 A.S. Sedra and K.C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, Saunder's College, Publishing, 1991.
 R.T. Howe and C.G. Sodini, Microelectronics : An integrated Approach, Prentice,Hall International, 1997.







EE204 Analog Circuits 
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Introduction to operational amplifiers: The difference amplifier and the ideal operational amplifier models, concept of negative feedback and virtual short, Analysis of simple operational amplifier circuits,Frequency response of amplifiers, Bode plots.Feedback: Feedback topologies and analysis for discrete transistor amplifiers, stability of feedback circuits using Barkhausen criteria.Linear applications of operational amplifiers: Instrumentation and Isolation amplifiers, Current and voltage sources, Active filters.Nonlinear applications of operational amplifiers: Comparators, clippers and clampers, Linearization amplifiers; Precision rectifiers, Logarithmic amplifiers, multifunction circuits and true rms convertors.
Waveform Generation: sinusoidal feedback oscillators, Relaxation oscillators, squaretriangle oscillators
Real operational amplifiers: Current sources and active loads, difference, intermediate and output stages including Miller capacitors for frequency computation, Operational amplifier parameters; Effects of real operational amplifier parameters on circuit performance.
Analog and Digital interface circuits: A/D, D/A Converters, S/H circuits and multiplexers.

Text/References

 J.V.Wait, L.P.Huelsman and GA Korn, Introduction to Operational Amplifier theory and applications, 2nd edition,McGraw Hill, New York, 1992.
 J. Millman and A. Grabel, Microelectronics, 2nd edition, McGraw Hill, 1988.
 P. Horowitz and W. Hill, The Art of Electronics, 2nd edition,Cambridge University Press, 1989.
 A.S.Sedra and K.C. Smith,Microelectronic Circuits, Saunder's College Publishing,Edition IV
 Paul R.Gray \& Robert G.Meyer, Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits, Wiley, 3 rd Edition.







EE207 Electronic Devices and Circuits 
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Modeling devices: Static characteristics of ideal two terminal and three terminal devices; Small signal models of nonlinear devices.
Introduction to semiconductor equations and carrier statistics: poisson's and continuity equations, FermiDirac statistics and Boltzmann approximation to the FermiDirac statistics.
Semiconductor Diodes: Barrier formation in metalsemiconductor junctions, PN homo and hetero junctions; CV characteristics and dopant profiling; IV characteristics; Small signal models of diodes; Some Applications of diodes.
Field Effect Devices : JFET/HFET, MIS structures and MOSFET operation; JFET characteristics and small signal models; MOS capacitor CV and concept of accumulation, depletion and inversion; MOSFET characteristics and small signal models.
Bipolar transistors : IV characteristics and elersMoll model; small signal models; Charge storage and transient response.
Discrete transistor amplifiers : Common emitter and common source amplifiers; Emitter and source followers. 
Text/References

 D. A. Neamen, Semiconductor Physics and Devices (IRWIN), Times Mirror High Education Group, Chicago) 1997

E.S. Yang, Microelectronic Devices, McGraw Hill, Singapore, 1988

B.G. Streetman, Solid State Electronic Devices, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1995

J. Millman and A. Grabel, Microelectronics, McGraw Hill, International, 1987.
A.S. Sedra and K.C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, Saunder's College Publishing, 1991

R.T. Howe and C.G. Sodini, Microelectronics : An integrated Approach, Prentice Hall International, 1997







EE210 Signals and Systems 
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Continuoustime signals and systems: signal characteristics, common signals, properties of continuoustime systems.Continuous linear timeinvariant systems: impulse response, convolution, linear constantcoefficient differential equations.Fourier series, Fourier transform Laplace transform: system analysis frequency response, analog filters.
Statespace analysis for continuoustime systems Discretetime signals and systems
Discretetime LTI systems: convolution, difference equations. Sampling 
Text/References

 R.F.Ziemer,W.H.Tranter and D.R.Fannin,Signals and Systems  Continuous and Discrete, 4th Edn. Prentice Hall, 1998
 A.V. Oppenheim, A.S. Willsky and I.T. Young, Signals and Systems, Prentice Hall, 1983
 B.P. Lathi, Signal Processing and Linear Systems,Oxford University Press, 1998







EE214 Digital Circuits Laboratory 
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To supplement EE112 and Digital Systems Course 








EE221 Digital Electronics (Minor Course) 
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Introduction to Boolean Algebra and Switching Functions, Boolean Minimization, Finite State Machines, Design of synchronous FSMs, FSM Minimization, Asynchronous FSMs. Bipolar Logic Families (TTL + ECL), MOS logic families (NMOS and CMOS),and their electrical behaviour. Memory Elements, Timing circuits, Elementary combinational and sequential digital circuits: adders, comparators, shift registers, counters. Logic Implementation using Programmable Devices (ROM,PLA,FPGA). 
Text/References

 H. Taub and D. Schilling, Digital Integrated Electronics, McGraw Hill, 1977.

D.A. Hodges and H.G. Jackson, Analysis and Design of Digital Integrated Circuits,
International Student Edition, McGraw Hill 1983.
 F.J. Hill and G.L. Peterson, Switching Theory and Logic Design, John Wiley, 1981.
 Z. Kohavi, Switching and Finite Automata Theory,McGraw Hill,1970.







EE222 Electrical Machines and Power Electronics 
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Review of principles of operation of dc, induction and synchronous machines. Operating Characteristics of dc and ac machines, Speed control of dc and induction motors.Operating characteristics of power semiconductor devices, principle of operation of single and three phase acdc line commutated converters, introduction to unity power factor converters. Principle of operation dcdc (buck, boost, buckboost, cuk, flyback and forward) converters. Principle of operation single phase and three phase dcac converters, PWM techniques. 
Text/References

 P.C. Sen, Principles of Electric Machines and Power Electronics, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons1996
 M.H. Rashid, Power Electronics Circuits, Devices and Applications, Third Edition, PrenticeHall of India Private Limited, New Delhi2004.







EE224 Digital Systems 
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Review of basic combinational and sequential logic, Review of digital electronics,Digital Logic Families: TTL, CMOS etc.,Number systems and basic digital arithmetic,Finite State Machine Design, Analysis and Synthesis,
Introduction to Hardware Description Language,Array based logic elements (Memory, PLA, FPGA),Special Topics (such as processor design, testing and verification, special digital systems, asynchronous state machines etc.) 
Text/References

 J.F.Wakerly: Digital Design, Principles and Practices,4th Edition,Pearson Education, 2005
 Charles H Roth: Digital Systems Design using VHDL, Thomson Learning, 1998
 H.Taub and D. Schilling, Digital Integrated Electronics, McGraw Hill, 1977
 D.A. Hodges and H.G. Jackson, Analysis and Design of Digital Integrated Circuits, International Student Edition, McGraw Hill, 1983.
 F.J. Hill and G.L. Peterson, Switching Theory and Logic Design, John Wiley, 1981.
 Z. Kohavi, Switching and Finite Automata Theory, McGraw Hill, 1970.







EE225 Network Theory 
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Graphs of networks; current and voltage spaces of graphs and their representations: incidence, cutset and circuit matrices; Tellegen's Theorem. Formal study of methods of analysis such as nodal, modified nodal, cutset, loop analysis for linear networks.
Multiport representation for networks with particular emphasis on 2ports. Time domain analysis of R, L, M, C, controlled sources, networks using state space methods. Introduction to sdomain methods. 
Text/References

 N Balabanian and T.A. Bickart, Linear Network Theory: Analysis, Properties, Design and Synthesis, Matrix Publishers, Inc. 1981
 L.O. Chua, C.A. Desoer, E.S. Kuh, Linear and Nonlinear Circuits, McGraw  Hill International Edition 1987.







EE227 Microelectronics 
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Building blocks of integrated electronic systems used for:
Information processing, storage, communication and interfacing,Sensing
and transduction,Energy conversion and storage
Aspects of modern electronics manufacturing:
Semiconductor design,
Semiconductor fabrication,
Economics and policy 
Text/References

 Rainer Waser, Nanoelectronics and Information Technology, 3rd Ed., Wiley
2012







EE230 Analog Circuits Laboratory 
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To supplement Analog Circuits Course 








EE232 Analog Electronics (Minor Course) 
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Introduction to operational amplifiers: The difference amplifier and the ideal operational amplifier models, concept of negative feedback and virtual short, Analysis of simple operational amplifier circuits, Frequency response of amplifiers, Bode plots.
Feedback: Feedback topologies and analysis for discrete transistor amplifiers, stabillity of feedback circuits using Barkhausen criteria.Linear applications of operational amplifiers: Instrumentation and Isolation amplifiers, Current and voltage sources, Active filters. Nonlinear applications of operational amplifiers: Comparators, clippers and clampers, Linearization amplifiers, Precision rectifiers, Logarithmic amplifiers, multifunction circuits and true rms convertors.Waveform Generation:sinusoidal feedback oscillators, Relaxation oscillators, squaretriangle oscillators.
Real operational amplifiers: Current sources and active loads, difference, intermediate and output stages including Miller capacitors for frequency computation; Operational amplifier parameters; Effects of real operational amplifier parameters on circuit performance.
Analog and Digital interface circuits: A/D, D/A Converters, S/H circuits and multiplexers. 
Text/References

 J.V. Wait, L.P. Huelsman and GA Korn, Introduction to Operational Amplifier theory and applications, 2nd edition, McGraw Hill,New York, 1992.
 J. Millman and A. Grabel, Microelectronics, 2nd edition, McGraw Hill, 1988.
 P. Horowitz and W. Hill, The Art of Electronics, 2nd edition, Cambridge University Press, 1989.
 A.S. Sedra and K.C.Smith,Microelectronic Circuits, Saunder's College Publishing, 1991.







EE234 Electrical Machines Laboratory 
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To supplement EE111 and Electrical Machines and Power Electronics Course 








EE236 Electronic Devices Laboratory 
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To supplement EE112 and Electronic Devices Course 








EE301 Electromagnetic Waves 
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Transmission line equations. Impedance of loaded and unloaded transmission
lines. Reflections and VSWR. Smith chart and its use in impedance matching
and other transmission line problems.Propagation of electromagnetic waves
in different media. Reflection and refraction at different boundaries.
Total reflection and polarizing angle. Ground wave and sky wave
propagation.Parallel plane and rectangular waveguides. Attenuation in wave
guides.Radiation of electromagnetic waves. Dipole and array of dipoles for
medium wave and short wave transmission.

Text/References

 R K Shevgaonkar, Electromagnetic Waves, McGraw Hill Education, India 2006.
 D K Cheng, Fundamentals of Eleectromagnetics, Addison Wesley, MA 1993.
 E.C. Jordon and E.G. Balmain, Electromagnetic Waves and Radiation Systems, 2nd Ed.Prentice Hall India, 1986.







EE302 Control Systems 
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Basic concepts: Notion of feedback, open and closedloop systems.Modeling and representations of control systems: Ordinary differential equations, Transfer functions, Block diagrams, Signal flow graphs, Statespace representations,Performance and stability: Timedomain analysis, Secondorder systems, Characteristicequation and roots, RouthHurwitz criteria,
Frequencydomain techniques: Rootlocus methods, Frequency responses, Bodeplots, Gainmargin and phasemargin, Nyquist plots, Compensator design: Proportional, PI and PID controllers, Leadlag compensators.
Statespace concepts: Controlability, Observability, pole placement result,
Minimal representations. 
Text/References

 Norman S. Nise, Control Systems Engineering, 4th edition, New York, John Wiley, 2003. (Indian edition)
 G. Franklin, J.D. Powell and A. EmamiNaeini, Feedback Control of Dynamic Systems,Addison Wesley, 1986.
 I.J. Nagrath and M. Gopal, Control System Engineering, 2nd Edn.Wiley Eastern, New Delhi, 1982.
 J.C. Doyle, B.A. Francis and A.R. Tannenbaum, Feedback Control Theory,
Maxwell Macmilan International Edn. 1992.

C.L. Phillips and R.D. Harbour, Feedback Control Systems, Prentice Hall, 1985

B.C. Kuo, Automatic Control Systems, 4th Edn. Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1985.







EE308 Communication Systems 
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Review of signals and systems, Frequency domain of signals, Principles of Amplitude Modulation Systems DSB, SSB and VSB modulations. Angle Modulation., Representation of FM and PM signals. Spectral characteristics of angle modulated signals.Review of probability and random process. Gaussian and white noise characteristics. Noise in amplitude modulation systems. Noise in Frequency modulation systems. Preemphasis and Deemphasis. Threshold effect in angle modulation. Pulse modulation. Sampling process. Pulse Amplitude and Pulse code modulation (PCM).Differential pulse code modulation. Delta modulation. Noise considerations in PCM. Time Division multiplrxing. Digital Multiplexers. 
Text/References

 Haykin S.,"Communications Systems", John Wiley and Sons, 2001.
 Proakis J. G. and Salehi M., "Communication Systems Engineering",Pearson Education, 2002.
 Taub H. and Schilling D.L., "Prnciples of Communication Systems",Tata McGraw Hill, 2001.







EE309 Microprocessors 
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Block diagram view of a general purpose processor; elements of hardware and software architectures; introduction to concepts of data and control paths, registers and memory organization. Instruction set basics and assembly language programming: instruction structure and addressing modes, instruction encoding, and study of 8085A instruction set, hardware architecture and interrupts. Introduction to microcontrollers. 8051 hardware and instruction set architecture, timers/counters, interrupts and serial interface (including multiprocessor communication). Interfacing basics using examples of I/O devices: parallel port, serial ports, keypad, display, etc. Introductory discussion on processor performance evaluation and design using a RISC ISA (including concepts of pipelining, pipelining hazards, cache, virtual memory and parallelism). 
Text/References

 R.S. Ganorkar, Microprocessor Architecture, Programming, and Applications with the 8085, Penram International Publishing, Fifth Edition, 2011.
 J.H. Hennessy, and D.A. Patterson, Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approch, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Fourth Edition, 2006.
 Kenneth J. Ayala, The 8051 Microcontroller, Architecture, Programming and Applications, Penram International Publishing, 1996.







EE324 Control Systems Laboratory 
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To supplement Control Systems Course 








EE325 Probability and Random Processes 
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Sets and set operations; Probability space, Conditional probability and Bayes theorem,Combinatorial probability and sampling models, Discrete random variables, probability mass function, probability distribution function, example random variables and distributions, Continuous random variables, probability density function, probability distribution function, example distributions, Joint distributions, functions of one and two random variables, moments of random variables, Conditional distribution, densities and moments, Characteristic functions of a random variable, Markov, Chebyshev and Chernoff bounds; Random sequences and modes of convergence (everywhere, almost everywhere, probability, distribution and mean square), Limit theorems, Strong and weak laws of large numbers, central limit theorem.Random process. Stationary processes. Mean and covariance functions.Ergodicity. Transmission of random process through LTI. Power spectral density. 
Text/References

 H.Stark and J. Woods,``Probability and Random Processes with Applications to Signal Processing,'' Third Edition, Pearson Education. (Indian Edition is available).
 A. Papoulis and S. Unnikrishnan Pillai, ``Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Processes,'' Fourth Edition, McGraw Hill. (Indian Edition is available).
 K. L. Chung, Introduction to Probability Theory with Stochastic Processes,
Springer International Student Edition.
 P. G. Hoel,S. C.Port and C.J. Stone Introduction to Probability, UBS Publishers,l
 P. G. Hoel, S. C. Port and C. J. Stone, Introduction to Stochastic Processes,UBS Publishers
 S. Ross, Introduction to Stochastic Models, Harcourt Asia, Academic Press.







EE327 Signal Processing (Minor Course) 
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Introduction to continuous and Discretetime signal and Sequence, introduction to system and its properties : Linearity, time invariance and causality,Analysis of A LTI System:(a) impulse response, Convolution sum convolution integral(b) differential equation and Difference equation(c) transform domain considerations: Laplace transform and Ztransform, Applications of transforms to discrete and continuous time system analysis, Transfer function, block diagram representation.Fourier Series and Fourier Transform (FT), Discretetime FT (DTFT),Discrete FT (DFT), fast Fourier transform (FFT).Sampling theorem,Design of Digital filters:(a) FIR, and (b) IIR
Introduction to spectral estimation 
Text/References

 A.Papoulis, Circuits and Systems, Modern Approach, HRW, 1980
 R.F. Ziemer, W.H. Tranter and D.R. Fannin, Signals and Systems  Continuous and Discrete, 4th Edn. Prentice Hall, 1998.
 A. V.Oppenheim, A. S. Willsky and S. H. NAWAB,, Signals and Systems, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall, 1996.

A.V. Oppenheim R. W. Schafer, AND John R. Buck, Discrete Time Signal Processing, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 1999.
 John G. Proakis and D.G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Applications, Prentice Hall, 1997.

S. K. Mitra, DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING, 3rd edition, McGRAW Hill, 2007
 L.R. Rabiner and B. Gold, Theory and Application of Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992.

J.R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992.







EE328 Digital Communications 
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Review of Random Processes and Spectral analysis. Elements of Detection Theory. Optimum detection of signals in noise. Coherent communication with waveforms Probability of Error evaluations. Baseband Pulse Tranmission Intersymbol Interference and Nyquist criterion. Passband Digital Modulation schemes Phase Shift Keying, Frequency Shift Keying, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation, Continous Phase Modulation and Minimum Shift Keying. Digital Modulation tradeoffs.Optimum demodulation of digital signals over bandlimited channels Maximum likelihood sequence detection (Viterbi receiver). Equalization Techniques. Synchronization and Carrier Recovery for Digital modulation. 
Text/References

 Wozencraft J. M. and Jacobs I. M., ``Principles of Communication Engineering'',
John Wiley, 1965.
 Barry J. R., Lee E. A. and Messerschmitt D. G., ``Digital Communication'',
 Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004.
 Proakis J.G., ``Digital Communications'', 4th Edition, McGraw Hill, 2000.







EE334 Power Systems 
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Power Systems
Evolution of Power Systems, Energy Sources Structure of Bulk Power Systems Basic three phase system concepts
Power System Components: Generators, Loads, Transformers, Transmission Lines etc. Modeling, Performance and Constraints of these components Formulation/Solution of steady state equations for interconnected systems: Balanced and Unbalanced systems.
Positive Sequence Network, Per Unit System, Ybus formation Simple example of a loadflow solution
Introduction to generator swing equations and stability issues, Simple Example of Loss of synchronism
Interconnected System Operation and Control: Operational Objectives, Frequency Control, Voltage Control and Power Flow Control: introduction to HVDC transmission and FACTS
Economic Issues in Power Systems.
Analysis of Faulted Power Systems and Protection: Unbalanced System
Analysis using Sequence Components, Equipment Protection Schemes: Overcurrent, Differential and Distance Protection, Relay coordination
Preventive Control and Emergency Control System Protection Schemes) Blackouts and Restoration

Text/References

 J.J. Grainger and W.D. Stevenson, Power System Analysis, McGrawHill, New York, 1994
 O. I. Elgerd, Electrical Energy System Theory, Tata McGrew Hill, 1995
 A.R. Bergen and V. Vittal, Power System Analysis, Pearson Education Inc., 2000
 D.P. Kothari and I. J. Nagrath, Modern Power System Analysis, Tata McGrew Hill, New Delhi, 2003.







EE337 Microprocessor Laboratory 
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Software experiments using an 8085 Kit to learn its instruction set. Hardware experiments for the use of peripherals like 8251 (USART). Experiments using a development board to learn the instruction set and assembly programming for 8051 family of microcontrollers. Experiments to learn Port IO, control of on chip peripherals such as timers, interfacing with off chip peripherals such as LCD displays, Key boards, Stepper motors and ADC chips. Experiments for the use of other microcontrollers such as PIC using d evelopment boards. 
Text/References

 R. S. Gaonkar, Microprocessor Architecture: Programming and Applications with the 8085/8080A, Penram International Publishing, 1996.
 Kenneth J. Ayala, The 8051 Microcontroller, Penram International Publishing, 1996.







EE338 Digital Signal Processing 
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Discrete time signals: Sequences, representation of signals on orthogonal basis, Sampling and reconstruction of signals,Discrete systems: attributes, ZTransform, Analysis of LSI systems, Frequency analysis, Inverse Systems, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT),Fast Fourier Transform algorithm, Implementation of Discrete Time Systems. Design of FIR Digital filters: Window method, ParkMcClellan's method. Design of IIR Digital Filters: Butterworth, Chebyshev and Elliptic Approximations, Lowpass, Bandpass, Bandstop and High pass filters.
Effect of finite register length in FIR filter design. Parametric and nonparametric spectral estimation. Introduction to multirate signal processing.
Application of DSP to Speech and Radar signal processing. 
Text/References

 A.V. Oppenheim and Schafer, Discrete Time Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1989.

John G. Proakis and D.G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms And Applications, Prentice Hall, 1997.
 L.R. Rabiner and B. Gold, Theory and Application of Digital Signal Processing,
Prentice Hall, 1992.
 J.R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992.
 D. J. DeFatta, J. G. Lucas and W. S. Hodgkiss, Digital Signal Processing,J Wiley and Sons, Singapore, 1988.







EE340 Communications Laboratory 
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To supplement Electromagnetic Waves, Communications Systems and Digital Signal Processing Courses 








EE342 Control and Communications (Minor Course) 
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Review of Signals and System. Fourier Transforms. Linear Feedback System frequency and time domain analysis. Transfer function. Ruth Hurwitz and Nyquist Stability Criteria. Analog Communications System AM, FM and receiver structures. Frequency and Time Divison Multiplexing. Sampling and Pulse Code Modulation (PCM). Pulse Amplitude Modulation.

Text/References

 Lathi, B. P.`Modern Digital and Analog Communications System. Ocford,University Press, 2000., Taub H. and Schilling D. `Principles of Communication Systems., McGraw
Hill International, 2001.
 Kuo B.C. `Automatic Control System., Prentice Hall.







EE344 Electronic Design Lab 
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Basic concepts on measurements; Noise in electronic systems; Sensors and signal conditioning circuits; Introduction to electronic instrumentation and PC based data acquisition; Electronic system design, Analog system Design, Interfacing of analog and digital systems, Embedded systems, Electronic system design employing microcontrollers, CPLDs, and FPGAs, PCB design and layout; System assembly considerations. Group projects involving electronic hardware (Analog, Digital, mixed signal) leading to implementation of an application will be carried out. 
Text/References

 A. S Sedra and KC Smith, Microelectronic circuits, 5th edition, Oxford University Press, 2007.
 P. Horowitz and W Hill, The Art of Electronics, 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, 1997.
 H.W.Ott, Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems, Wiley, 1989.
 W.C. Bosshart, Printed Circuit Boards: Design and Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1983.
 G.L. Ginsberg, Printed Circuit Design, McGraw Hill, 1991.







EE352 Digital Signal Processing Lab 
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To supplement Digital Signal Processing Course 








EE389 Electronic Design Laboratory 
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Supervised Learning 








EE429 Discrete Data and Digital Control 
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Sampling and data reconstruction processes: Sampled  Data control systems, ideal sampler, sampling theorem, sample and hold operations, frequency domain considerations.
Ztransforms: Properties Inverse, applications to solution of difference equations, convolution sums,Stability of discrete systems: location of poles, Jury's stability criterion, stability analysis through bilinear transforms.,
Design of digital control systems: PID controllers and frequency domain compensation design, state variable methods and the discrete linear regulator problem.

Text/References

 M. Gopal, Digital Control Engineering, Wiley Eastern, 1988.
 K.J Astrom, B Wittenmark, Computer Controlled Systems, 2nd edition Prentice Hall India 1994
 R. Isermann, Digital Control, Vol 1 Narosa Publications, 1993.







EE432 Motivation and impact of optoelectronics – light, matter, and applications 
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Review of Bulk semiconductor physics: crystals, compound semiconductors,
bandstructure, density of states, doping and carrier concentration, Fermi statistics
Optical properties of semiconductors: direct and indirect optical absorption,
excitons, free carrier absorption, refraction, Kramers?Kronig relation, spontaneous
and stimulated emission, Einstein coefficients. Overview of optical properties and
electronic structure of amorphous semiconductors , organic semiconductors.
Electronic transport in semiconductors: continuity equation, diffusion, drift,
mobilities, recombination,.
PN junction: band diagram, thermal equilibrium, electrostatics and Poisson’s
equation, depletion approximation, forward and reverse biased diodes, breakdown,
tunneling, impact ionization, p?i?n diodes, silicon solar cell.
Heterostructures: lattice constants and bandgaps, band offsets and heterostructure
types, growth techniques, quantum wells, Optical properties of Quantum structures,
Schottky diode, heterojunction diodes, role of interfaces, current transport, photoconductors, Photodiodes, Light Emitting Diodes and Laser Diodes 








EE459 Electronic Design Project 
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Modern electronic system design practices involving FPGAs, DSP processors, etc; Electronic System Design Projects. 
Text/References

 A. S Sedra and KC Smith, Microelectronic circuits, 5th edition, Oxford University Press, 2007.
 P. Horowitz and W Hill, The Art of Electronics, 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, 1997.
 H.W.Ott, Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems, Wiley, 1989.
 W.C. Bosshart, Printed Circuit Boards: Design and Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1983.
 G.L. Ginsberg, Printed Circuit Design, McGraw Hill, 1991.







EE601 Statistical Signal Analysis 
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Review of probability theory and random variables: Transformation (function) of random variables, Conditional expectation;Sequences of random variables: convergence of sequences of random variables.;Stochastic processes: wide sense stationary processes, orthogonal increment processes, Wiener process, and the Poisson process, KL expansion.; Ergodicity, Mean square continuity, mean square derivative and mean square integral of stochastic processes.; Stochastic systems: response of linear dynamic systems (e.g. state space or ARMA systems) to stochastic inputs, Lyapunov equations, correlational function, power spectral density function, introduction to linear least square estimation, Wiener filtering and Kalman filtering. 
Text/References

 A. Papoulis, Probability, Random Variables and stochastic processes, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill, 1983.
 A. Larson and B.O. Schubert, Stochastic Processes, Vol.I and II, HoldenDay, 1979.
 W. Gardener, Stochastic Processes, McGraw Hill, 1986.







EE602 Radar Systems 
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Radar theory, different types of radars, Radar signal analysis for range accuracy and resolution. Radar signal detection and estimation techniques, clutter and noise suppression, propagational characteristics over land and sea. Electronic countermeasure. 
Text/References

 M.I.Skolnik, Introduction to Radar Systems, McGraw Hill, 1980.
 D.K.Barton, Modern radar systems analysis, Artech House, 1988.
 B,Edde, Radar: Principles, Technology, Applications, Prentice Hall, 1993.







EE603 Digital Signal Processing and Applications 
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Discrete Time Signals: Sequences; representation of signals on orthogonal basis; Sampling and Reconstruction of signals;Discrete systems: attributes, ZTransform, Analysis of LSI systems, Frequency Analysis, Inverse Systems, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT), Fast Fourier Transform algorithm, Implementation of Discrete Time Systems.;Design of FIR Digital filters: Window method, ParkMcClellan's method.;Design of IIR Digital Filters: Butterworth, Chebyshev and Elliptic Approximations; Lowpass, Bandpass, Bandstop and High pass filters.;Effect of finite register length in FIR filter design.;Parametric and nonparametric spectral estimation. Introduction to multirate signal processing. Application of DSP to Speech and Radar signal processing. 
Text/References

 A.V. Oppenheim and Schafer, Discrete Time Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1989.
 John G. Proakis and D.G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing: Principle, Algorithms and Applications, Prentice Hall, 1997.
 L.R. Rabiner and B. Gold, Theory and Application of Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992.
 J.R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992.
 D. J. DeFatta, J. G. Lucas and W. , Digital Signal Processing, J Wiley and Sons, , 1988.







EE605 Error Correcting Codes 
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Linear block codes : Systematic linear codes and optimum decoding for the binary symmetric channel; Generator and Parity Check matrices, Syndrome decoding on symmetric channels; Hamming codes; Weight enumerators and the MacWilliams identities; Perfect codes.;Introduction to finite fields and finite rings;factorization of (X^n1) over a finite field; Cyclic Codes.; BCH codes; Idempotents and MattsonSolomon polynomials; ReedSolomon codes, Justeen codes, MDS codes, Alterant, Goppa and generalized BCH codes; Spectral properties of cyclic codes. ;Decoding of BCH codes: Berlekamp's decoding algorithm, Massey's minimum shift register synthesis technique and its relation to Berlekamp's algorithm. A fast Berlekamp  Massey algorithm.; Convolution codes; Wozencraft's sequential decoding algorithm, Fann's algorithm and other sequential decoding algorithms; Viterbi decoding algorithm.

Text/References

 F.J. MacWilliams and N.J.A. Slone, The theory of error correcting codes, 1977.
 R.E. Balahut, Theory and practice of error control codes, Addison Wesley, 1983.







EE606 Fibre Optic Communication 
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Introduction to vector nature of light, propagation of light, propagation of light in a cylindrical dielectric rod, Ray model, wave model. Different types of optical fibers, Modal analysis of a step index fiber.;Signal degradation on optical fiber due to dispersion and attenuation. Fabrication of fibers and measurement techniques like OTDR.;Optical sources  LEDs and Lasers, Photodetectors  pindetectors, detector responsivity, noise, optical receivers.;Optical link design  BER calculation, quantum limit, power panelities.;Optical switches  coupled mode analysis of directional couplers, electrooptic switches.;Nonlinear effects in fiber optic links. Concept of selfphase modulation, group velocity dispersion and solition based communication. Optical amplifiers  EDFA, Raman amplifier, and WDM systems. 
Text/References

 J.Keiser, Fibre Optic Communication McGrawHill, 2nd Ed. 1992.
 J.E. Midwinter, Optical fibers for transmission, John Wiley, 1979.
 T. Tamir, Integrated optics, (Topics in Applied Physics Vol.7), SpringerVerlag, 1975.
 J.Gowar, Optical communication systems, , 1987.
 S.E. Miller and A.G. Chynoweth, eds., Optical fibres telecommunications, Academic Press, 1979.
 G.Agrawal, Nonlinear fibre optics, Academic Press, 2nd Ed. 1994.
 G. Agrawal, Fiber optic Communication Systems, John Wiley and sons, , 1992.
 F.C. Allard, Fiber Optics Handbook for engineers and scientists, (1990).







EE608 Adaptive Signal Processing 
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Review of linear and nonlinear estimation theory. Signal modelling. Optimal filtering.;Adaptive filtering as an extension of the optimal least mean square error case Adaptive algorithms: adaptive equalization and echo cancellation; adaptive lattice filters. Application to radar, sonar, geophysics and hydrology, economic processes, communications (spread spectrum techniques). 
Text/References

 S. Haykin, Adaptive filter theory, Prentice Hall, 1986.
 B. Widrow and S.D. Stearns, Adaptive signal processing, Prentice Hall, 1984.







EE609 Radiating Systems 
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Review of antenna theory, dipoles, monopole and loop antennas, linear and planar arrays, array synthesis, phased arrays, helical antennas, radiation from apertures, aperture distribution, horn and parabolic dish antennas, Yagi  Uda and logperiodic antennas, microstrip antennas and arrays, Dielectric Antennas.;Texts/References 
Text/References

 J.D. Karus, Antennas, McGraw Hill, 1988.
 Balanis, Antenna Theory  Analysis and design, John wiley, 1982.
 R.E. Collin, Antennas and radiowave propagation, McGraw Hill, 1985.
 R.C. Johnson and H. Jasik, Antenna Engineering Handbook, McGraw Hill, 1984.
 I.J. Bahl and P. Bhartia, Microstrip antennas, Artech house,1980.







EE610 Image Processing 
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Image representation  Gray scale and colour Images, image sampling and quantization.;Two dimensional orthogonal transforms  DFT, FFT, WHT, Haar transform, KLT, DCT.;Image enhancement  filters in spatial and frequency domains, histogrambased processing, homomorphic filtering.;Edge detection  non parametric and model based approaches, LOG filters, localisation problem.;Image Restoration  PSF, circulant and block  circulant matrices, deconvolution, restoration using inverse filtering, Wiener filtering and maximum entropybased methods.;Mathematical morphology  binary morphology, dilation, erosion, opening and closing, duality relations, gray scale morphology, applications such as hitandmiss transform, thinning and shape decomposition.;Computer tomography  parallel beam projection, Radon transform, and its inverse, Backprojection operator, Fourierslice theorem, CBP and FBP methods, ART, Fan beam projection.;Image communication  JPEG, MPEGs and H.26x standards, packet video, error concealment.;Image texture analysis  cooccurence matrix, measures of textures, statistical models for textures.Misc. topics such as  Hough Transform, boundary detection, chain coding, and segmentation, thresholding methods. 
Text/References

 A. K. Jain, Fundamentals of digital image processing, Prentice Hall of , 1989.
 R.M. Haralick, and L.G. Shapiro, Computer and Robot Vision, Vol1, Addison Wesley, , 1992.
 R. Jain, R. Kasturi and B.G. Schunck, Machine Vision, McGrawHill International Edition, 1995.
 W. K. Pratt, Digital image processing, Prentice Hall, 1989.
 A. Rosenfold and A. C. Kak, Digital image processing, Vols. 1 and 2, Prentice Hall, 1986.
 H. C. Andrew and B. R. Hunt, Digital image restoration, Prentice Hall, 1977







EE611 Microwave Integrated Circuits 
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Introduction to microwave integrated circuits: Active and passive components.
Analysis of microstrip lines: variational method, conformal transformation, numerical analysis; losses in microstrip lines; Slot line and Coupled lines; Design of power dividers and combiners, directional couplers, hybrid couplers, filters.;Microstrip lines on ferrite and garnet substrates; Isolators and circulators; Lumped elements in MICs.;Technology of MICs: Monolithic and hybrid substrates; thin and thick film technologies, computer aided design. 
Text/References

 Leo Young and H. Sobol, Ed. Advances in Microwaves, Vol.2, Academic Press Inc., 1974.
 B.Bhat and , Striplinelike transmission lines for MICs, John Wiley, 1989.
 T.K. Ishii, Handbook of Microwave Technology, vol. I, Academic Press, 1995.







EE612 Telematics 
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Basics of Telephony: Telephone Network overview; Subscriber Loop; Signalling in the Telephone Network; Overview of ISDN, BISDN and ATM Technologies.;Circuit Switching in Telephone Networks: Crossbar switch; Clos networks; Clos and SlepianDuguid theorems; Recursive construction of Clos Networks; Time switching, TMS and TST switches; Lee and Jacobeus blocking analysis; Routing in RNB network; Switch processor, Call processing and overload control; Example telephone switches.;Cell Switching: Generic Switch; Input and output queued switches; Shared memory and Shared medium switches, Crossbar switch, Complexity and scaling disdvantage of output queued switches, Knockout principle; Interconnections for large switches, Self routing architectures, Batcherbanyan networks; Unbufferred banyan switches, Buffered banyan, Tandem banyan, Speedup, Parallelism and Channel grouping toenhance input queued switches; Concentrators superconcentrators and Copy networks, Examples of ATM switches, IP Switching from VC based fixed length packet switches.;Multiplexing and Routing in Circuit Switched Networks: Abstract System Models Erlang Blocking Models; Overflow Models, Equivalent Random Theory, Haywards Approxmn and Introductory Non Poisson Arrival Processes; Product form solution; Erlang Fixed Point Solution; Techniques to choose good routes; Alternate Routing; Dynamic Routing, Least Busy Alternate Routing. 
Text/References

 oseph Y. Hui, Switching and Traffic Theory for Integrated Broadband Networks, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990.
 V.E. Benes, Mathematical Theory of Connecting Networks and Telephone Traffic, Academic Press, 1965.
 G. Hebuterne, Traffic Flow in Switching Systems, Artech House, 1987.
 A. Girard, Routing and Dimensioning in Circuit Switched Networks, 1986.
 J.C. Bellamy, Digital Telephony, 2nd Edition, John Wiley, 1992.







EE613 Nonlinear Dynamical Systems 
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Introduction to nonlinear systems; analysis by phase plane and describing function methods. Lyapunov stability theory. The Lure problem: Popov's method, circle criterion. Hyperstability. Hamiltonian, Lagrangian and gradient systems: physical examples and analysis. Stability of Hamiltonian systems. Periodic systems: FloquetLyapunov theory, Krein's stability theorem.

Text/References

 V. M. Popov : Hyperstability of control systems. Springer Grundleheren series, 1970.
 M. Vidyasagar, Nonlinear systems analysis. 2nd Edition. Prentice Hall, 1993.
 Y. A. Yakubovitch and V. M. Starzhinskii, Linear differential equations with periodic coefficients. Wiley, 1975.







EE614 SolidState Microwave Devices 
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Amplifiers  Microwave semiconductor devices and models; Power gain equations, stability, impedance matching, constant gain and noise figure circles; Small signal, low noise, highpower and broadband amplifier designs.;Oscillators  One port, two port, YIG dielectric and Gunndiode oscillators.;Two terminal microwave devices and circuits:;PIN diodes and uses as switches, phase shifters and limiters;Varactor diodes, IMPATT and TRAPATT devices, transferred electron devices.;Microwave BJTs. GaAs FETs, low noise and power GaAs FETs and their applications. Microwave Mixers. 
Text/References

 S.Y. Liao, Microwave Circuit Analysis and Amplifier Design, Prentice Hall, 1987.
 G.D. Vendelin, A.M. Pavio, U.L. Rohde, Microwave Circuit Design, Using Linear and Nonlinear Techniques, John Wiley, 1990.
 Y. Konishi, Microwave Integrated Circuits, Marcel Dekker, 1991.







EE615 Control and Computation Laboratory 
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Programming and computation in MATLAB and SCILAB. Design of control systems and their simulation using software tools. Implementation of algorithms for multivariable systems for pole placement, observer design, stability computations, factorizations, solutions of Lyapunov and Ricatti equations, realizations, balancing. Use of algorithms for multivariable time series modelling.

Text/References

 A. Antoulas (Ed) : Mathematical systems theory Springer Verlag 1991.
 C. T. Chen : Linear system theory and design, 3rd Edition. Oxford 1999.
 K. N. Sigmon and T. A. Davis : MATLAB primer 6th edition, CRC Press 2001.







EE616 Electronic Systems Design 
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Signal conditioning, Instrumentation & Isolation amplifiers, Analog filters, Analog switches, Programmable circuits, Switchedcapacitors circuits and applications. A/D and D/A conversion: sampling and quantization, antialiasing and smoothening filters, Data converters, Interfacing with DSP blocks. Signal measurement in the presence of noise:synchronous detection, signal averaging. Noise in electronic systems; design of low noise circuits. Interfacing of analog and digital systems. PCB design and layout; System assembly considerations. 
Text/References

 A. S Sedra and KC Smith, Microelectronic circuits, Oxford, 1998.
 S. Soclof, Applications of analog integrated circuits, Prentice Hall1990.
 T. T. Lang, Electronics of measuring systems  practical implementation, Wiley,1987.
 P. Horowitz and W Hill, The art of electronics, Cambridge,1995.
 H.W.Ott, Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems, Wiley, 1989.
 S. K Mitra, Digital signal processing: a computer based approach, McGraw Hill, 1998.
 W.C. Bosshart, Printed Circuit Boards: Design and Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1983.
 G.L. Ginsberg, Printed Circuit Design, McGraw Hill, 1991.







EE617 Sensors in Instrumentation 
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Sensor characteristics; R, L and C sensors: Hall effect sensors; Piezoelectric sensors; Microsensors. Sensors for displacement, pressure, temperature, flow etc. Optical sensors; chemical and biosensors. Sensor applications in nondestructive testing. Interfacing sensors with microprocessors and micro controllers.

Text/References

 D. V.S.Murthy,Transducers in instrumentation,Prentice Hall, 1995.
 J. P.Bentley, Principles of measurement systems, Wiley,1989.
 J. W.Gardner, Microsensors, principles and applications, Wiley,1996.
 S.M.Sze, Semiconductor Sensors, Wiley,1994







EE618 CMOS Analog VLSI Design 
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Introduction to analog VLSI and mixed signal issues in CMOS technologies. Basic MOS models, SPICE Models and frequency dependent parameters. Basic MNOS/CMOS gain stage, cascade and cascode circuits. Frequency response, stabilty and noise issues in amplifiers. CMOS analog blocks: Current Sources and Voltage references. Differential amplifier and OPAMP design. Frequency Synthesizers and Phased lockloop. Nonlinear analog blocks: Comparators,Chargepump circuits and Multipliers. Data converters. Analog Interconnects. Analog Testing and Layout issues. Low Voltage and Low Power Circuits. Introduction to RF Electronics. Basic concepts in RF design. 
Text/References

 R.Jacob Baker,H.W.Li, and D.E. Boyce CMOS Circuit Design ,Layout and Simulation, PrenticeHall of ,1998.
 Mohammed Ismail and Terri Faiz Analog VLSI Signal and Information Process, McGrawHill Book company,1994.
 Paul R. Gray and R.G.Meyer, Analysis and design of Analog Integrated circuits John Wiley and sons,,(3rd Edition),1993.
 B. Razavi, RF Microelectronics, PrenticeHall PTR,1998.
 Journals: 1}IEEE Journal of Solid state Circuits 2}IEEE Trans. on Communications







EE619 RF Microelectronics Chip Design 
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Introduction to RF and Wireless Technology: Complexity, design and applications. Choice of Technology. Basic concepts in RF Design: Nonlinearly and Time Variance, intersymbol Interference, random processes and Noise. Definitions of sensitivity and dynamic range, conversion Gains and Distortion. Analog and Digital Modulation for RF circuits: Comparison of various techniques for power efficiency. Coherent and Non coherent defection. Mobile RF Communication systems and basics of Multiple Access techniques. Receiver and Transmitter Architectures and Testing heterodyne, Homodyne, Imagereject, DirectIF and subsampled receivers. Direct Conversion and two steps transmitters. BJT and MOSFET behavior at RF frequencies Modeling of the transistors and SPICE models. Noise performance and limitation of devices. Integrated Parasitic elements at high frequencies and their monolithic implementation. Basic blocks in RF systems and their VLSI implementation : Low Noise Amplifiers design in various technologies, Design of Mixers at GHz frequency range. Various Mixers, their working and implementations, Oscillators: Basic topologies VCO and definition of phase noise. NoisePower tradeoff. Resonatorless VCO design. Quadrature and singlesideband generators, Radio Frequency Synthesizes: PLLS, Various RF synthesizer architectures and frequency dividers, Power Amplifiers design. Linearisation techniques, Design issues in integrated RF filters.;Some discussion on available CAD tools for RF VLSI designs.; Prerequisite: EE 671 and Exxx (Analog VLSI Design).

Text/References

 B.Razavi, RF Microelectronics, PrenticeHall PTR,1998.
 T.H.Lee, The Design of CMOS RadioFrequency Integrated Circuits", Press, 1998.
 R.Jacob Baker,H.W.Li, and D.E. Boyce, CMOS Circuit Design ,Layout and Simulation, PrenticeHall of ,1998.
 Y.P. Tsividis Mixed Analog and Digital VLSI Devices and Technology, McGraw Hill,1996.







EE620 Physics of Transistors 
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The MOS transistor: PaoSah and Brews models; Short channel effects in MOS transistors. Hotcarrier effects in MOS transistors; Quasistatic compact models of MOS transistors; Measurement of MOS transistor parameters; Scaling and transistors structures for ULSI; Silicononinsulator transistors; Highfield and radiation effects in transistors.;The bipolar transistor: EbersMoll model; charge control model; smallsignal and switching characteristics; Gradedbase and gradedemitter transistors; Highcurrent and high frequency effects; Heterojunction bipolar transistors; Junction FETs; JFET, MESFET and heterojunction FET. 
Text/References

 N. D. Arora, MOSFET Models for VLSI Circuit Simulation, SpringerVerlag, 1993.
 E. J. Roulston, Bipolar Semiconductor Devices, McGrawHill, 1990.
 S. M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, (2e), Wiley Eastern, 1981.
 Y. P. Tsividis, Operation and Modelling of the MOS Transistor, McGrawHill, 1987.
 E. Takeda, Hotcarrier Effects in MOS Trasistors, Academic Press, 1995.







EE621 Markov Chains and Queuing Systems 
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Prerequisite: Background in Probability and Stochastic Processes and an interest in System Modeling.;Markov Chains and regenerative processes have been extensively used in modeling a wide variety of systems and phenomena. Likewise, many systems can be modeled as queueing systems with some aspect of the queue governed by a random process. Obvious examples of such systems occur in telecommunication systems, manufacturing systems and computer systems. This course is aimed at teaching system modeling using Markov chains with special emphasis on developing queueing models. The course contents are as follows.;Introduction: Review of basic probability, properties of nonnegative random variables, laws of large numbers and the Central Limit Theorem.;Renewal Processes: Basic definitions, recurrence times, rewards and renewal reward theorem, point processes, Poisson process, Walds equation, Blackwell's theorem.;Discrete time Markov chains: definitions and properties, matrix representation, PerronFrobenius theory.;Continuous time Markov chains: basic definitions, Qmatrix, birthdeath processes, quasi birth death processes.;Embedded Markov processes, semi Markov processes, reversible Markov chains.;Random walks.;Fundamental queueing results: Little's theorem, invariance of the mean delay, Conservation law.;Markovian queues: Jackson and BCMP networks, numerical Algorithms.;
M/G/1 & G/M/1 queues and G/G/1 queues;Advanced queueing models: priority, vacation and retrials in queues. 
Text/References

 Stochastic Modeling and the Theory Queues, Prentice Hall, Cliffs, 1989.
 P.Bremaud, Markov Chains, SpringerVerlag, 1999.
 E.Seneta, Non Negative Matrices and Markov Chains, Springer Series in Statistics, Springer, , 1981.
 R.Gallager, Discrete Stochastic Processes, Kluwer Academic Press, 1996.
 L.Kleinrock, Queueing Systems} vols I and II, John Wiley and Sons 1976.







EE622 Optimal Control Systems 
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ntroduction. static and dynamic optimization. Parameter optimization.;Caculus of Variations : problems of Lagrange,. Mayer and Bolza. EulerLanguage equation and transversality conditions, Lagrange multipiliers.;Pontryagin?s maximum principle; theory; application to minimum time, energy and control effort problems, and terminal control problem.;Dynamic programming : Belaman?s principle of optimality, multistage decision processes. application to optimal control.;Linear regulator problem : matrix Riccati equation and its solution, tracking problem.;Computational methods in optimal control. application of mathematical programming. singular perturbations, practical examples. 
Text/References

 D.E.Kirk, Optimal Control Theory, PrenticeHall. 1970.
 A.P.Sage and C.C.White II, Optimum Systems Control, 2nd ED., PrenticeHall, 1977.
 D.Tabak and B.C.Kuo, Optimal Control by Mathematical Programming, PrenticeHall, 1971.
 B.D.O. Anderson and J.B.Moore, Linear Optimal Control, PrenticeHall, 1971.







EE625 Bio Sensors and Bio MEMS 
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This course has been initiated to introduce students to biosensors and microfabricated systems for biosensing, primarily on silicon, so that they can get on with their seminars and projects in these areas. The focus of this course would be to acquaint students to device structures, analysis of the structures to obtain device characteristics and finally approaches to design and test of these devices and systems. Prerequisite: Introductory courses on device physics & differential equations. If a first level course on devices has not been taken, students should get an introduction to the area by reading a book such as `Semiconductor Devices: Physics & Technology` by SM Sze [John Wiley, 2002]. The broad structure of the course would be: Weeks 12: Approaches to designing electronic systems Sensor classification & sensing principles Introduction to biosensors & bioMS Weeks 36: Semiconductor sensors for physical measurands Physicochemical sensors integrable on silicon Weeks 79:Biosensors: Structures & device analysis Catalytic biosensors Affinity biosensors Weeks 1012: bioMS: Architectures & analytic models. 
Text/References

 SM Sze John Wiley, Semiconductor Devices: Physics & Technology` by, , 2002.
 RS Muller, RT Senturia, RL Smith and RM White, `Microsensors`, IEEE Press, , 1991.
 Mohamed GadelHak (R), MEMS handbook` CRC Press, , 2002.
 Anthony P.F.Turner, Isao Karube and George S. Wilson, `Biosensors :fundamentals and applications` , Oxford University Press, , 1987.
 S Middelhoek & SA Audet , `Silicon sensors`, Academic Press Limited,,1989.
 A Sandana. `Engineering biosensors: kinetics and design applications`, Academic Press, , 2002.
 D Voet & JG Voet , `Biochemistry`, J Wiley & Sons, , 1990.







EE629 Biomedical Instrumentation 
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Brief introduction to human physiology. Biomedical transducers: displacement, velocity, force, acceleration, flow, temperature, potential, dissolved ions and gases.;Bioelectrodes and biopotential amplifiers for ECG, EMG, EEG, etc. Measurement of blood temperature, pressure and flow. Impedance plethysmography. Ultrsonic and nuclear imaging.;Prostheses and aids: pacemakers, defibrillators, heartlung machine, artificial kidney, aids for the handicapped. Safety aspects.

Text/References

 W.F. Ganong, Review of Medical Physiology, 8th Asian Ed, Medical Publishers, 1977.
 J.G. Websster, ed., Medical Instrumentation, Houghton Mifflin, 1978.
 A.M. Cook and J.G. Webster, eds., Therapeutic Medical Devices, PrenticeHall, 1982.







EE630 Digital Measurement Techniques 
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Philosophy of digital and microprocessor/microcontroller based instruments.;Time measurement techniques : Time standards; Measurement of time interval between events, order of events, Vernier technique, Very low time, period, phase, time constant measurements;Frequency measurement techniques : Frequency, ratio and product, high and low frequency measurements; Deviation meter and tachometer, Peak/valley recorder.;Programmable circuits : Programmmable resistors, amplifiers, filters.;Digital to Analog Converters: Programmable amplifiers as DACs, Multistage WR DACs, Weighted current, weighted reference voltage, weighted chargeDACs; Ladder DACs, Design of DACs with respect to spread and total resistance; Hybrid multiplier and divider.;Analog to Digital Converters: V/f and V/t converters, Direct ADCs, ramp, tracking, dual slope, successive approximation and flash types; Multistage flash type ADCs, DVM and its design.;Voltage ratio measurement techniques : Digital ohmmeter, capacitance meter; impedance meters (polar and cartesin types); Decibel meters; Q meter tandelta meter; Modulation index meter.;Sampling theory and its applications in current, voltage, power, energy measurements.;Elements of digital signal processing : FFT, DHT, digital filters. 
Text/References

 T. S. Rathore, Digital Measurement Techniques, Narosa Publishing House, , 1996.
 B. S.
 Sonde, Monographs on System Design using Integrated Circuits, Tata McGraw Hill, 1974.
 D. J. DeFatta, J. G. Lucas and W. , Digital Signal Processing, J Wiley and Sons, , 1988.







EE634 Simulation of Circuits and Devices 
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Formulation of network equations: Nodal, mesh, modified nodal and hybrid analysis equations.;Sparse matrix techniques; Solution of nonlinear networks through NewtonRaphson technique.;Multistep methods: convergence and stability; Special classes of multistep methods: Adamsbashforth, AdamsMoulton and Gear's methods; Solution of stiff systems of equations; Adaptation of multistep methods to the solution of electrical networks; General purpose circuit simulators.;Review of semiconductor equations (Poisson, continuity, driftdiffusion, trap rate). Finite difference formulation of these equations in 1D and 2D. Grid generation.;Physical/empirical models of semiconductor parameters (mobility, lifetime, band gap, etc.).;Computation of characteristics of simple devices (pn junction, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, etc.); Smallsignal analysis.

Text/References

 L.O.Chua and P.M.Lin, Computer aided analysis and electronic circuits, Prentice Hall, 1975.
 S. Selberherr, Analysis and Simulation of Semiconductor Devices, SpringerVerlag, 1984.
 N.J. McCalla, Fundamentals of Computer Aided Circuit Simulation, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988.







EE635 Applied Linear Algebra in Electrical Engineering 
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Vector spaces, linear dependence, basis; Representation of linear transformations with respect to a basis.;Inner product spaces, Hilbert spaces, linear functions; Riesz representation theorem and adjoints.;Orthogonal projections, products of projections, orthogonal direct sums; Unitary and orthogonal transformations, complete orthonormal sets and Parseval's identity; Closed subspaces and the projection theorem for Hilbert spaces.;Polynomials: The algebra of polynomials, matrix polynomials, annihilating polynomials and invariant subspaces, forms.;Applications: Complementary orthogonal spaces in networks, properties of graphs and their relation to vector space properties of their matrix representations; Solution of state equations in linear system theory; Relation between the rational and Jordan forms.;Numerical linear algebra: Direct and iterative methods of solutions of linear equations; Matrices, norms, complete metric spaces and complete normal linear spaces (Banach spaces); Least squares problems (constrained and unconstrained); Eigenvalue problem. 
Text/References

 K. Hoffman and R. Kunze, Linear Algebra, PrenticeHall (), (1986).
 G.H. Golub and C.F. Van Loan, Matrix Computations, Academic, 1983.
 G. Bachman and L. Narici, Functional Analysis, Academic Press, 1966.
 E.Kreyszig, ntroductory functional analysis with applications John Wiley, 1978.







EE636 Matrix Computations 
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Basic iterative methods for solutions of linear systems and their rates of convergence. Generalized conjugate gradient, Krylov space and Lanczos methods. Iterative methods for symmetric, nonsymmetric and generalized eigenvalue problems. Singular value decompositions. Fast computations for structured matrices. Polynomial matrix computations. Perturbation bounds for eigenvalues. 
Text/References

 Owe Axelsson, Iterative solution methods. Cambridge.1994.
 G. Meurant: Computer solution of large linear systems. North Holland, 1999.
 Golub and C. Van Loan: Matrix computations. John Hopkins Press 1996.
 G. W. Stewart and J. Sun: Matrix perturbation theory. Academic press,1990.







EE638 Estimation and Identification 
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Introduction to linear least square estimation : a geometric approach.Wiener filter, Levinson filter, updating QR filter and the Kalman filter.Filter implementation structures : lattice, ladder and the systolic QR.Stochastic realization theory (modelling given the covariance). Modelling given the raw data. Spectral estimation.;Recursive least squares identification algorithms: Levinsontype, Kalmantype and the QRtype. 
Text/References

 U.B. Desai, Lecture notes on estimation realization and identification, Unpublished, 1986.
 B.D.O Anderson and J.B. Moore, Optimal Filtering, PrenticeHall, 1979.
 T. Kailath, Lecture notes on Wiener and Kalman Filtering, Springer Verlag, 1980.
 L. Ljung, System Identificaiton Theory for the user, PrenticeHall, 1987.
 P.S. Maybeck, Stochastic Models, Estimation and Control, Vols. 13, Academic Press, 19801982.







EE640 Multivariable Control Systems 
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Examples of multivariable control systems. State space, polynomial and stable fraction models. Controllability, observability and computations involved in their analysis. Realization theory of multivariable systems and algorithms. Stability by Lyapunov's method, solution of Lyapunov equations. Pole placement, observer design and stabilization theory.Spectral factorizations of systems. Solution of the Ricatti equation.Balanced realizations and their computations. 
Text/References

 C.T.Chen : Linear system theory and design, 3rd edition, Oxford 1999.
 John Bay : Fundamentals of linear state space systems, McGraw Hill, 1998.
 Wilson Rugh : Linear system theory, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall, 1996.







EE649 Finite fields and their applications 
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Basics of finite fields: Groups, rings, fields, polynomials, field extensions, characterization of finite fields, roots of irreducible polynomials, traces, norms, bases, roots of unity, cyclotomic polynomials, representation of elements of finite fields, Wedderburn's theorem, order of polynomials, primitive polynomials, construction of irreducible polynomials, linearized polynomials, binomials, trinomials.;Applications to algebraic coding theory: Linear codes, cyclic codes, Goppa codes. 
Text/References

 Rudolf Lidl & Harald Niederreiter, Finite Fields, Press, , 1997.
 Steven Roman, Coding and Information Theory, Springer Verlag, 1992.
 R. Lidl and H. Niederreiter, Introduction to finite fields and their applications, Cambridge University Press, 1986, Chapters 13 and 8.







EE651 Digital Protection of Power Systems 
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Review of principles of power system protection: overcurrent, directional, differential and distance protection. Reactancce, impedances and mho relays numerical relays: motivation, basic hardware. Review of digital signal processing techniques: sampling, aliasing, courier, discrete Fourier transforms and fast Fourier transforms. Numerical algorithms, CT/PT modelling and standards, simulation of transients, electromagnetic transient program (EMTP). 
Text/References

 J.L. Blackburn, Protective Relaying : Principles and Applications, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987.
 A.G. Phadke and J.S. Thorp, Computer Relaying for Power Systems, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1988.







EE653 Power Electronics I 
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Review of line commutated converters, inverters, voltage control & Power factor improvement. power Devices : BJT, MOSFET, IGBT & GTOs  operating characteristics and gate drive requirements and circuits. Switched  mode rectifier: various Power circuit configurations & wave shaping techniques. Synchronous link rectifiers: Power circuit configurations, control techniques, application of these converters in load compensation, series compensators, multi level converters. inverters : voltage source inverters: single phase & Six step inverters, voltage control & PWM strategies,and implementation aspects, Modification of power circuit for Four quadrant operation. Current source inverters: single phase and three phase power circuit configuration and analysis. Load commutated inverters: principle of operation, modification of power circuit configuration for low frequency operation. Phase Controllers. 
Text/References

 N.Mohan,T.M. Undeland & W.P.Robbins, Power Electronics: Converter, Applications & Design, John Wiley & Sons, 1989.
 M.H. Rashid, Power Electronics, Prentice Hall of India, 1994.
 B.K.Bose, Power Electronics & A.C. Drives, Prentice Hall, 1986.







EE654 Power Electronics  II 
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DC DC, Converters  principle of operation of buck, boost, buckboost, Cuk, flyback, forward, pushpull, half bridge, full bridge & isolated Cuk Converters, Input & output filter design, multioutput operation of isolated converters, MMF equations. Design of transformers and inductors.;Modelling of the above converters using state averaging techniques.Resonant Inverters : DC link Inverters, modified circuit topologies for DC link voltage clamping, voltage control  PWM techniques (sigma, sigma  delta modulation) quasi resonant inverters. DCDC converters  series resonant and parallel resonant, application of zero voltage and zero current switchings for DCDC converters (buck & boost).;Inverters for Induction Heating and UPS.

Text/References

 N.Mohan, T.M. Undeland & W.P.Robbins, Power Electronics: Converter, Applications & Design, John Wiley & Sons, 1989.
 R. Bausiere & G. Seguier, Power Electronic Converters, Springer Verlag, 1987.
 D.M.Mitchell, DCDC Switching Regulator Analysis McGraw Hill, 1987.







EE655 Computer Aided Power System Analysis 
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Loadflow for AC systems, fast decoupled load flow, optimal power flow.;Z  matrix for short circuit studies.;State estimation, LO algorithm, fast decoupled state estimation.;Security and contingency studies. Unit Commitment. Load frequency control.;Optimal hydrothermal scheduling. AI applications. 
Text/References

 O.I.Elgerd, Electric Energy Systems Theory, McGraw Hill, 1971.
 G.W.Stagg and A.H.ElAbiad, Computer Methods in Power System Analysis, McGraw Hill 1968.
 G.L.Kusic, Computer Aided Power Systems Analysis, Prentice Hall, 1986.
 I.J.Nagrath and D.P.Kothari, Modern Power Systems Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, 1980.
 A.J.Wood and B.F.Wollenberg, Power Generation, Operation and Control, John Wiley, 1984.







EE656 Electrical Machine Analysis & Control 
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Principle of unified machine theory, generalized torque equation. Performance evaluation of DC machine and speed control. Three phase induction motor transformation methods, (stationary, rotor and synchronous frames) and corresponding equivalent circuits. Three Phase synchronous motor : representation, Park transformation. Drives, various Control techniques.;Concept of Space vector, field oriented control and direct torque control of IM. Permanent magnet synchronous motors machine model (dq) and control methods Switched reluctance motor drive and various power circuit configurations and control.

Text/References

 C.V. Jones, The Unified Theory of Electrical Machines, Butterworth, London, 1967.
 P.Vas, Vector Control of A.C. Machines, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1990.
 J.M.D. Murphy & F.G. Turnbull, Power Electronic Control of AC motors, Pergamon Press, 1988.
 W. Leonhard, Control of Electrical Drives, Springer Verlag, 1985.
 P.C. Krause, Analysis of Electric Machinery, McGraw Hill, New York, 1987.







EE657 Electric Drives I 
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Methods of DC motor control, nonregenerative controlled rectifiers, fully controlled converters, field control, switching systems for DC motors, chopper regulators, aspects of analysis, performance and stability of variable speed dc drives.; Induction motor control systems, ac regulators and static switches, control of effective rotor resistance, recovery of slip energy, variable frequency control of ac motors, current source inverter fed Induction motor drive, forced commutated inverter fed drives, selfcontrolled synchronous motor drives and traction drives. Analysis, performance and stability of synchronous and asynchronous drives. solar and battery powered drives. 
Text/References

 W. Leonhard, Control of Electric Drives, Springer Verlag, 1985.
 P.Vas, Vector Control of ac Machines, Clarendon press, , 1990.
 S.K.Pillai, Analysis of Thyristor Power Conditioned Motors, University Press, 1992.
 G.K.Dubey, Fundamentals of Electrical Drives, Narosa Publications, 1995.







EE658 Power System Dynamics and Control 
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Basic Concepts of dynamical systems and stability. Modelling of power system components for stability studies: generators, transmission lines, excitation and prime mover controllers, flexible AC transmission (FACTS) controllers.;Analysis of single machine and multimachine systems. Small signal angle instability (low frequency oscillations): damping and synchronizing torque analysis, eigenvalue analysis.;Mitigation using power system stabilizers and supplementary modulation control of FACTS devices. Small signal angle instability (subsynchronous frequency oscillations): analysis and countermeasures. Transient Instability: Analysis using digital simulation and energy function method. Transient stability controllers. Introduction to voltage Instability. Analysis of voltage Instability. 
Text/References

 P.Kundur, Power System Stability and Control, McGraw Hill Inc, New York, 1995.
 P.Sauer & M.A.Pai, Power System Dynamics & Stability, Prentice Hall, 1997.
 K.R.Padiyar Power System Dynamics, Stability & Control, Interline Publishers, Bangalore, 1996.







EE659 A First Course in Optimization 
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Motivation. mathematical review , matrix factorizations, sets and sequences, convex sets and functions, linear programming and simplex method, Weierstrass' theorem, Karush Kuhn Tucker optimality conditions, algorithms, convergence, unconstrained optimization, Line search methods, method of multidimensional search, steepest descent methods, Newton's method, modifications to Newton's method , trust region methods, conjugate gradient methods, quasiNewton's methods. constrained optimization, penalty and barrier function methods, augmented Lagrangian methods, polynomial time algorithm for linear programming, successive linear programming, successive quadratic programming. 
Text/References

 R. Fletcher Practical Optimization (2nd Edition) John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1987.
 M.S.Bazaraa , H.D.Sherali and C.Shetty , Nonlinear Programming, Theory and Algorithms, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1993.







EE660 Application of Power Electronics to Power Systems 
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Steady state and dynamic problems in AC systems. Flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS). Principles of series and shunt compensation. Description of static var compensators (SVC), Thyristor Controlled series compensators (TCSC), Static phase shifters (SPS), Static condenser (STATCON), Static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) and Unified power flow controller (UPFC). Modelling and Analysis of FACTS controllers. Control strategies to improve system stability.;Power Quality problems in distribution systems, harmonics, harmonics creating loads, modelling, harmonic propagation, Series and parallel resonances, harmonic power flow, Mitigation of harmonics, filters, passive filters, Active filters, shunt, series hybrid filters, voltage sags & swells, voltage flicker. Mitigation of power quality problems using power electronic conditioners. IEEE standards.

Text/References

 G.T. Heydt, Power Quality, Stars in a Circle Publications, Indiana, 1991.
 T.J.E. Miller, Static Reactive Power Compensation, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1982.
 Recent publications on Power Systems and Power Delivery.







EE661 Physical Electronics 
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Introduction to semiconductor Physics: Review of quantum mechanics, Electrons in periodic lattices, Ek diagrams, Quasiparticles in semiconductors, electrons, holes and phonons. Boltzmann transport equation and solution in the presence of low electric and magnetic fields  mobility and diffusivity; Carrier statistics; Continuity equation, Poisson's equation and their solution; High field effects: velocity saturation, hot carriers and avalanche breakdown.;Semiconductor junctions: Schottky, homo and heterojunction band diagrams and IV characteristics, and small signal switching models; Two terminal and surface states devices based on semiconductor junctions.;MOS structures: Semiconductor surfaces; Theideal and nonideal MOS capacitor band diagrams and CVs; Effects of oxide charges, defects and interface states; Characterization of MOS capacitors: HF and LF CVs, avalanche injection; High field effects and breakdown.;Characterization of semi conductors: Four probe and Hall measurement; CVs for dopant profile characterization; Capacitance transients and DLTS.

Text/References

 J. P. McKelvey, introduction to Solid State and Semiconductor Physics, Harper and Row and John Weathe Hill, 1966.
 E. H. Nicollian and J. R. Brews, MOS Physics and Technology, John Wiley, 1982.
 K. K. Ng, Complete Guide to Semiconductor Devices, McGraw Hill, 1995.
 D.K. Schroder, Seminconductor Material and Device Characterization, John Wiley, 1990.
 S. M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2nd edition John Wiley, 1981.
 C. T. Sah, Fundamentals of SolidState Electronic Devices, Allied Publishers and World Scientific, 1991.
 E. F. Y. Waug, Introduction to Solid State Electronics North Holland, 1980.







EE666 High Power Semiconductor Devices 
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Basic device models: Theory of bipolar and MOS transistors. Smallsignal models of bipolar and MOS transistors, GummelPoon model.;High current effects in diodes: Dependence of lifetime on highlevel injection, nonuniform current distribution under high current injection.;Power biploar transistors: Onset of highcurrent effects in transistors; Theories of Kirk effect, crowding, pinchin effects, second breakdown, etc; Emitter geometries for high current and HF operation.;SCR : Theories of operation; Relation between shorted emitter and dv/dt ratings; Gate turnoff devices, inverter grade SCRs, special diffusion techniques for SCRs. Power VMOS devices.;Heat transfer in power devices; Power MOS devices : VMOS & DMOS device structure and models; device packaging. 
Text/References

 S.M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2nd ed., Wiley, 1981.







EE668 System Design 
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Basics of system hardware design. Hierarchical design using topdown and bottomup methodology. System partitioning techniques, interfacing between system components. Handling multiple clock domains, Synchronous and asynchronous design styles. Interface between synchronous and asynchronous blocks. Metastability and techniques for handling it. Interfacing linear and digital systems, data conversion circuits. Design of finite state machines, state assignment strategies. Design and optimization of pipelined stages. Use of data flow graphs, Critical path analysis, retiming and scheduling strategies for performance enhancement. Implementation of DSP algorithms.Signal integrity and high speed behaviour of interconnects: ringing, cross talk and ground bounce. Layout strategies at IC and board level for local and global signals.Power supply decoupling.; Test strategies: Border Scan, Built In Self Test and signature analysis. 
Text/References

 Jan M. Rabaey, "Digital Integrated Circuits", Prentice Hall of India, (New Delhi), 1997.
 M.J.S. Smith, "Application Specific Integrated Circuits", Addison Wesley (Reading, MA), 1999.
 Vijay K. Madisetti, "VLSI Digital Signal Processing", IEEE Press (NY, USA), 1995.







EE669 VLSI Technology 
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Environment for VLSI Technology: Clean room and safety requirements. Wafer cleaning processes and wet chemical etching techniques.Impurity incorporation: Solid State diffusion modeling and technology, Ion Implantation modeling, technology and damage annealing, characterization of Impurity profiles.Oxidation: Kinetics of Silicon dioxide growth both for thick, thin and ultrathin films. Oxidation technologies in VLSI and ULSI, Characterization of oxide films, High k and low k dielectrics for ULSI.
Lithography: Photolithography, Ebeam lithography and newer lithography techniques for VLSI/ULSI; Mask generation.Chemical Vapour Deposition techniques: CVD techniques for deposition of polysilicon, silicon dioxide, silicon nitride and metal films, Epitaxial growth of silicon, modelling and technology.Metal film deposition: Evaporation and sputtering techniques. Failure mechanisms in metal interconnects, Multilevel metallisation schemes. Plasma and Rapid Thermal Processing: PECVD, Plasma etching and RIE techniques, RTP techniques for annealing, growth and deposition of various films for use in ULSI.Process integration for NMOS, CMOS and Bipolar circuits, Advanced MOS technologies. 
Text/References

 C.Y. Chang and S.M.Sze (Ed),ULSI Technology, McGraw Hill Companies Inc, 1996.
 S.K. Ghandhi, VLSI Fabrication Principles, John Wiley Inc., New York, 1983.
 S.M. Sze (Ed), VLSI Technology, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill, 1988.







EE671 VLSI Design 
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Review of MOS transistor models, CMOS logic families
including static, dynamic and dual rail logic. Integrated circuit layout;
design rules, parasites. Building blocks, ALU"s, FIFO"s counters, VLSI
design: data and control path design, floor planning, Design Technology:
introduction to hardware description languages(VHDL), logic, circuit and
layout verification. Design examples. 
Text/References

 N. Weste and K. Eshranghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI Design, Addison
Wesley, 1985
 L.Glaser and D. Dobberpuhl, The nDesign and Analysis of VLSI Circuits,
Addison WESLey 1985
 C.MEad and L. Conway, Introduction to VLSI Systems, Addison Wesley, 1979
 Perry, VHDL, 2nd Ed, McGraw Hill International, 1995.







EE672 Microelectronics Lab 
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Laboratory experiments on technology, characterization, design and simulation of devices and integrated circuits, based on courses EE 677, 661, 669 and 632.;Fabrication of MOS capacitors and junction diodes. Characterization of MOS capacitors by CV and IV. Characterization of photovoltaic cells. Process simulation. Circuit and timing simulation. Design of standard cell and gate array based circuits and their simulation. Computeraided testing of integrated circuits. 
Text/References

 E.H. Nicollia and J.R. Brews, MOS physics and technology, John Wiley, 1982.
 W.R. Runyan, Semiconductor measurements and Instrumentationm, McGraw Hill, 1975.
 S.M. Sze, VLSI Technology, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill, 1988.







EE673 Power Systems and Power Electronics Lab 
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This is a laboratory based on computer simulation and hardware experiments consisting of computer simulation experiments on power systems and power electronics and hardware experiments on power electronics. 








EE675 Microprocessor Applications in Power Electronics 
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Review of microcontrollers and digital signal processors, architecture,peripheral modules.;Typical processors for control implementation: memory organisation, CPU details, addressing modes, interrupt structure, hardware multiplier, pipelining.; Fixed and floatingpoint data representations.;Assemblers, linkers and loaders. Binary file formats for processor executable files. Typical structure of timerinterrupt driven programs.;Implementing digital processor based control systems for power electronics: Reference frame transformations, PLL implementations, machine models, harmonic and reactive power compensation, space vector PWM.;Numerical integration methods.;Multitasking concepts for power electronics implementations: The need for multitasking, various multitasking methods. 
Text/References

 1. K Ogata, "DiscreteTime Control Systems", second edition, Pearson Education Asia.
 2. N. Mohan, "Power Electronics", third edition, John Wiley and Sons.







EE677 Foundations of VLSI CAD 
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Matrices: Linear dependence of vectors, solution of linear equations, bases of vector spaces, orthogonality, complementary orthogonal spaces and solution spaces of linear equations.;Graphs: representation of graphs using matrices; Paths, connectedness; circuits, cutsets, trees; Fundamental circuit and cutset matrices; Voltage and current spaces of a directed graph and their complementary orthogonality.;Algorithms and data structures: efficient representation of graphs; Elementary graph algorithms involving bfs and dfs trees, such as finding connected and 2 connected components of a graph, the minimum spanning tree, shortest path between a pair of vertices in a graph; Data structures such as stacks, linked lists and queues, binary trees and heaps. Time and space complexity of algorithms. 
Text/References

 K. Hoffman and R.E. Kunze, Linear Algebra, Prentice Hall (India), 1986.
 N.Balabanian and T.A. Bickart, Linear Network Theory : Analysis, Properties, Design and Synthesis, Matrix Publishers, Inc., 1981.
 T.Cormen, C.Leiserson and R.A.Rivest, Algorithms, MIT Press and McGrawHill, 1990.







EE678 Wavelets 
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Introduction to time frequency analysis; the how, what and why about wavelets.;Shorttime Fourier transform, WignerVille transform.;Continuous time wavelet transform, Discrete wavelet transform, tiling of the timefrequency plane and wavepacket analysis.;Construction of wavelets. Multiresolution analysis. Introduction to frames and biorthogonal wavelets.;Multirate signal processing and filter bank theory.;Application of wavelet theory to signal denoising, image and video compression, multitone digital communication, transient detection. 
Text/References

 Y.T. Chan, Wavelet Basics, Kluwer Publishers, Boston, 1993.
 I. Daubechies, Ten Lectures on Wavelets, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Philadelphia, PA, 1992.
 C. K. Chui, An Introduction to Wavelets, Academic Press Inc., New York, 1992.
 Gerald Kaiser, A Friendly Guide to Wavelets, Birkhauser, New York, 1995.
 P. P. Vaidyanathan, Multirate Systems and Filter Banks, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1993.
 A.N. Akansu and R.A. Haddad, Multiresolution signal Decomposition: Transforms, Subbands and Wavelets, Academic Press, Oranld, Florida, 1992.
 B.Boashash, TimeFrequency signal analysis, In S.Haykin, (editor), Advanced Spectral Analysis, pages 418517. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1991.







EE679 Speech Processing 
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Speech production and acoustic phonetics, speech perception.;Speech analysis: time and frequency domain techniques for pitch and formant estimation, cepstral and LPC analysis.;Speech synthesis: articulatory, formant, and LPC synthesis, voice response and texttospeech systems.;Applications: data compression, vocoders, speech enhancement, speech recognition, speaker recognition, aids for the speech and hearing impairments. 
Text/References

 D O'Shaughnessy, Speech Communication: Human and Machine, Addison Wesley, 1987.
 L R Rabiner and RW Schafer, Digital Processing of Speech Signals, Prentice Hall, 1978.
 JL Flanagan, Speech Analysis, Synthesis, and Perception, Springer Verlag, 1972.
 Selected papers.







EE685 Power System Protection 
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Review of Principles of power system protection: overcurrent, directional, differential and distance protection. Review of sequence networks & short circuit analysis.;Relay coordination: Overcurrent & distance relay coordination.;Introduction to current transformer & potential transformer. Standards, affect on relaying philosophy.;Introduction to computer aided relaying, motivation, basic hardware, digital signal processing aspects; Sampling, aliasing, antialiasing filter, Founer & discrete fourier transform recursive DFT, half cycle and full cycle algorithm. Estimation of phasors & frequency.;Algorithms for transmission line, transformer & bus bar protection; outofstep relaying Introduction to adaptive relaying & wide area measurements. 








EE686 HVDC Transmission 
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Need for HVDC, AC vs. DC: Comparative advantages. Converters and their characteristics. Control of the converters (CC and CEA).;Parallel and series operation of converters. Equivalence of a dc system in an ac system. Per unit systems. ACDC load flow analysis. 
Text/References

 K.R. Padiyar, HVDC Power Transmission Systems, Wiley eastern Ltd. 1990.
 I. Arillaga, C.P. Arnold and B.J. Haskar, Computer Modelling of Electrical Power Systems, John Wiley, 1993.
 Papers form IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, and Power Systems.







EE687 Switchgear Principles 
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Switchgear installation and criteria for selection. Circuit breaker ratings, principles of ac circuit breaking. RRRV and recovery voltage and their control. Current chopping. Switching of capacitive currents. Kilometric faults.Resistance switching. DC current interruption.
Principles of fusegear. Salient features and characteristics of different arc interrupting media  air, oil, airblast, SF6, and vacuum.
The electric arc and circuit breaker. Establishing an arc, discharge characteristic of arc, long arc, short arc, energy transfer between electric field and the arc column, energy transfer out of the column.
Theories of arc interruption  restriking voltage and energy ? balance theories and their applications. 
Text/References

 C. H. Flurscheim, ed., Power Circuit Breaker Theory and Design, Peter Peregrinus Ltd., 1976.
K. Regaller ed., Current Interruption in High Voltage Networks, Plenum Press, 1978.







EE701 Introduction to MEMS 
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Historical Background: Silicon Pressure sensors, Micromachining, MicroElectroMechanical Systems.;Microfabrication and Micromachining : Integrated Circuit Processes, Bulk Micromachining : Isotropic Etching and Anisotropic Etching, Wafer Bonding, High AspectRatio Processes (LIGA).;Physical Microsensors : Classification of physical sensors, Integrated, Intelligent, or Smart sensors, Sensor Principles and Examples : Thermal sensors, Electrical Sensors, Mechanical Sensors, Chemical and Biosensors.;Microactuators : Electromagnetic and Thermal microactuation, Mechanical design of microactuators, Microactuator examples, microvalves, micropumps, micromotorsMicroactuator systems : Success Stories, InkJet printer heads, Micromirror TV Projector.;Surface Micromachining: One or two sacrificial layer processes, Surface micromachining requirements, Polysilicon surface micromachining, Other compatible materials, Silicon Dioxide, Silicon Nitride, Piezoelectric materials, Surface Micromachined Systems : Success Stories, Micromotors, Gear trains, Mechanisms.;Application Areas: Allmechanical miniature devices, 3D electromagnetic actuators and sensors, RF/Electronics devices, Optical/Photonic devices, Medical devices e.g. DNAchip, microarrays.;Lab/Design:(two groups will work on one of the following design project as a part of the course).;RF/Electronics device/system, Optical/Photonic device/system, Medical device e.g. DNAchip, microarrays. 
Text/References

 Stephen D. Senturia, "Microsystem Design" by, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001.
 Marc Madou,
 Fundamentals of Microfabrication by, CRC Press, 1997.Gregory Kovacs, Micromachined Transducers Sourcebook WCB McGrawHill, Boston, 1998.
 M.H. Bao, Micromechanical Transducers: Pressure sensors, accelrometers, and gyroscopes by Elsevier, New York, 2000.







EE702 Computer Vision 
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Prerequisite: EE610.;Imaging model and geometry: scene radiance and image irradiance, reflectance model of a surface, Lambertian and specular reflectance, photometric stereo.;Illposedness of vision problems: regularization theory.;Shape from shading, structured light and texture. Optical flow, structure from motion and recursive motion analysis. Stereo vision and correspondence problem.;Depth analysis using realaperture camera: depth from defocused images.;MRF approach to early vision problems:(shape from shading, matching, stereo and motion), Image texture analysis.;Introduction to image understanding.;Integrated vision, sensor fusion. 
Text/References

 B. K. P. Horn, Robot Vision, MIT Press, 1986.
 D. Marr, Vision, Freeman and Co., San Francisco, 1982.
 S. Chaudhuri and A. N. Rajagopalan, Depth from Defocused Images, Springer Verlag, NY, 1999.Selected Papers.







EE703 Digital Message Transmission 
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Examples of analog pulse and digital transmission systems.;Performance analysis of analog and pulse modulation systems.;Role and review of probability theory and stochastic processes in digital message transmission.;Principles of detection theory: Binary and mary hypothesis testing. Bayes' likelihood ratio test.;Performance analysis of digital communication systems.;Spectrum of digital signals: Spectral efficiency of digital communication systems; Nyquist pulse shaping.;Correlative coding schemes.;Equalization techniques.;Synchronization techniques. Carrier, bit and frame synchronization schemes. 
Text/References

 Wozencraft J.M. and Jacobs I.M., Principles of Communication Engineering, John Wiley, 1965.
 Carlson A., Communication Systems, 3rd ed., McGraw Hill, 1986.
 Van Trees H.L., Detection Estimation and Modulation Theory, Vol. 1., Wiley, 1968.
 Proakis J.J., Digital Communications, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill, 1989.
 Blahut R.F., Digital transmission of Information, Addison Wesley 1990.
 Benedetto S., Biglieri E. and Castellari V., Digital Transmission Theory, Prentice Hall, 1987.







EE704 Artificial Neural Networks 
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Introduction: Biological neurons and memory: Structure and function of a single neuron; Artificial Neural Networks (ANN); Typical applications of ANNs : Classification, Clustering, Vector Quantization, Pattern Recognition, Function Approximation, Forecasting, Control, Optimization; Basic Approach of the working of ANN  Training, Learning and Generalization.;Supervised Learning: Singlelayer networks; PerceptronLinear separability, Training algorithm, Limitations; Multilayer networksArchitecture, Back Propagation Algorithm (BTA) and other training algorithms, Applications. Adaptive Multilayer networksArchitecture, training algorithms; Recurrent Networks; Feedforward networks; RadialBasisFunction (RBF) networks.;Unsupervised Learning: Winnertakesall networks; Hamming networks; Maxnet; Simple competitive learning; VectorQuantization; Counter propagation networks; Adaptive Resonance Theory; Kohonen's Selforganizing Maps; Principal Component Analysis.;Associated Models: Hopfield Networks, BraininaBox network; Boltzmann machine.;Optimization Methods: Hopfield Networks forTSP, Solution of simultaneous linear equations; Iterated Gradient Descent; Simulated Annealing; Genetic Algorithm. 
Text/References

 K. Mehrotra, C.K. Mohan and Sanjay Ranka, Elements of Artificial Neural Networks, MIT Press, 1997  [Indian Reprint Penram International Publishing (India), 1997].
 Simon Haykin, Neural Networks  A Comprehensive Foundation, Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, 1994.
 A Cichocki and R. Unbehauen, Neural Networks for Optimization and Signal Processing, John Wiley and Sons, 1993.
 J. M. Zurada, Introduction to Artificial Neural Networks, (Indian edition) Jaico Publishers, Mumbai, 1997.







EE705 VLSI Design Lab 
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Theory: Introduction to Unix; Circuit simulation using SPICE, application of SPICE for analog design. Timing simulation with IRSIM, Design of static and dynamic digital circuits with IRSIM. Layout of integrated circuits. Use of the layout tool MAGIC for analog and digital integrated circuits.;Laboratory: Tutorials on UNIX and vi. Tutorials and design exercises on linear circuit design with SPICE; Tutorial and exercises on digital design and timing analysis using IRSIM; Tutorials and exercises on IC layout using MAGIC; Group projects on design, analysis and layout of integrated circuits. 
Text/References

 R. Thomas and J. Yates, A User Guide to the Unix System, McGraw Hill International, 1985.
 N.Weste and K. Eshraghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI, 2e, Design, Addision Wesley, 1992.







EE706 Communication Networks 
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Introduction to computer communication networks and layered architecture overview. Packet switching and Fast packet switching.;Point to Point Protocols and links: ARQ retransmission strategies. Selective repeat ARQ. Framing and standard Data Link Control protocolHDLC, SDLC, LAPD. Queuing models in communication networks.;Multiaccess Communication and multiple access protocols:.;ALOHA, slotted ALOHA, CSMA, CSMD/CD. Performance modelling and analysis.;Local Area Networks: Ethernet, Token Ring and FDDI. Design and analysis.;Internetworking issues: Bridges, Routers and Switched networks. Routing and Flow Control algorithms in data networks.;Broadband Networks: ATM, Frame relay and Gigabit Ethernet. Traffic Management in ATM networks. 
Text/References

 R G Gallager and D Bertsekas, Data Networks, Prentice Hall of India, 1992.
 J F Hayes, Modelling and Analysis of Computer Communication Networks, Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, 1984.
 W Stallings, Data and Computer Communications, Prentice Hall of India, 1997.
 R Rom and M Sidi, Multiple Access Protocols, Springer Verlag, 1990.
 M DePrycker, ATMsolutions for Broadband ISDN, Prentice Hall of USA, 1995.







EE708 Information Theory and Coding 
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Mutual information, entropy for discrete ensembles, Shannon's noiseless coding theorem, Encoding of discrete sources.Markov sources; Shannon's noisy coding theorem and converse for discrete channels, Calculation of channel capacity and bounds for discrete channels, Application to continuous channels.Techniques of coding and decoding, Huffman codes and uniquely detectable codes, Cyclic codes, convolutional arithmetic codes. 
Text/References

 N. Abramson, Information and Coding, McGraw Hill, 1963.
 M. Mansurpur, Introduction to Information Theory, McGraw Hill, 1987.
 R.B. Ash, Information Theory, Prentice Hall, 1970.
 Shu Lin and D.J. Costello Jr., Error Control Coding, Prentice Hall, 1983.







EE709 Testing and Verification of VLSI Circuits 
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Scope of testing and verification in VLSI design process. Issues in test and verification of complex chips, embedded cores and SOCs.;Fundamentals of VLSI testing. Fault models. Automatic test pattern generation. Design for testability. Scan design. Test interface and boundary scan. System testing and test for SOCs. Iddq testing. Delay fault testing. BIST for testing of logic and memories. Test automation.;Design verification techniques based on simulation, analytical and formal approaches. Functional verification. Timing verification. Formal verification. Basics of equivalence checking and model checking. Hardware emulation. 
Text/References

 M. Bushnell and V. D. Agrawal, "Essentials of Electronic Testing for Digital, Memory and MixedSignal VLSI Circuits", Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000.
 M. Abramovici, M. A. Breuer and A. D. Friedman, "Digital Systems Testing and Testable Design", IEEE Press, 1990.
 T.Kropf, "Introduction to Formal Hardware Verification", Springer Verlag, 2000.
 P. Rashinkar, Paterson and L. Singh, "SystemonaChip VerificationMethodology and Techniques", Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001.







EE710 Large Sparse Matrix Computations 
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Sparse Matrices, applications in electrical engineering, data structures, linear system solvers, ordering: Markowitz criterion, minimum degree & minimum deficiency ordering for sparse symmetric positive definite matrices, enhancements to MDA, sparse indefinite linear system solvers, eigen value computation, sparse matrix optimization, applications in power systems: state estimation, load flow & optimal power flow. 








EE712 Embedded Systems Design 
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The concept of embedded systems design. Embedded microcontroller cores, embedded memories. Examples of embedded systems.;Technological aspects of embedded systems: interfacing between analog and digital blocks, signal conditioning, digital signal processing. subsystem interfacing, interfacing with external systems, user interfacing. Design trade offs due to process compatibility, thermal considerations, etc.;Software aspects of embedded systems: real time programming languages and operating systems for embedded systems. 
Text/References

 J.W. Valvano, "Embedded Microcomputor System: Real Time Interfacing", Brooks/Cole, 2000.
 Jack Ganssle, "The Art of Designing Embedded Systems", Newnes, 1999.
 V.K. Madisetti, "VLSI Digital Signal Processing", IEEE Press (NY, USA), 1995.
 David Simon, "An Embedded Software Primer", Addison Wesley, 2000.
 K.J. Ayala, "The 8051 Microcontroller: Architecture, Programming, and Applications", Penram Intl, 1996.







EE713 Circuits Simulation in Power Electronics 
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Formulation of network equations : Nodal, Mesh, Modified Nodal and Sparse Tableau Analysis, Sparse matrix techniques, solution of nonlinear equations by Newton_Raphson method, Multistep methods : Convergence and stability, special classes of multistep methods, Adaptation of multistep methods to the solution of electrical networks, generalpurpose circuit simulators, Introduction to machine modeling : induction, DC, and synchronous machines, Simulation of threephase converters: fundamentals of switching behaviour, space vector representation, modulation methods. Interaction between power electronic converters and rotating machines. Power electronic converters in power distribution systems, DC to DC converters. 
Text/References

 L.O. Chua and P.M. Lin, "Computeraided analysis of electronic circuits", Prentice Hall, 1975.
 N.J. McCalla, "Fundamentals of computeraided circuit simulation", Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988.
 N. Mohan, T.M. Udeland, and W.P. Robbins, "Power Electronics: Converters, Applications, and Design," J. Wiley and sons, New York, 1994.
 P.C. Krause, "Analysis of electric machinery", McGraw Hill, New York, 1986.







EE714 Behavioral Theory of Systems 
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Behavioral models of dynamical systems motivated from problems of electrical circuits, electromechanical and hybrid systems, heat conduction etc. Behavioral modeling from time series. Controllability, observability and trimness. Characterization of dissipative and lossless systems. Conservation principles. Generalized Lyapunov Stability theory. Theory of interconnections, decompositions and control. 
Text/References

 J. W. Polderman & J. C. Willems: Mathematical systems theory : A behavioral approach. Springer Text in Applied Mathematics No.62, 1998.
 B.D.O. Anderson and S. Vongpanitlered: Network analysis and synthesis  A modern systems theory approach. Prentice Hall, 1973.
 J.H. Williams Jr.: Fundamentals of applied dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, 1996.
 R. A. Layton: Principles of analytical systems dynamics. Springer Verlag 1998.







EE715 Digital Signal Processing Lab 
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(To supplement EE603 ). 








EE717 Advanced Computing for Electrical Engineers 
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Data Structures: Arrays, Linked Lists, Stacks, Queues, Trees.; Algorithms: Sorting, Searching, Tree algorithms, Graph algorithms.; Operating System Concepts: Processes, Threads, Memory management.; Software Engineering: Practical introduction to the program lifecycle consisting of function specification, code design and testing.; Parallel Programming: Concurrency, Mutual Exclusion, Pthreads, MPI.; Case studies illustrating the concepts taught in the course. 
Text/References

 Algorithms in C++, Robert Sedgewick, 3rd Edition.
 Operating System Concepts, Abraham Silberschatz, Peter B.
 Galvin, Greg Gagne, 8th edition.







EE718 Aids for the motor and sensory disabled 
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Locomotion and sensory faculties  muscles and muscle control, vision, auditon, touch and proprioception.;Disabilities due to disease and trauma. Paralysis of movement, sensory loss. Degrees of loss. Combinations of loss. Statistical distribution of disabilities in the population.;Assessment and evaluation of disability. Resolution, speed and dexterity. Methods and devices for measurement. Movement analysis for walking and hand dexterity. Visual and auditory testing. Balance, proprioception and touch mapping.;Aids for the disabled. Mobility aids and patient interfaces. Sensory aids. Mobility aids: wheelchairs, artificial limbs. Design specifications. Aids for the blind mobility aids, reading aids. Design examples. Aids for the hearing impaired. Design examples. Additional requirements of sids for mulitple disabilities motor+sensory loss, motor+visual loss, etc.;Safety issues. Special safety needs for those with motor and/or sensory disabilities.;Cost of production and maintenance. Socioeconomics of disabilities in India.;Seminar and design project. 
Text/References

 Webster, Cook, Tompkins & Vanderheiden, Electronic devices for rehabilitation. Chapman & Hall, 1985.







EE719 Mixed Signal VLSI Design 
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Prerequisite: EE618.;Review of continuoustime filters, Discretetime filters, Analog and discretetime signal processing, Analog integrated continuoustime and discretetime (switchedcapacitor) filters.;Basics of Analog to digital converters (ADC), Basics of Digital to analog converters (DAC), DACs, Successive approximation ADCs, Dual slope ADCs, Highspeed ADCs (e.g. flash ADC, pipeline ADC and related architectures), Highresolution ADCs (e.g. deltasigma converters)MixedSignal layout, Interconnects, Phase locked loops, Delay locked loops. 
Text/References

 CMOS mixedsignal circuit design by R. Jacob Baker, Wiley India, IEEE press, reprint 2008.
 Design of analog CMOS integrated circuits by Behzad Razavi, McGrawHill, 2003.
 CMOS circuit design, layout and simulation by R. Jacob Baker, Revised second edition, IEEE press, 2008.
 CMOS Integrated ADCs and DACs by Rudy V. dePlassche, Springer, Indian edition, 2005.
 Electronic Filter Design Handbook by Arthur B. Williams, McGrawHill, 1981.
 Design of analog filters by R. Schauman, PrenticeHall 1990 (or newer additions).
 An introduction to mixedsignal IC test and measurement by M. Burns et al., Oxford university press, first Indian edition, 2008.







EE720 An Introduction to Number Theory and Cryptography 
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SOME TOPICS IN ELEMENTARY NUMBER THEORY: Time estimates for doing arithmetic. Divisibility and the Euclidean algorithm. Congruences. Some applications to factoring.;FINITE FIELDS AND QUADRATIC RESIDUES: Finite fields. Quadratic residues and reciprocity.;CRYPTOGRAPHY: some simple cryptosystems. Enciphering matrices.;PUBLIC KEY: The idea of public key cryptography. RSA. Discrete log.;ELLPTIC CURVES: Basic facts. Elliptic curve cryptosystems. 
Text/References

 Neal Koblitz, A Course in Number and Theory and Cryptography, Graduate Texts in Mathematics No.114, SpringerVerlag, New York/Berlin/Heidelberg, 1987.
 Additional references:.
 Alan Baker, A Concise Introduction to the Theory of Numbers, Cambridge University Press, New York/Port Chester/Melbourne/Sydney, 1990.
 A.N. Parshin and I.R. Shafarevich (Eds.), Number Theory, Encyclopaedia of Mathematics Sciences, Volume 49, SpringerVerlag, New York/Berlin/Heidelberg, 1995.
 John Stillwell, Elements of Number Theory, Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, SpringerVerlag, New York/Berlin/Heidelberg, 2003.
 Henk C.A. van Tilborg, An Introduction to Cryptology, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston/Dordrecht/Lancaster, 1988.
 Andre Weil, Number Theory for Beginners, Additional references:.







EE721 Hardware Description Languages 
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Basic concepts of hardware description languages. Hierarchy, Concurrency,Logic and Delay modeling. Structural, Dataflow and Behavioural styles of hardware description. Architecture of event driven simulators.;Syntax and Semantics of VHDL. Variable and signal types, arrays and attributes. Operators, expressions and signal assignments. Entities, architecture specification and configurations. Component instantiation. Concurrent and sequential constructs. Use of Procedures and functions, Examples of design using VHDL.;Syntax and Semantics of Verilog. Variable types, arrays and tables. Operators, expressions and signal assignments. Modules, nets and registers, Concurrent and sequential constructs. Tasks and functions, Examples of design using Verilog. Synthesis of logic from hardware description. 
Text/References

 J. Bhaskar, "VHDL Primer", Pearson Education Asia 2001.
 Z. Navabi, "VHDL", McGraw Hill International Ed. 1998.
 S. Palnitkar, "Verilog HDL: A Guide to Digital Design and Synthesis", Prentice Hall NJ, USA), 1996.
 J. Bhaskar, "Verilog HDL Synthesis  A Practical Primer", Star Galaxy Publishing,(Allentown, PA) 1998.







EE722 Restructured Power Systems 
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Fundamentals of restructured system, Market Architecture, Load Elasticity, Social welfare maximization, OPF: Role in vertically integrated systems and in restructured markets, Congestion Management, Optimal Bidding, Risk assessment and Hedging, Transmission Pricing and Tracing of power, Ancillary Services, Standard Market Design, Distributed Generation in restructured markets, Developments in India, IT applications in restructured markets, Working of restructured power systems : PJM. 
Text/References

 Understanding electric utilities and deregulation, Lorrin Philipson, H. Lee Willis, Marcel Dekker Pub., 1998.
 Power system economics: designing markets for electricity Steven Stoft, John Wiley & Sons, 2002.
 Operation of restructured power systems. Kankar Bhattacharya, Jaap E. Daadler, Math H.J. Boolen, Kluwer Academic Pub., 2001.
 Restructured electrical power systems: operation, trading and volatility Mohammad Shahidehpour, Muwaffaq Alomoush, Marcel Dekker Pub., 2001.







EE723 Physics of Nanoelectronic Devices I 
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Particles and waves, the timeindependent Schrödinger equation, states and operators, particleinabox, densityofstates, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom, tunneling, twolevel systems.;Electrons in a crystal lattice, quantum well, wire and dot devices, interacting quantum wells, scanning probe microscopy, excitons in semiconductors, spin1/2 systems and quantum bits.;Identical particles fermions and bosons, field quantization: phonons and photons.;Classical and quantum density, entropy and information, statistical ensembles, BoseEinstein and FermiDirac statistics applications to electronic devices.;Nonequilibrium statistical mechanics transition probabilities, the master equation, the Boltzmann Transport Equation for electrons in solids.;Perturbation theory, scattering rates and lifetimes in electronic devices.;honon scattering in semiconductors, absorption and emission of photons in semiconductors: lasers and solar cells. 
Text/References

 Hagelstein, Senturia and Orlando, Introductory Applied Quantum and Statistical Mechanics, Wiley 2004.
 Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, Prentice Hall 1995.
 Gershenfeld, The Physics of Information Technology, Cambridge University Press, 2000.







EE724 Nanoelectronics 
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Shrinkdown approaches: Introduction, CMOS Scaling, The nanoscale MOSFET, Finfets, Vertical MOSFETs, limits to scaling, system integration limits (interconnect issues etc.), Resonant Tunneling Transistors, Single electron transistors, new storage, optoelectronic, and spintronics devices.;Atomsup approaches: Molecular electronics involving single molecules as electronic devices, transport in molecular structures, molecular systems as alternatives to conventional electronics, molecular interconnects; Carbon nanotube electronics, bandstructure & transport, devices, applications. 
Text/References

 Introduction to Nanotechnology, C.P. Poole Jr., F.J. Owens,Wiley (2003).
 Nanoelectronics and Information Technology (Advanced Electronic Materials and Novel Devices), Waser Ranier,WileyVCH (2003).
 Nanosystems, K.E. Drexler, Wiley (1992)
 The Physics of LowDimensional Semiconductors, John H. Davies, Cambridge University Press, 1998.
 Research Papers.







EE725 Computational Electromagnetics 
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Introduction to electromagnetic fields: review of vector analysis, electric and magnetic potentials, boundary conditions, Maxwell's equations, diffusion equation, Poynting vector, wave equation.;Finite Difference Method (FDM): Finite Difference schemes, treatment of irregular boundaries, accuracy and stability of FD solutions,FiniteDifference TimeDomain (FDTD) method.;Finite Element Method (FEM): overview of FEM, Variational and Galerkin Methods, shape functions, lower and higher order elements, vector elements, 2D and 3D finite elements, efficient finite element computations.;Method of Moments (MOM): integral formulation, Green's functions and numerical integration, other integral methods: boundary element method, charge simulation method.;Special topics: hybrid methods, coupled circuit  field computations, electromagnetic  thermal and electromagnetic  structural coupled computations, solution of equations.;Applications: low frequency and high frequency electrical devices, static / timeharmonic / transient problems in transformers, rotating machines,waveguides, antennas, scatterers. 
Text/References

 M. V. K. Chari and S. J. Salon, Numerical methods in electromagnetism, Academic Press, 2000.
 M. N. O. Sadiku, Numerical techniques in electromagnetics, CRC Press, 1992.
 N. Ida, Numerical modeling for electromagnetic nondestructive evaluation, Chapman and Hall, 1995.
 S. R. H. Hoole, Computer aided analysis and design of electromagnetic devices, Elsevier Science Publishing Co., 1989.
 J. Jin, The Finite Element Method in electromagnetics, 2nd Ed., John Wiley and Sons, 2002.
 P. P. Silvester and R. L. Ferrari, Finite elements for electrical engineers, 3rd Ed., Cambridge University Press, 1996.







EE727 Physics of Nanoelectronic Devices II 
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Prerequisties Physics of Nanoelectronic Devices Ior equivalent, undergraduatelevel engineering mathematics linear algebra, differential equations, Fourier analysis (MA 106, MA108, MA205, MA207 or equivalent), engineering physics (PH103 or equivalent), and postgraduate level solidstate devices (EE661 or equivalent).;Atomic structure: crystal structure, defects in solids.; Electronic structure: energy bands in solids, electronelectron interactions, bandstructure calculations, bandstructure engineering, Mechanical properties: Phonon engineering, elasticity and strain engineering, Semiclassical transport properties: dynamics of Bloch electrons, Zener tunneling and its device applications, the Boltzmann Transport Equation and its moments, driftdiffusion, hydrodynamic equations and MonteCarlo simulation of semiconductor devices, thermoelectric and magnetoelectric phenomena.; Nanoscale transport properties: scattering formalism, ballistic nanotransistors, Greens functions, Feynman paths, quantuminterference devices.; Optical properties: Maxwells equations in dielectric media, polarization in insulators, ferroelectrics, polarons and polaritons, direct and indirect transitions in semiconductors, excitons, optoelectronic and photovoltaic devices, frequency response of metals skindepth, plasma frequency, plasmonic devices.; Magnetic properties: Diamagnetism and paramagnetism of ions and electrons, magnetic interactions and ferromagnetic ordering, mean field theory, symmetrybreaking and phase transitions, spintronic devices. 








EE728 Growth and Characterization of Nanoelectronic Materials 
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A selection of topics from the following: Basic Growth Concepts: growth modes.; crystallization phenomena.; defects . Fundamentals and analysis of epitaxy: liquid phase epitaxy.; molecular beam epitaxy.; Chemical vapor deposition.; LPCVD examples (SiO2, Si3N4, PolySi, Silicon epitaxy).; MOCVD, examples: dielectrics, epitaxy of IIIV.; PECVD.; ALD. Material Systems and Structures: GaAs and InP based materials : AlGaAs, GaInAs and InGaAsP.; substrates, material purity, doping, ordering.; heterostructures, interfaces.; strained layer growth, critical thickness.; Group III nitrides: AlGaInN and InGaAsN.; Device structures : Detectors, Lasers, HEMTs. Characterization of Nanoelectronic Materials: Photoluminescence.; XRay diffraction.; Transmission Electron Microscopy.;Deep Level Transient spectroscopy.; Atomic Force Microscopy.; Secondary Electron Microscopy. 
Text/References

 M. A. Herman, W. Richter and H. Sitter, Epitaxy: Physical principles and technical implementation, Springer, Berlin 2004.
 G. B. Stringfellow, Organnometallic Vapor Phase Epitaxy: theory and practice, Academic Press, Boston, 1989.
 G. M. Blom, Liquid Phase Epitaxy, NorthHolland, Amsterdam, 1974D. K. Schroder, Semiconductor Material and Device Characterization, WileyInterscience, New York, 1990.
 Research Papers.







EE731 Design of Experiment /Taguchi Method for Experimental Research 
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Fundamentals of classical statistical methods: Normal Probability distribution, Statistical analysis of Means and Variance, Evolution of Taguchi Methods.;Fundamentals of Taguchi Methods: Basic philosophy of Taguchi loss function and robust design, 8steps in Taguchi Method, Pdiagrams of Static and Dynamic problems, Definitions of signal, noise and control factors, Degrees of freedom, Linear graphs and orthogonal arrays and their designs, Definitions of Signal to Noise ratio, Evaluation of sensitivity to noise, Resolution of design, Analysis of Means, Means Plots and Analysis of Variance, Prediction of optimum conditions, Prediction of error variance.;Design of Experiments for Robust Design: Identification of signal, noise and control variables, Identification and selection interactions, Control factors and their levels, Strategies for experimentation using Taguchi methods, beginner, intermediate and advanced strategies, Selection of design of orthogonal array, Modification of orthogonal arrays and linear graphs, Performing matrix experiments, Methods of analyzing experimental data, Interpretation of results.;Application Examples: Application of design of experiments for circuit design for temperature insensitivity, robust design of sensors with reduced crosssensitivities, designing robust processes: machining and cutting tool wear analysis, surface quality optimization, metallurgical structure optimization, packaging related wire and die bonding optimization, Application of design of experiments for optimizing product performance and process yield. 
Text/References

 M.S. Phadke, "Quality Engineering using Robust Design" Prentice Hall (1989).







EE732 Combinatorial Optimization 
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Prerequisite : EE635 Applied Linear Algebra or equivalent.;Brief Overview of Linear and Nonlinear Programming. KuhnFourier Elimination Scheme, Farkas Lemma, Constrained Optimization through Lagrange multipliers for equation and inequality based systems, KarushKuhnTucker Theorem, Strong Duality Theorem of Linear Programming.;Network Flows.Maxflow Mincut Theorem, Algorithms for maximizing flows, min cost flow Problem and its electrical equivalent, Menger's Theorems.;Graph Optimization Problems.Maximum spanning tree, matching and covering, shortest path problem, graph colouring problems.;Introduction to Matroids.Axioms for matroids, The greedy algorithm and the related characterization of matroids. 
Text/References

 Douglas B. West, Introduction to Graph Theory Second edition: Prentice Hall 2001.
 A.Schrijver, Theory of Linear and Integer Programming, Wiley, Chichester, 1986
 C.H. Papadimitriou, K.Steiglitz, Combinatorial optimization: algorithms and complexity, Dover Pubns, July 1998.
 H.Narayanan, Submodular functions and Electrical Networks, (vol 54) Annals of Discrete Maths, North Holland,1997, 2nd edition at http://www.ee.iitb.ac.in/~hn/book/ 2009.







EE733 Solid State Devices 
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Electrons in solids, Band theory, Charge carriers in semiconductors, Boltzmann Transport Equation, pn junctions, Schottky and MIS contacts, Fieldeffect transistors, Bipolar transistors, Optoelectronic and photovoltaic devices. 
Text/References

 Streetman and Banerjee, Solid State Electronic Devices, Prentice Hall, 6/e 2005.
 Sze and Ng, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, WileyInterscience, 3/e 2006.
 K. Hess, Advanced Theory of Semiconductor Devices, PrenticeHall, 1988.
 Singh, Semiconductor Devices: Basic Principles, Wiley, 2000.







EE734 Advanced Probability and Random Processes for Engineers 
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Prerequisites : EE 325 or EE 601 or an equivalent basic course on probability and random processes.;Probability spaces, random variables, expectation, uniform integrability, independence, stochastic convergence, limit theorems, conditioning, Markov chains, martingales, Brownian motion, Poisson process, examples from electrical engineering. 
Text/References

 E. Wong and B. Hajek, Stochastic Processes in Engineering Systems, Springer Verlag, New York, 1984.
 L. Breiman, Probability, SIAM, Philadelphia. 1992.







EE735 Microelectronics Simulation Laboratory 
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Familiarization with TCAD software, semiconductor process simulation CMOS structure design, semiconductor device simulation CMOS inverter design, device parameter extraction for circuitsimulation (lecture and lab sessions).;Familiarization with compact models and transistorlevel circuit simulation (lecture and lab sessions).;Familiarization with a typical custom IC design flow using open source design tools (lecture and lab sessions). Schematic capture, circuit simulation, layout design, design rules, layout extraction and postlayout simulation circuit design software. Analog and digital functional modules will be used as test benches for lab experiments. CMOS technology will be the main focus of the lab and available devices in this technology including MOS transistors, passive components and BJTs will be explored and used. At the time of this proposal NGSPICE and MAGIC are two examples of open source CAD tools which will be explored in this course. However instructors will introduce any useful new free academic EDA tool which may be developed in the future. 
Text/References

 Plummer, Deal and Griffin, Silicon VLSI Technology: Fundamentals, Practice and Modeling, Prentice Hall, 2000.
 Wolf, Silicon Processing for the VLSI Era, Volume 3 The Submicron MOSFET, Lattice Press, 1990.
 Massobrio and Antognetti, Semiconductor Device Modeling with SPICE, McGraw Hill, 1993.
 R. Jacob Baker, CMOS: Circuit Design, Layout, and Simulation, Revised Second Edition, 2008, WileyIEEE
 http://www.gpleda.org (GNU general public license toolkit of EDA tools).







EE736 Introduction to Stochastic Optimization 
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Prerequisites : EE 325 or EE 601 or an equivalent basic course on probability and random processes.;Review of probability theory, Stochastic approximation algorithms: stability and convergence, asynchronous implementations, two time scale schemes, examples from electrical engineering, Markov chain Monte Carlo: variance reduction, simulated annealing, Markov decision processes: stochastic dynamic programming, computational schemes, state and parameter estimation, control under partial observations, adaptive control, learning algorithms. 
Text/References

 J. Spall, Introduction to Stochastic Search and Optimization, WileyInterscience, New York, 2003.
 Sheldon Ross, Introduction to Stochastic Dynamic Programming, Academic Press, New York, 1995.
 S. Asmussen and P. W. Glynn, Stochastic Simulation, Springer Verlag, New York, 2007.







EE737 Introduction to Stochastic Control 
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Prerequisites : EE 325 or EE 601 or an equivalent basic course on probability and random processes.;Review of probability theory, Controlled Markov chains: dynamic programming and computational schemes, Linear stochastic control: LQG problem, Kalman filter and separation principle, Introduction to stochastic differential equations and continuous time stochastic, control: HamiltonJacobiBellman equation, nonlinear filtering. 
Text/References

 J. Spall, Introduction to Stochastic Search and Optimization, WileyInterscience, New York, 2003.
 Sheldon Ross, Introduction to Stochastic Dynamic Programming, Academic Press, New York, 1995.
 S. Asmussen and P. W. Glynn, Stochastic Simulation, Springer Verlag, New York, 2007.







EE739 Processor Design 
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CISC Processor Design: Defining microprocessor, hardware flowchart,
implementing from flowchart, exception, control store, microcode design.
RISC Processor Design: Building datapath and controller, single cycle
implementation, multi cycle implementation, pipelined implementation,
exception and hazards handling.
Superscalar Processors Design: Superscalar organization, superscalar
pipeline overview, VLSI implementation of dynamic pipelines, register
renaming, reservation station, reordering buffers, branch predictor, and
dynamic instruction scheduler etc.; simultaneous multithreading (SMT)
design.
Memory System Design. Application specific instruction set processor
(ASIP) design. Dynamic reconfigurable processors (DRP).
Impact of physical technology, trends in power consumption, low power
techniques, low voltage techniques, clock distribution. Verification and
test challenges.

Text/References

 Nick Tredennick, Microprocessor Logic Design, Digital Press, 1987
 JP Shen and MH Lipasti, Modern Processor Design, MC Graw Hill, Crowfordsville, 2005
 J.L. Hennessy, and D.A. Patterson, Computer Architecture: A
quantitative approach, Fifth Edition, Morgan Kaufman Publication, 2012
 A. Chandrakasan and WJ Bowhill, and F. Fox, Design of High
Performance Microprocessor Circuits, IEEE Press, 2001







EE740 Advanced Communications Network 
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Overview of InternetConcepts, challenges and history. Overview of high speed networksATM. TCP/IP Congestion and Flow Control in InternetThroughput analysis of TCP congestion control. TCP for high bandwidth delay networks. Fairness issues in TCP.;Real Time Communications over Internet. Adaptive applications. Latency and throughput issues. Integrated Services Model (intServ). Resource reservation in Internet. RSVP.;Characterization of Traffic by Linearly Bounded arrival Processes (LBAP). Concept of (o,, p) regulator. Leaky bucket algorithm and its properties.;Packet Scheduling Algorithmsrequirements and choices. Scheduling guaranteed service connections. GPS, WFQ and Rate proportional algorithms. High speed scheduler design. Theory of Latency Rate servers and delay bounds in packet switched networks for LBAP traffic.;Active Queue Management  RED, WRED and Virtual clock. Control theoretic analysis of active queue management.;IP address lookupchallenges. Packet classification algorithms and Flow Identification Grid of Tries, Cross producting and controlled prefix expansion algorithms.;Admission control in Internet. Concept of Effective bandwidth. Measurement based admission control. Differentiated Services in Internet (DiffServ). DiffServ architecture and framework.;IP switching and MPLSOverview of IP over ATM and its evolution to IP switching. MPLS architecture and framework. MPLS Protocols. Traffic engineering issues in MPLS. [P control of Optical Routers. Lamda Switching, DWDM Networks. 
Text/References

 Jean Wairand and Pravin Varaiya, High Perforamnce Communications Networks, Second Edition, 2000.
 Jean Le Boudec and Patrick Thiran, Network Calculus A Theory of Deterministic Queueing Systems for the Internet, Springer Veriag, 2001.
 Zhang Wang, Internet Qo,5, Morgan Kaufman 2001.
 George Kesidis, ATM Network Performance, Kluwer Academic, 2000 5. Research Papers.







EE746 Neuromorphic Engineering 
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Introduction to Neuromorphic Engineering; Signalling and operation of Biological neurons, neuron models, signal encoding and statistics; Synapses and plasticity rules, biological neural circuits; Neuromorphic design principles; FETs  device physics and subthreshold circuits; Analog and digital electronic neuron design; Nonvolatile memristive semiconductor devices; Electronic synapse design; Interconnection Networks; Interconnection schemes for large nonspiking and spiking neural networks; Analysis of design, architecture and performance characteristics of demonstrated chips employing Analog neuromorphic VLSI, Digital neuromorphic VLSI, Electronic synapses and other neuromorphic systems. 
Text/References

 ShihChii Liu, Jörg Kramer, Giacomo Indiveri, Tobias Delbrück, Rodney Douglas, Analog VLSI: circuits and principles, MIT press, 2002, ISBN 0262122553
 Carver Mead, Analog VLSI and neural systems, AddisonWesley, 1989, ISBN0201059924
 Eric Kandel, James Schwartz, Thomas Jessell, Steven Siegelbaum, A.J. Hudspeth, Principles of neural science, McGraw Hill 2012, ISBN 0071390111
 Dale Purves, Neuroscience, Sinauer, 2008, ISBN 0878936971







EE747 Simulation of Power System Transients 
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Modelling of linear RLCM Networks: Admittance Matrix/State Variable Formulation. Numerical Solution: Stability and Accuracy. Modeling of Power System Components: Multiconductor Transmission Lines and Cables: Bergeron Model and Frequency Dependent Models. Transformers and Electrical Machines; Modelling of Saturation Power Electronic Switches; Interpolation Techniques to improve accuracy. Control Systems for Power apparatus, including Power Electronic Converters Application of Transient Simulation for the study of faults and protection systems, switching transients and HVDC control. RealTime Digital Simulation of Power Systems for HardwareinLoop testing of controllers. 
Text/References

 N. Watson and J. Arrillaga, Power Systems Electromagnetic Transients Simulation, IEE Power and Energy Series, No. 39, IEE Press, 2003, UK.
 Allan Greenwood, Electrical Transients in Power Systems (2nd edition), Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., 1991, New Delhi.
 H.W. Dommel, EMTP Theory Book (2nd edition) , Microtran Power System Analysis Corporation, Vancouver, BC, 1992, Canada







EE748 Advanced Topics in Computer Architecture 
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Overview Superscalar and VLIW architectures. Limits of instruction level parallelism (ILP). Simultaneous multithreaded (SMT) architecture, Performance enhancement through branch prediction and value prediction, BulkSMT, Thread level speculation. Run ahead execution, proactive instruction fetch, Multicore architectures, data marshaling for multicore architectures, power constrained CMPs, heterogeneous core design, Core Fusion, Transactional memories. Performance evaluation of complex microarchitectures. Onchip interconnects (NetworkonChip). Architectural vulnerabilities and reliable architectures. Patchable design. Secure architectures. Energy efficient architectures. Power management. Cache design, energy efficient cache partitioning, fast thread migration, thread throatling. 








EE749 Decentralized Control of Complex Systems 
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Theory: Graphs and Matrices, properties of the Laplacian matrix and relation with graph connectivity. Nonnegative matrices. Graphs and Dynamic Systems, Input and Output Reachability, Structural Controllability and Observability, Distributed Feedback Structures, Connective Stability and Stabilization, Vector Lyapunov Functions, Distributed Suboptimal and Optimal Control, Decentralized Observers and Feedback, Output Feedback Applications: a) Control of Smart Grids: Frequency Regulation with variable resources, Charging Control for Plugin electric Vehicle, Wide Area Damping Control b) Cooperative Control of Multiagent systems: Connectivity, Coordination and Consensus algorithms: Formation Control, Flocking, rendezvous. Adversarial interactions, Task assignment and routing 
Text/References

 R. B. Bapat, Graphs and Matrices, TRIM Series, Hindustan Book Agency, 2011
 C. Godsil and G. Royle, Algebraic Graph Theory, Springer, New York, 2001 (Available in Indian edition)
 Dragoslav D. Siljak, Decentralized Control of Complex Systems, Mathematics in Science and Engineering vol 184, Academic Press, London, 1991
 Aranya Chakraborty and Marija D. Ilic Editors, Control and Optimization Methods for Electric Smart Grids, Springer New York, 2012.
 Jeff S. Shamma Editor, Cooperative Control of Distributed MultiAgent Systems, John Wiley and Sons, West Sussex, England, 2007.







EE750 DSP System Design and Implementation 
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The course is intended to first provide some exposure to the topics listed below, in the theory component. Concurrently, in the laboratory component, actual practice and realization of the concepts studied, would be emphasized. The laboratory component is intended to be a significant and important part of this course. In fact, the theory component is mainly planned to support and strengthen the laboratory experience.
 An introduction to Digital Signal Processors and the associated interface hardware and software systems
 Basic exercises in programming Digital Signal Processors
 The Joint “systems – algorithms – architectures” perspective as a holistic approach in Signal Processing applications
 Comparative studies between general purpose microprocessors/computing devices and specialized application specific integrated circuits (ASICs) and digital signal processors.
 Study and implementation of Analog to Digital Conversion, sampling and reconstruction.
 Study and implementation of simple Discrete Time Systems.
 Study and implementation of Finite Impulse Response Filters.
 Study and implementation of Infinite Impulse Response Filters.
 Fast Fourier Transforms and Spectral Estimation – Algorithms, Implementation.
 Realization and implementation of computationally efficient Digital Signal Processing structures like the lattice structure, ladder structure.
 Digital Signal Processing application areas in wireless and mobile communication, multimedia technology and communication, control systems, power electronics and power systems, measurement and instrumentation.
 Architectures and algorithms in vogue, pertaining to these application areas – general principles and case studies.
 A comprehensive design and development effort – pertaining to the study and implementation of one or two such advanced applications on an available Digital Signal Processor platform.

Text/References

 B. Venkataramani, M. Bhaskar, “Digital Signal Processors: Architecture, Programming and Applications”, Second Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited, 2011.
 John G. Proakis, Dimitris G. Manolakis – “Digital Signal Processing – Principles, Algorithms and Applications”, Third Edition, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, 1997, Eastern Economy Edition.
 Sanjit K. Mitra, “Digital Signal Processing – A computer based approach”, Mc Graw Hill International Edition, Second Edition, 2001, Electrical Engineering Series. This book is likely to be available as a Tata Mc GrawHill Edition too.
 Sanjit K. Mitra, “Digital Signal Processing Laboratory using MATLAB”’ Mc Graw Hill International Edition, 2000, Computer Science Series.
 James H. McClellan, Ronald W. Schafer, Mark A. Yoder, “DSP First: A Multimedia Approach”, Prentice Hall, NJ, (1998 by Prentice Hall).
 Vinay K. Ingle, John G. Proakis, “Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB”, (2000 by Brooks/Cole), Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, a division of Thomson Learning.
 David J. De Fatta, Joseph G. Lucas, William S. Hodgkiss, “Digital Signal Processing A System Design Approach”, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Pte. Ltd., Singapore.
 Selected tutorial and research papers from standard journals on Signal Processing to be announced from time to time.







EE751 Nanomagnetism and Spintronics 
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Introduction to spin, quantum mechanics of spin, spinorbit interaction, spins and magnetism in confined structures, spin relaxation, passive spintronic devices: spin valve, magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJ), spin transfer torque based MTJ, micromagnetics, Magnetic RAM (MRAM) technology, active spintronic devices: spin transistors, advanced topics: spin currents, magnetooptic effects, spin caloritronic devices, spinHall devices, all spin logic and spin based quantum computing 
Text/References

 Texts/References: * Introduction to spintronics S. Bandyopadhyay and M. Cahay, CRC Press (2008) * Spin Current, Ed. S. Maekawa et. al., Oxford Science Publications, 2011,Nanomagnetism and spintronics. Ed. T. Shinjo, Elsevier (2009).







EE753 High Power Converters and Utility Applications 
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High Power Electronic Converters:
HighPower Semiconductor Devices, MultiPulse
Converters, Multilevel Cascaded HBridge
Converters, Multilevel DiodeClamped Inverter,
Modular Multilevel Converter, Other Multilevel
Voltage Source Converters, Current Source
Inverters, Pulse width modulation techniques
(SPWM, hysteresis, SVM), Harmonic Reduction
Techniques.
Transmission Applications:
Reactive Compensation for Power Flow Control,
Shunt Compensation, Series Compensation,
Phase Angle Regulators, Combined Series/Shunt
Compensators, Control and Harmonic
Interactions, Enhancing Stability, Large Scale
Storage with Power Electronic Interface.
Distribution Applications:
Power and Voltage Quality, Load Balancing
using passive elements, Instantaneous PQ theory,
Stationary frame (??frame), and synchronous
frame (dqframe) representations of threephase
VSC systems, Openloop and Closedloop
control of Power Converters, Distribution Shunt
Compensation, Distribution Series
Compensation, Unified Power Quality
Conditioner, Static Transfer Switches and Solid
State Circuit Breakers, Hybrid Circuit Breakers,
Fault Current Limiters, Active Filters. 
Text/References

 T. J. E. Miller “Reactive power control in
Electrical system,” John Wiley & Sons, New
York, 1982.

Hingorani N. G. “Understanding FACTS
Concepts & Technology of FACTS
Systems,” IEEE PRESS, 2000.

K. R. Padiyar “FACTS CONTROLLERS in
Power Transmission & Distribution,” New
Age International (P) Ltd.,” 2007.

R. M. Mathur and R. K. Varma, Thyristor
Based FACTS Controllers for Electric Power
Transmission Systems, IEEE Press and
Wiley Interscience, New York, 2002.

M. J. Bolen, Understanding Power Quality
Problems: Voltage Sags and Interruptions,
IEEE Press, 2000.

A. Ghosh and G. Ledwich, Power Quality
Enhancement using Custom Power Devices,
Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 2002.

H. Akagi, E. H. Watanabe, and M. Aredes,
"Instantaneous Power Theory and
Applications to Power Conditioning," JohnWiley,
2007.

Selected papers from IEEE Transactions.







EE754 Advanced Error Correcting Codes 
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Review of channel capacity theorems, Review of convolutional codes, BCJR
algorithm, Turbo codes, Iterative decoding, Belief propagation, LDPC
codes, Tanner graphs, Gallager construction, Message passing decoding,
EXIT charts, Sum product algorithm, Min sum algorithm, Polar codes,
Trellis coded modulation, Bit interleaved coded modulation 
Text/References

 Modern coding theory, Tom Richardson and Rüdiger Urbanke. Cambridge
University Press, 2008.

Error control coding, Shu Lin and Daniel J. Costello, Second edition,
Pearson Education India, 2004.

Information theory, inference, and learning algorithms, David MacKay.
Cambridge University Press, 2003.







EE756 Network Information Theory 
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Introduction: Entropy, Notions of Typicality, Discrete Memoryless Channels
(DMCs), Shannon's Theorem, Feedback.
MultipleAccess Channels (MACs): System Models of MAC and Applications,
Capacity Region of Discrete Memoryless MACs, Gaussian MAC models.
Broadcast Channels (BC): System Model, Super Position Coding, Marton's
Inner Bound, Outerbounds on BC Capacity, Capacityregion of Degraded BCs,
Multiantenna (MIMO) BC, Dirty Paper Coding .
Interference Channels: Han Kobayashi region, Outer bounds to the Capacity
region, Gaussian Interference Channel, Inteference Alignment and Degrees
of Freedom.
Multiterminal Source Coding: Lossless and Lossy Distributed Data
Compression  models and Techniques, Multiple Descriptions, Successive
Refinement.
Network Information Flow: Relay Networks, Routing and multicast, Capacity
region for linear deterministic networks, Capacity approximation for
Gaussian relay networks. Network Coding and applications.
Optional Contents: Joint Source Channel Coding, Separation Theorem, Role
of Feedback in Networks. 
Text/References

 A. El Gamal and Y. H. Kim, Network Information Theory, Cambridge
University Press, 2011.

Gerhard Kramer, Topics in Multiuser Information Theory, Now
Publishers Inc, 2008.

I. Csiszar and J. Korner, Information Theory: Coding Theorems for
Discrete Memoryless Systems, Elsevier, 2014, Third Edition.

T. Cover and J. A. Thomas, Elements of Information Theory, Wiley
Student Edition 2006, Second edition.







EE757 Crystalline silicon solar cells: theory and practice 
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Module 1:
Theory: Brief review of semiconductor device physics  band structure  carrier concentrations  carrier generation and recombination  effective lifetime and surface recombination velocity  carrier transport  optical absorption and reflection.
Practice: (i) measurement of sheet resistance of a silicon wafer  determination of the type of wafer  estimation of the mobility and diffusion coefficient of the majority carriers (ii) measurement of carrier lifetime and surface recombination velocity (iii) measurement of reflectivity of a polished silicon surface.
Module 2:
Theory: pn junction diodes  derivation of dark IV characteristics including surface recombination  illuminated IV characteristics  contacts  series resistance in solar cells  shunts in solar cells.
Practice: Simulation of dark and illuminated IV characteristics of pn junction diodes using PC1D  analysis of fermi levels, potential, electric field and carrier distributions, generation and recombination rates within the diode  simulation of illuminated characteristics using measured reflectance data  leakage currents  impact of various parameters like carrier lifetime, surface recombination, and semiconductor thickness on carrier distributions, recombination currents and dark and illuminated IV of the diode, impact of the above on solar cell performance parameters (Isc, Voc, FF, efficiency).
Module 3:
Theory: wet clean and etch processes  Diffusion in silicon  plasma etching  thin film growth and deposition (oxidation, PECVD, ALD, evaporation), screen printing process  laser processes for silicon solar cell fabrication
Practice: Texturization of silicon surface using KOH, measurement of reflectance, observation of the surface using optical microscope and assessment of pyramid size and distribution, review of device simulation using the measured reflectance data  Phosphorous diffusion using POCl3, design of diffusion process  experiment, sheet resistance measurements  edge isolation process using plasma etching 
Text/References

 Jenny Nelson, The Physics of Solar Cells, Imperial College Press, 2007
 D. K. Schroder, Semiconductor Material and Device Characterization, Wiley Interscience, 2006
 C. S. Solanki, Solar Photovoltaics: Fundamentals, Technologies and Applications, Prentice Hall of India, 2009







EE758 Internet Economics 
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Basic networking technologies, regulatory issues, and the economic
ecosystem of communication service providers. Basic microeconomic
principles and regulatory structures. Pricing of communication services
and usage models in the different competition models. Interconnection
between networks, network formation games, paid peering and peering games.
Economics of network neutrality, sponsored content, zerorating services
and its social and regulatory issues. Simultaneous ascending price
auctions for spectrum sale: mechanism design, bidder strategies and case
studies. 
Text/References

 C. Courcoubetis and R. Weber, Pricing Communication Networks, Wiley 2003.

H. Varian, Intermediate Microeconomics: A Modern Approach, W. W. Norton
and Company, 1999.

P. Varaiya and J. Walrand, High Performance Communication Networks,
Morgan Kaufman Publishers, 2000.

N. Nisan, T. Roughgarden, E. Tardos and V. Vazirani, Algorithmic Game
Theory, Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Research papers.







EE759 Applied Mathematical Analysis in Engineering 
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Sets and numbers.
Limits: sequences, convergence, Cauchy sequences, limit points, limsup, liminf, subsequences. Convergence of inifnite series. Applications.
Normed spaces, completeness, Banach space. Innerproduct spaces, Hilbert space. Applications.
Continuous functions: continuity, left/right continuity, uniform continuity, intermediate value theorem. Applications.
Fundamentals of topological spaces, compactness, connectedness. Topological groups. Applications.
Differentiation. Inverse function theorem. Applications.
Integration: Riemann integration. Lebesgue measure, Lebesgue integration. Applications.
Function spaces, convergence of functions. Applications. 
Text/References

 T. Tao, Analysis I and II, Second Edition, Hindustan Book Agency, 2009

K. Kuratowski, Introduction to Set Theory and Topology, Oxford, 1961

C.M. Bender and S.A. Orszag, Advanced Mathematical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, McGrawHill, 1978







EE760 Advanced Network Analysis 
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Network topology: Matrices associated with graphs, the short circuit and open circuit operations, their generalization through the use of ideal transformers and vector space operations corresponding to these operations.;Theorems of Tellegen and Minty: Formal equivalence, areas of applications.;The Implicit Duality Theorem and its applications: Multiport decomposition, ideal transformer resulting from the connection of ideal transformers, adjoint networks and systems, networks with decomposition methods based on altering network topology, ideal diode, ideal transformer, resistor circuits and their relation to Linear and Quadratic Programming. 
Text/References

 S.Seshu and M.B.Reed, Linear Graphs and Electrical Networks, Addison Wesley, 1961.
 H.Narayanan, Submodular Functions and Electrical Networks, Annals of Discrete Maths, vol54, North Holland,1997.







EE760/EE442 Advanced Network Analysis 
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Matrices associated with graphs, the short circuit and open circuit operations, their generalization through the use of ideal transformers and vector space operations corresponding to these operations.
Theorems of Tellegen and Minty: Formal equivalence, areas of applications.The Implicit Duality Theorem and its applications: Multiport decomposition, ideal transformer resulting from the connection of ideal transformers,adjoint networks and systems, networks with decomposition methods based on altering network topology,ideal diode, ideal transformer, resistor circuits and their relation to Linear and Quadratic Programming. 
Text/References

 S.Seshu and M.B.Reed, Linear Graphs and Electrical Networks, Addison Wesley, 1961.
 H.Narayanan, Submodular Functions and Electrical Networks, Annals of Discrete Maths, vol54, North Holland, 1997.







EE763 Science of Information Statistics and Learning 
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Information Theory basics: Bayes’ theorem, Random Variables, Independence
and Conditioning, Shannon entropy, Relative entropy, Mutual Information,
Markov chains, Sanov’s theorem.
Statistics: Linear regression, statistical model, Exponential families,
sampling, Monte Carlo, inference, Maximum Likelihood Estimation, Maximum a
posteriori, Bayesian Inference.
Inference: MaxENT algorithm, relation between Bayesian and MaxENT
methods, Statistical Mechanics, Ising models, graphical models,
HammersleyClifford theorem, EM algorithm, belief propagation.
Learning: Introduction to neural networks, the single neuron as a
classifier, capacity of a single neuron, learning as inference, Hopfield
networks, Boltzmann machines, Supervised learning in multilayered networks,
Gaussian processes, Deconvolution.
Application to Chemical Reaction Networks: Introduction to chemical
reaction networks, Massaction kinetics, Chemical Master Equation, Birch’s
theorem, Connection to exponential families, the MLE algorithm using
reaction networks, current topics in molecular intelligence. 
Text/References

 David MacKay, Information Theory, Inference, and Learning Algorithms, Cambridge University Press, fourth printing, 2005.
 T. Cover and J. A. Thomas, Elements of Information Theory, Wiley Student Edition 2006, Second edition.
 Larry Wasserman, All of Statistics: A Concise Course in Statistical Inference, Springer Science and Business Media, 2013.
 Kevin P. Murphy“Machine learning: a probabilistic perspective.” MIT press, 2012.
 Manoj Gopalkrishnan. "A Scheme for Molecular Computation of Maximum Likelihood Estimators for LogLinear Models." Springer LNCS Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming 2016, arXiv:1506.03172 (2015).
 Shunichi Amari, Information Geometry and its applications, Springer Applied Mathematical Sciences volume 194, 2016.
 Edwin T. Jaynes, "Information theory and statistical mechanics." Physical review 106.4 (1957): 620.







EE764 Wireless and Mobile Communications 
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Introduction to mobile communication. Cellular mobile telephone architecture overview.;Cellular radio system design Frequency assignments, frequency reuse channels. Concept of cell splitting. Handover in cellular systems. Handoff algorithms.;Multiple access schemes in mobile communicationsTDMA, FDMA, CDMA. Random Multiple Access Schemes. Performance analysis issues. MAC layer scheduling and connection admission in mobile communication. Interference suppression and Power control.;Teletraffic modelling and Queeuing theoretic analysis of cellular mobile networks. Resource allocation and mobility management.;Practical Cellular mobile systems AMPS and GSM system architecture overview. Call management and system operation. CDMA based cellular system. Wireless in Local LoopDECT and CDMA WLL. 
Text/References

 WCY Lee, Mobile Cellular Telecommunications Systems, McGraw Hill International Editions 1990.
 WCY Lee, Mobile Communications Design Fundamentals, Prentice Hall, 1993.
 Raymond Steele, Mobile Radio Communications, IEEE Press, New York, 1992.
 AJ Viterbi, CDMA: Principles of Spread Spectrum Communications, Addison Wesley, New York, 1995.
 VK Garg and JE Wilkes, Wireless and personal Communication Systems, Prentice Hall, 1996.







EE766 Random Graphs: Theory and Applications 
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 ErodsRenyi graphs, basic structural propertis, emergence of giant
connected component an full connectivity, applications.
 Random Geometric Graphs, structural and connectivity properties,
applications
 Scalefree and smallworld networks, generative models and properties,
applications, Random processes on graphs, such as random walks, epidemic
spread, and opinion dynamics.

Text/References

 Bela Bollobas, Random Graphs, Cambridge, 2001

A. Frieze and M. Karonski, Introduction to Random Graphs, Cambridge, 2016

M. Franceschetti and R. Meester, Random Networks for Communication,
Cambridge, 2008

R. van der Hotstad, Random Graphs and Complex Networks, 2016







EE771 Recent Topics in Analytical Signal Processing 
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Compressed sensing, finite rate of innovation signals and their sampling
methods, graph signal processing and its applications, phase retrieval
problems, distributed sampling problems, machine learning for signal
processing, role of quantization and other nonlinearities in signal
processing systems, signal approximation methods 
Text/References

 M. Vetterli, P. Marziliano and T. Blu, "Sampling signals with finite
rate of innovation," in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 50,
no. 6, pp. 14171428, Jun 2002.
 D. L. Donoho, "Compressed sensing," in IEEE Transactions on Information
Theory, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 12891306, April 2006.
 E. J. Candes, Y. C. Eldar, T. Strohmer, and V. Voroninski. "Phase
retrieval via matrix completion." SIAM review 57, no. 2 (2015): 225251.
 A. Kumar, “On Bandlimited Signal Reconstruction From the Distribution
of Unknown Sampling Locations,” in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing,
vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 12591267, Mar 2015.
 D. I. Shuman, S. K. Narang, P. Frossard, A. Ortega, and P.
Vandergheynst, “The emerging field of signal processing on graphs:
Extending highdimensional data analysis to networks and other irregular
domains.” IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 30, no. 3 (2013): 8398.
 T. Hastie, R. Tibshirani, J. Friedman, and J. Franklin, “The elements
of statistical learning: data mining, inference and prediction.” Springer,
Berlin, 2001.
 S. Mallat. “A wavelet tour of signal processing: the sparse way”
Academic press, 2008.
 Z. Cvetkovi?, I. Daubechies, and B. F. Logan Jr. "Singlebit
oversampled A/D conversion with exponential accuracy in the bit rate."
IEEE Trans on Information Theory, vol 53, no. 11 (2007): 39793989.







EE779 Advanced Topics in Signal Processing 
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Introduction  Relevant concepts in DSP, linear algebra, matrix analysis, and statistical signal analysis (as needed) Spectral estimation (temporal)  Nonparametric spectrum estimation  Parametric methods for rational spectra (ARMA, MA, AR processes) and line spectra, Array signal processing (spatial)  Arrays and spatial filters, spacetime processes  Waveform estimation  broadband and narrowband beamformers  Subspace algorithms  MUSIC, ESPRIT, RootMUSIC  Applications  directionofarrival (DOA) estimation, signal separation, Selected topics in sampling and reconstruction  Dithered sampling, use of a random dither  Sampling, quantization, and interpolation  Sampling of nonbandlimited signals  Finite rate of innovation signals, Change point problems  Canonical change point problems  Nonparametric and Bayesian approaches to the changepoint problems  Feedback in change point problems, Approximations in bases and compression  Linear and nonlinear approximations  Karhunen Loeve approximations  Transform coding  Distortion rate of quantization Sparse signal processing  Sparse representation and recovery, pursuit algorithms, compressive sensing, Monte Carlo methods in signal processing  Particle filter Inference in Hidden Markov Models, Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm. 
Text/References

 Petre Stoica and Randolph Moses, ``SpectralAnalysis of Signals``, Prentice Hall, 2005.
 Jacob Benesty, Jingdong Chen, and YitengHuang, ``Microphone array signal processing``,Springer, 2008.
 Harry L. Van Tress, ``Optimum Array Processing``, Part IV of Detection,Estimation, and Modulation Theory, Wiley Interscience, 2002.
 Stefane Mallat, ``A wavelet tour of signal processing: the sparse way``, Academic Press, 2010.
 James Candy, ``Bayesian Signal Processing``,Wiley & Sons., 2009.
 Olivier Cappe, Eric Moulines, and Tobias Ryden,``Inference in Hidden Markov Models``, Springer Series in Statistics, 2005.
 Arnaud Doucet and A.M. Johansen, ``A Tutorial on Particle Filtering and Smoothing: Fifteen years Later``, in Handbook of Nonlinear Filtering(eds. D. Crisan et B. Rozovsky), Oxford UniversityPress, 2011.
 Y. C. Eldar and G. Kutyniok, ``Compressed Sensing: Theory and Applications ``, Cambridge University Press, 2011.
 Research publications that will be suggested during the course.







EE780 Terahertz: Technology & Applications 
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Basic THz Terminologies. Physical Principles of THz Interaction with
Matter. Electromagnetic Waves in Matter. THz Radiation and Elementary
Excitations. Laser Basics.
THz Detectors and Sources. Ultrafast Optics. THz Emitters and Detectors
based on Photoconductive Antennas. Optical Rectification. Freespace
Electrooptic Sampling. Ultrabroadband Terahertz Pulses. Terahertz
Radiation from Electron Accelerators. Novel Techniques for Generating
Terahertz Pulses. ContinuousWave Terahertz Sources and Detectors.
Photomixing. Difference Frequency Generation and Parametric Amplification.
FarInfrared Gas Lasers. PType Germanium Lasers. Frequency Multiplication
of Microwaves. Quantum Cascade Lasers. Backward Wave Oscillators.
FreeElectron Lasers.
Thermal Detectors: Bolometers, Pyroelectric Detectors, Golay Cells.
Heterodyne Receivers.
Terahertz Optics.Dielectric Properties of Solids in the Terahertz Region.
Materials for Terahertz Optics. Optical Components. Terahertz Waveguides.
Artificial Materials at Terahertz Frequencies. Terahertz PhononPolaritons
Imaging with Broadband THz Pulses. Imaging with ContinuousWave THz
Radiation. MillimeterWave Imaging for Security. Medical Applications of
TRay Imaging. Concealed Objects RealTime Imaging for Security.
Compact wireless technologies. Terahertz ultrafast wireless
communications. Short distance ultrabroadband communication. THz
communication for space applications.
THz Energy Harvesting  Rectification concept and technological challenges.
Design and development of nanorectennas. Fabrication and measurement
techniques 
Text/References

 YunShik Lee, Principles of Terahertz Science and Technology, Springer 2009.
 Erik Bründermann, et al., Terahertz Techniques, Springer 2012.
 R. A. Lewis, Terahertz Physics, Cambridge University Press 2012.







EE791 Power Electronic Converters for Renewable Energy 
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Introduction to renewable sources: world energy scenario, Wind, solar,
hydro, geothermal, availability and power extraction. Introduction to
solar energy: Photovoltaic effect, basics of power generation, PV & IV
characteristics, effect of insolation, temperature, diurnal variation,
shading; Modules, connections, ratings; Power extraction (MPP), tracking
and MPPT schemes; standalone systems, grid interface, storage, ACDC
loads. Power converters for solar: Micro converter, DCDC
buck/boost/buckboost /flyback /forward/cuk, bidirectional converters;
Inverters: 1ph, 3ph inverters with & w/o x??mer, Heric, H6, Multilevel
Neutral point clamp, Modular multilevel, CSI; Control schemes: unipolar,
bipolar, PLL and synchronization, power balancing / bypass, Parallel power
processing; Grid connection issues: leakage current, Islanding, harmonics,
active/reactive power feeding, unbalance. Intro to wind energy: PV, IV
characteristic, wind power system: turbinegeneratorinverter, mechanical
control, ratings; Power extraction (MPP) and MPPT schemes. Generators for
wind: DC generator with DC to AC converters; Induction generator with &
w/o converter; Synchronous generator with back to back controlled/
uncontrolled converter; Doubly fed induction generator with rotor side
converter topologies; permanent magnet based generators. Battery: Types,
charging discharging. Introduction to AC and DC microgrids. 
Text/References

 Sudipta Chakraborty, Marcelo G. Sim303265es, and William E. Kramer.
Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems: A
Sourcebook of Topologies, Control and Integration. Springer Science &
Business, 2013.

Nicola Femia, Giovanni Petrone, Giovanni Spagnuolo, Massimo Vitelli,
Power Electronics and control for maximum Energy Harvesting in
Photovoltaic Systems,CRC Press,2013.

Chetan Singh Solanki, Solar Photovoltaics: fundamentals, Technologies
and Applications, Prentice Hall of India, 2011.

N. Mohan, T.M. Undeland & W.P. Robbins, Power Electronics: Converter,
Applications & Design, John Wiley & Sons, 1989

Muhammad H. Rashid, Power Electronics: Circuits, Devices, and
Applications, Pearson Education India, 2004

E. Guba, P. Sanchis, A. Ursa, J. Lpez, and L. Marroyo, 302223Ground
currents in singlephase transformerless photovoltaic systems,302224
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 15, no. 7, pp.
629302226650, 2007.

Remus Teodorescu, Marco Liserre, Pedro Rodriguez, Grid Converters for
Photovoltaic and Wind Power Systems, John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., 2011.

Ali Keyhani, Design of Smart Power Grid Renewable Energy Systems,
WileyIEEE Press, 2011.ix







